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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 123 of 2019
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, December 10, 2019 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, December 10, 2019 10:00:00 AM


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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Act 116 of 1954 - MICHIGAN ELECTION LAW (168.1 - 168.992)
116‑1954‑I ‑ CHAPTER I DEFINITIONS (168.1...168.19)
     Section 168.1 ‑ Short title; Michigan election law.
     Section 168.2 ‑ Definitions; A to I.
     Section 168.3 ‑ Definitions; L to R.
     Section 168.4 ‑ Definitions; S to V.
     Section 168.5, 168.6 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.7 ‑ Primary or primary election; definition.
     Section 168.8 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.9 ‑ Village; definition.
     Section 168.9a ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.10 ‑ "Qualified elector" defined.
     Section 168.11 ‑ "Residence" defined.
     Section 168.12 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.13 ‑ Time limits; extension due to holiday, exception.
     Section 168.14 ‑ Locked and sealed; definition.
     Section 168.14a ‑ “Ballot container” and “metal seal” or “seal” defined.
     Section 168.15 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.16 ‑ “Major political party” defined.
     Section 168.17 ‑ "Metropolitan district" and "metropolitan district election coordinator" defined.
     Section 168.18 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 168.19 ‑ "Physical disability" defined.
116‑1954‑II. ‑ CHAPTER II. BOARDS OF ELECTION COMMISSIONERS, BOARDS OF CANVASSERS, AND CLERKS (168.21...168.30g)
     Section 168.21 ‑ Secretary of state; chief election officer, powers and duties.
     Section 168.22 ‑ Board of state canvassers; continuation as provided in former act; duties; membership.
     Section 168.22a ‑ Board of state canvassers; submission of nominees to governor; appointment; vacancy; failure to submit nominees; appointee declining to serve.
     Section 168.22b ‑ Board of state canvassers; term of office.
     Section 168.22c ‑ Board of state canvassers; qualifications; oath.
     Section 168.22d ‑ Board of state canvassers; meetings; quorum; election of chairperson and vice-chairperson.
     Section 168.22e ‑ Board of state canvassers; approval of statement of purpose; notice of meeting; person to address meeting.
     Section 168.22f ‑ Board of state canvassers; expenses and compensation of members.
     Section 168.22g ‑ Expenses for services performed by office of secretary of state.
     Section 168.23 ‑ Board of county election commissioners; membership; quorum; officers; absence or disqualification of member; appointment of county officer; board member involved in recall of officer.
     Section 168.24 ‑ Repealed. 1963, Act 237, Eff. Sept. 6, 1963.
     Section 168.24a ‑ Board of county canvassers; establishment; powers and duties; conduct of recounts; school district election; costs; abolishment of boards of canvassers; appointment and terms of members; applicability of section.
     Section 168.24b ‑ Board of county canvassers; members, eligibility, oath of office, holding other office prohibited.
     Section 168.24c ‑ Board of county canvassers; members; selection; procedure; vacancy.
     Section 168.24d ‑ Board of county canvassers; vacancy.
     Section 168.24e ‑ Board of county canvassers; meetings; election of officers; quorum, action; clerk; assistants, compensation.
     Section 168.24f ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 614, Eff. Mar. 28, 2019.
     Section 168.24g ‑ Repealed. 1996, Act 268, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996.
     Section 168.24h ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 614, Eff. Mar. 28, 2019.
     Section 168.24j ‑ Ballot container; examination by board of county canvassers; approval; procurement; use of disapproved container.
     Section 168.25 ‑ Board of city election commissioners; membership, quorum, chairman; absences, appointment of acting member.
     Section 168.26 ‑ Board of township election commissioners; membership, quorum, chairman; absences, appointment of acting member.
     Section 168.27 ‑ Board of village election commissioners; membership, quorum, chairman; absences, appointment of acting member.
     Section 168.28 ‑ Boards of election commissioners and boards of canvassers; compensation.
     Section 168.29 ‑ Appointment of assistants by clerk of county, township, city, or village; discrimination prohibited; authority, duties, oath, and compensation of assistants; instruction.
     Section 168.30 ‑ Providing clerk with permanent postal mailing address and electronic mailing address.
     Section 168.30a ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.
     Section 168.30b ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.
     Section 168.30c ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.
     Section 168.30d ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.
     Section 168.30e ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.
     Section 168.30f ‑ Repealed. 1968, Act 65, Eff. July 1, 1968.
     Section 168.30g ‑ Board of county canvassers; absences, appointment of temporary members, qualifications, length of service.
116‑1954‑III ‑ CHAPTER III DUTIES OF SECRETARY OF STATE (168.31...168.38)
     Section 168.31 ‑ Secretary of state; duties as to elections; rules.
     Section 168.31a ‑ Election audit; procedures.
     Section 168.32 ‑ Bureau of elections; director of elections; appointment; powers and duties; statement of purpose of proposed amendment or question.
     Section 168.33 ‑ Training schools on conducting elections in accordance with election laws; conduct; continuing election education training courses.
     Section 168.34 ‑ Director of elections; restrictions.
     Section 168.35 ‑ Assistants to director; employment, expenses.
     Section 168.36 ‑ Seal.
     Section 168.37 ‑ Uniform voting system; advisory committee; selection; notice of selection; schedule for acquisition and implementation; repetition of process.
     Section 168.37a ‑ Determination of electronic voting system by clerk; criteria.
     Section 168.37b ‑ Use of electronic voting system; contract between governing bodies of governmental units.
     Section 168.38 ‑ Poster indicating ballot coaching prohibited.
116‑1954‑IV ‑ CHAPTER IV ELECTORS OF PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT (168.41...168.47)
     Section 168.41 ‑ Presidential electors; eligibility.
     Section 168.42 ‑ Presidential electors; selection at state political party conventions, certification.
     Section 168.43 ‑ Presidential electors; election.
     Section 168.44 ‑ Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
     Section 168.45 ‑ Cross or check mark as vote for presidential electors.
     Section 168.46 ‑ Presidential electors; determination by board of state canvassers; certificate of election.
     Section 168.47 ‑ Convening of presidential electors; time and place thereof; resignations; refusal or failure to vote; vacancies.
116‑1954‑V ‑ CHAPTER V GOVERNOR AND LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR (168.51...168.69)
     Section 168.51 ‑ Office of governor or lieutenant governor; eligibility.
     Section 168.52 ‑ Gubernatorial candidates; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.53 ‑ Office of governor; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing.
     Section 168.54 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.55 ‑ Candidate for office of governor or lieutenant governor; write-in.
     Section 168.56 ‑ Candidate for office of governor; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.57 ‑ Gubernatorial candidates; nominees, certification.
     Section 168.58 ‑ Gubernatorial candidates; withdrawal after nomination.
     Section 168.59 ‑ Gubernatorial candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.60 ‑ Governor and lieutenant governor; election.
     Section 168.61 ‑ Governor and lieutenant governor; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.62 ‑ Governor and lieutenant governor; certificate of election.
     Section 168.63 ‑ Governor and lieutenant governor; terms of office.
     Section 168.64 ‑ Governor and lieutenant governor; oath of office, deposit.
     Section 168.65 ‑ Governor or lieutenant governor; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.66 ‑ Governor or lieutenant governor; vacancy, creation; impeachment.
     Section 168.67 ‑ Offices of governor and lieutenant governor; vacancy; death or failure to qualify of governor-elect or lieutenant governor-elect; devolution of powers and duties.
     Section 168.68 ‑ Governor or lieutenant governor; recount of vote.
     Section 168.69 ‑ Governor or lieutenant governor; recall.
116‑1954‑VI ‑ CHAPTER VI LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR; SECRETARY OF STATE; ATTORNEY GENERAL (168.71...168.86)
     Section 168.71 ‑ Offices of secretary of state or attorney general; eligibility.
     Section 168.72 ‑ Candidates for lieutenant governor, secretary of state, attorney general; nomination at fall state convention.
     Section 168.73 ‑ Offices of lieutenant governor, secretary of state, and attorney general; nominees; list.
     Section 168.74 ‑ Candidates; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.75 ‑ Candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.76 ‑ Secretary of state and attorney general; election.
     Section 168.77 ‑ Secretary of state and attorney general; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.78 ‑ Secretary of state and attorney general; certificate of election.
     Section 168.79 ‑ Secretary of state and attorney general; terms of office.
     Section 168.80 ‑ Secretary of state and attorney general; oath of office, bond, deposit.
     Section 168.81 ‑ Secretary of state or attorney general; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.82 ‑ Secretary of state or attorney general; vacancy, creation, notice to governor.
     Section 168.83 ‑ Secretary of state or attorney general; impeachment; removal from office; service of charges, hearing.
     Section 168.84 ‑ Secretary of state or attorney general; vacancy; successor, appointment by governor, oath of office, bond.
     Section 168.85 ‑ Secretary of state or attorney general; election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.86 ‑ Secretary of state or attorney general; recall.
116‑1954‑VII ‑ CHAPTER VII UNITED STATES SENATOR (168.91...168.121)
     Section 168.91 ‑ United States Senator; eligibility.
     Section 168.92 ‑ Candidates for United States senator; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.93 ‑ Candidate for United States senator; nominating petition; signatures; form; filing.
     Section 168.94 ‑ Candidates; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.95 ‑ Candidate for United States senator; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.96 ‑ Candidate for United States senator; write-in.
     Section 168.97 ‑ Candidates; nomination, certification.
     Section 168.98 ‑ Candidates; withdrawal after nomination.
     Section 168.99 ‑ Candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.100 ‑ United States senator; election.
     Section 168.101 ‑ United States senator; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.102 ‑ United States senator; certificate of election by governor.
     Section 168.103 ‑ United States senator; term of office.
     Section 168.104 ‑ United States senator; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.105 ‑ United States senator; vacancy; successor, appointment by governor, tenure.
     Section 168.106 ‑ United States senator; votes cast at primary or general election subject to recount.
     Section 168.107 ‑ United States senator; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.108 ‑ United States senator; removal from office.
     Section 168.109 ‑ United States senator; contested election; restraining order of supreme court.
     Section 168.110 ‑ Contested election; preservation of ballots, application for restraining order by petition; notice, hearing; temporary restraining order pending hearing.
     Section 168.110a ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978.
     Section 168.111 ‑ Contested election; service of restraining order, method.
     Section 168.112 ‑ Contested election; permanent restraining order, delivery of ballot boxes to custody of county clerk.
     Section 168.113 ‑ Contested election; commissioners, appointment, packaging of ballots.
     Section 168.114 ‑ Contested election; commissioners, redeposit of ballots with county clerk, statement.
     Section 168.115 ‑ Contested election; removal of ballots by commissioners, notice.
     Section 168.116 ‑ Contested election; removal of ballots, representation of candidate.
     Section 168.117 ‑ Contested election; commissioners, compensation.
     Section 168.118 ‑ Contested election; violation of restraining order, penalty.
     Section 168.119 ‑ Contested election; application for restraining order to circuit court, authority of court.
     Section 168.120 ‑ Contested elections; purpose of act.
     Section 168.121 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
116‑1954‑VIII ‑ CHAPTER VIII REPRESENTATIVE IN CONGRESS (168.131...168.155)
     Section 168.131 ‑ Representative in Congress; eligibility.
     Section 168.132 ‑ Candidates for representative in congress; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.133 ‑ Candidate for representative in congress; nominating petition; signatures; filing; form.
     Section 168.134 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.135 ‑ Candidate for representative in congress; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.136 ‑ Candidate for representative in congress; write-in.
     Section 168.137 ‑ Candidates for representative in congress; nomination, certification.
     Section 168.138 ‑ Candidates; withdrawal after nomination.
     Section 168.139 ‑ Candidates for representative in congress; death, withdrawal or disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.140 ‑ Representative in congress; election.
     Section 168.141 ‑ Representative in congress; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.142 ‑ Representative in congress; certificate of election.
     Section 168.143 ‑ Representative in congress; term of office.
     Section 168.144 ‑ Representative in congress; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.145 ‑ Representative in congress; vacancy, special election.
     Section 168.146 ‑ Representative in congress; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.147 ‑ Representative in congress; removal from office.
     Section 168.148 ‑ Representative in congress; votes cast at primary or general election subject to recount.
     Section 168.149 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.150 ‑ Representative in congress; contested election; preservation of ballots; restraining order of circuit court.
     Section 168.150a ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 7, 1978.
     Section 168.151 ‑ Contested election; application for restraining order by petition; notice, hearing.
     Section 168.152 ‑ Contested election; service of restraining order, notice.
     Section 168.153 ‑ Contested election; violation of restraining order, penalty.
     Section 168.154 ‑ Contested election; intent of act.
     Section 168.155 ‑ Contested election; proceeding in equity, fees.
116‑1954‑IX ‑ CHAPTER IX STATE SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES (168.161...168.180)
     Section 168.161 ‑ Offices of state senator or representative; eligibility.
     Section 168.162 ‑ Candidates for state senator or representative; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.163 ‑ Candidate for state senator or representative; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing; filing fee in lieu of nominating petition; deposit of fee; refund of deposit.
     Section 168.163a ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 63, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
     Section 168.164 ‑ Candidates for state senator or representative; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.165 ‑ Candidates for state senator or representative; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.166 ‑ Candidate for state senator or representative; write-in.
     Section 168.167 ‑ Candidates for state senator or representative; nomination, certification.
     Section 168.168 ‑ Candidates for state senator or representative; withdrawal after nomination; procedure.
     Section 168.169 ‑ Candidates for state senator or representative; death, certification for statewide office, withdrawal, physical unfitness, or disqualification; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; certification; ballots.
     Section 168.170 ‑ State senators and representatives; election, date.
     Section 168.171 ‑ Candidate receiving greatest number of votes; duties of board of canvassers or county canvassers.
     Section 168.172 ‑ State senators and representatives; certificate of election; publication of certificate of determination and statement of votes; notice of election results.
     Section 168.173 ‑ State senators and representatives; terms of office.
     Section 168.174 ‑ State senators and representatives; oath of office.
     Section 168.175 ‑ State senator or representative; resignation, notice; effective for duration of unexpired legislative term.
     Section 168.176 ‑ State senators and representatives; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.177 ‑ State senator or representative; removal from office; effective for duration of unexpired legislative term.
     Section 168.178 ‑ State senators and representatives; vacancy in office; special election.
     Section 168.179 ‑ State senators and representatives; primary or election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.180 ‑ State senators and representatives; recall.
116‑1954‑IXA ‑ CHAPTER IXA DELEGATES TO CONVENTIONS FOR GENERAL REVISION OF THE STATE CONSTITUTION (168.181...168.190)
     Section 168.181‑168.190 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.
116‑1954‑X ‑ CHAPTER X PROSECUTING ATTORNEY; SHERIFF; COUNTY CLERK; COUNTY TREASURER; REGISTER OF DEEDS; DRAIN COMMISSIONER; CORONERS; SURVEYOR (168.191...168.211)
     Section 168.191 ‑ County officers; eligibility.
     Section 168.192 ‑ Candidates for county offices; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.193 ‑ Candidate for county offices; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing fee in lieu of nominating petitions; deposit of fee; refund; forfeiture of deposit.
     Section 168.194 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.195 ‑ Candidate for county offices; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.196 ‑ Candidates for nomination; write-in.
     Section 168.197 ‑ Candidates for county offices; nomination, certification.
     Section 168.198 ‑ Withdrawal of candidate after nomination for office; replacement of candidate dying before election; vacancy.
     Section 168.199 ‑ Candidates for county offices; death, withdrawal or disqualification; new candidate, selection, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.200 ‑ County officers; election; combination or separation of offices of county clerk and register of deeds.
     Section 168.201 ‑ County officers; certificate of determination by board of county canvassers.
     Section 168.202 ‑ County officers; certificate of election; publication of certificate of determination and statement of votes.
     Section 168.203 ‑ County officers; terms of office.
     Section 168.204 ‑ County officers; oath of office, bond, deposit.
     Section 168.205 ‑ County officers; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.206 ‑ County offices; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.206a ‑ County officers; death before commencement of term.
     Section 168.207 ‑ County officers; removal from office; service of charges, hearing.
     Section 168.208 ‑ Repealed. 2014, Act 418, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2014.
     Section 168.209 ‑ County office; vacancy; manner of filling.
     Section 168.210 ‑ County officers; primary or election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.211 ‑ County officers; recall.
116‑1954‑XI ‑ CHAPTER XI COUNTY AUDITORS (168.221...168.241)
     Section 168.221 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.222 ‑ Repealed. 1999, Act 218, Eff. Mar. 10, 2000.
     Section 168.223 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.223a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.224 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.225 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.226 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.227 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.228 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.229 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.230 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.231 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.232 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.233 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.234 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.235 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.236 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.237 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120. Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.238 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.239 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31 2018.
     Section 168.240 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.241 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
116‑1954‑XII ‑ CHAPTER XII COUNTY ROAD COMMISSIONERS (168.251...168.271)
     Section 168.251 ‑ Scope of chapter.
     Section 168.252 ‑ County road commissioner; eligibility.
     Section 168.253 ‑ Candidates for county road commissioner; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.254 ‑ Office of county road commissioner; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing fee; nominating petitions; deposit of fee; refund; forfeiture of deposit.
     Section 168.255 ‑ Candidate for county road commissioner; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.256 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.257 ‑ Candidates for county road commissioner; write-in.
     Section 168.258 ‑ Candidates for county road commissioner; nomination, certification.
     Section 168.259 ‑ Candidates; withdrawal after nomination.
     Section 168.260 ‑ Candidates; death, withdrawal or disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.261 ‑ County road commissioner; election.
     Section 168.262 ‑ County road commissioner; certificate of determination by board of county canvassers.
     Section 168.263 ‑ County road commissioner; certificate of election.
     Section 168.264 ‑ County road commissioner; term of office.
     Section 168.265 ‑ County road commissioner; oath of office, bond, deposit.
     Section 168.266 ‑ County road commissioner; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.267 ‑ County road commissioner; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.268 ‑ County road commissioner; removal from office; service of charges, hearing; ineligibility for office.
     Section 168.269 ‑ County road commissioner; appointment to fill vacancy; oath; bond; term.
     Section 168.270 ‑ County road commissioner; primary or election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.271 ‑ County road commissioner; recall.
116‑1954‑XIII ‑ CHAPTER XIII STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION; BOARD OF REGENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN; BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY; BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY (168.281...168.296)
     Section 168.281 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; membership eligibility.
     Section 168.282 ‑ Candidates for boards of state universities; nomination at fall state conventions.
     Section 168.282a ‑ Candidates for state board of education; nomination at fall state convention.
     Section 168.283 ‑ Candidates for state board of education and boards of state universities; canvass by state central committee of each political party; list.
     Section 168.284 ‑ Candidates for state board of education and boards of certain state universities; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.285 ‑ Candidates for state board of education and boards of state universities; death, withdrawal or disqualification; election of new candidate, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.286 ‑ Boards of state universities; election.
     Section 168.286a ‑ State board of education; election.
     Section 168.287 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.288 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; certificate of election.
     Section 168.289 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; terms of office.
     Section 168.290 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; oath of office, deposit.
     Section 168.291 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.292 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; vacancy, creation, notice to governor.
     Section 168.293 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing.
     Section 168.294 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; appointment, vacancy, oath of office.
     Section 168.295 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.296 ‑ State board of education and boards of state universities; recall.
116‑1954‑XIV ‑ CHAPTER XIV SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY COLLEGE ELECTIONS (168.301...168.316)
     Section 168.301 ‑ School district election; school district election coordinator; duties; delegation; precincts and polling place locations.
     Section 168.302 ‑ School board member; eligibility; election; term; phasing in or out terms; transition plan.
     Section 168.302a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.303 ‑ Candidate for school board member; name on official ballot; nominating petition; form; signature violations; felony or misdemeanor; penalties; filing fee; withdrawal.
     Section 168.304 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
     Section 168.305 ‑ School district election coordinating committee; meeting; report; election arrangements; review; precincts.
     Section 168.306 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
     Section 168.307 ‑ Statement of returns; certification of election; votes subject to recount.
     Section 168.308 ‑ Certification of board of county canvassers; preservation; filing; execution.
     Section 168.309 ‑ Acceptance of office.
     Section 168.310 ‑ Office of school board member; oath; vacancy; conditions.
     Section 168.311 ‑ School board; appointment to fill vacancy; election; notice to school district election coordinator.
     Section 168.312 ‑ Ballot question; submission by school board; certification of ballot question language; scheduling of special election date.
     Section 168.313 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
     Section 168.314 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 6, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
     Section 168.315 ‑ Payment by school district to county, city, and township.
     Section 168.316 ‑ Board members subject to recall.
116‑1954‑XV ‑ CHAPTER XV CITY OFFICES (168.321...168.328)
     Section 168.321 ‑ City officers; qualifications, nomination, election, appointment, term, and removal; list of candidates; quorum; election or appointment of successor.
     Section 168.322 ‑ Nomination by caucus or filing petition or affidavit; deadline for May election.
     Section 168.322a ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.323 ‑ Board of city election commissioners; preparation of ballots, canvass of returns, conduct of primary and election; provisions governing.
     Section 168.324 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978.
     Section 168.325 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.326 ‑ Candidate for city office; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.327 ‑ Removal of city officers by governor; grounds; action on charges; service of charges; hearing; eligibility for election or appointment following removal or conviction.
     Section 168.328 ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 4, Eff. June 1, 1994.
116‑1954‑XVI ‑ CHAPTER XVI TOWNSHIP OFFICES (168.341...168.373)
     Section 168.341 ‑ Elective township offices and officers.
     Section 168.342 ‑ Township office; eligibility; eligibility for membership on board of review.
     Section 168.343 ‑ Repealed. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966.
     Section 168.343a ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.
     Section 168.344 ‑ Repealed. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966.
     Section 168.345 ‑ Candidates for township offices; nomination at primary.
     Section 168.346 ‑ Primaries; inspector of elections, appointment.
     Section 168.347 ‑ Primaries; provisions governing; recounts; duties of township clerk.
     Section 168.348 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.349 ‑ Candidate for township office; nominating petitions; signatures; form; filing fee in lieu of nominating petitions; refundability; forfeiture of deposits; list of candidates.
     Section 168.349a ‑ Repealed. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966.
     Section 168.350 ‑ Repealed. 1966, Act 58, Imd. Eff. June 7, 1966.
     Section 168.351 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal, notice.
     Section 168.352 ‑ Candidate for township office; death; selection of candidate to fill vacancy; ballots.
     Section 168.353 ‑ Primaries; absent voters, provisions applicable.
     Section 168.354 ‑ Candidate for township office; write-in.
     Section 168.355 ‑ Candidates for township offices; nominees, certification; list.
     Section 168.356 ‑ Repealed. 1965, Act 212, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966.
     Section 168.357 ‑ Candidate for township office; death or disqualification; write-in.
     Section 168.358 ‑ Election of township officers and submission of propositions; general November election.
     Section 168.358a ‑ Special election; purpose; notice.
     Section 168.359 ‑ Repealed. 1968, Act 65, Eff. July 1, 1968.
     Section 168.360 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 51, Imd. Eff. June 11, 2013.
     Section 168.361 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 596, Imd. Eff. Jan. 4, 1979.
     Section 168.362 ‑ Township officers; terms; qualification; vacancy; election; commencement of duties; failure to take oath.
     Section 168.363 ‑ Township officers; oath of office.
     Section 168.364 ‑ Township treasurer; bond, approval, filing.
     Section 168.365 ‑ Constables; bond.
     Section 168.366 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 540, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978.
     Section 168.367 ‑ Resignation of township officer.
     Section 168.368 ‑ Events creating vacancy in township offices.
     Section 168.369 ‑ Removal of township officer; grounds; service of charges; hearing; effect of removal.
     Section 168.370 ‑ Elective or appointive township office; appointment to fill vacancy; temporary appointment; effect of resignation; special election; vacancy in office of township constable.
     Section 168.370a ‑ Filling vacancy in township office; term of appointee; term of elected successor.
     Section 168.371 ‑ Township officers; primary election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.372 ‑ Township officers; recall.
     Section 168.373 ‑ Township clerk; appointment of substitute to perform election law duties.
116‑1954‑XVII ‑ CHAPTER XVII VILLAGE OFFICES (168.381...168.383)
     Section 168.381 ‑ Village officer; qualifications, nomination, election, appointment, term, and removal; temporary appointment of trustees for transaction of business; expiration of appointment; filing for office; nominating petitions.
     Section 168.382 ‑ Village officers; nomination and election.
     Section 168.383 ‑ Removal of village officers by governor; grounds; action on charges; service of charges; hearing; eligibility for election or appointment following removal.
116‑1954‑XVIIA ‑ CHAPTER XVIIA METROPOLITAN DISTRICT ELECTIONS (168.385...168.390)
     Section 168.385 ‑ Metropolitan district election coordinator; duties.
     Section 168.385a ‑ Metropolitan district officer; eligibility; term.
     Section 168.386 ‑ Metropolitan district officer; nominating petition; form; signature of elector; examination and investigation; withdrawal.
     Section 168.386a ‑ Canvass of votes by board of canvassers; election; statement of returns and certification; votes subject to recount.
     Section 168.386b ‑ Statement of returns and certification; preservation and filing by metropolitan district election coordinator; execution of certificate of election.
     Section 168.387 ‑ Notification of member-elect; acceptance; filing; forwarding copy.
     Section 168.387a ‑ Oath; immediate vacancy; events.
     Section 168.388 ‑ Metropolitan district officer; vacancy filled by appointment; election; notice.
     Section 168.389 ‑ Ballot question.
     Section 168.389a ‑ Actual costs of election; payment; verified account; disapproval; failure to agree on actual costs.
     Section 168.390 ‑ Recall.
116‑1954‑XVIII ‑ CHAPTER XVIII JUSTICES OF THE SUPREME COURT (168.391...168.406)
     Section 168.391 ‑ Office of justice of supreme court; eligibility.
     Section 168.392 ‑ Candidates for justice of supreme court; nomination at fall state convention.
     Section 168.392a ‑ Candidates for justice of supreme court; incumbents, affidavit of candidacy for re-election.
     Section 168.393 ‑ Candidates for justice of supreme court; canvass by state central committee of each political party.
     Section 168.394 ‑ Candidates for justice of supreme court; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.395 ‑ Candidates for justice of supreme court; death, withdrawal, disqualification; selection of new candidate, certification; ballots.
     Section 168.396 ‑ Supreme court justices; election.
     Section 168.397 ‑ Supreme court justices; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.398 ‑ Supreme court justices; certificate of election.
     Section 168.399 ‑ Supreme court justices; term of office.
     Section 168.400 ‑ Supreme court justices; oath of office, deposit.
     Section 168.401 ‑ Supreme court justices; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.402 ‑ Supreme court justices; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.403 ‑ Supreme court justices; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing.
     Section 168.404 ‑ Office of supreme court justice; vacancy; appointment; election.
     Section 168.405 ‑ Supreme court justices; election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.406 ‑ Supreme court justices; not subject to recall.
116‑1954‑XVIIIA ‑ CHAPTER XVIIIA JUDGES OF THE COURT OF APPEALS (168.409...168.409n)
     Section 168.409 ‑ Office of judge of court of appeals; eligibility.
     Section 168.409a ‑ Candidates for appeals court judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election; omission.
     Section 168.409b ‑ Judge of court of appeals other than incumbent; candidate; nominating petitions; validity of filed petitions; using petition specifying new or existing judgeship to qualify candidate for another judicial office of same court prohibited; filing for election to more than 1 judgeship; incumbent judge as candidate in primary election; affidavit of candidacy; contents; primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (8).
     Section 168.409c ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.409d ‑ Candidates for judge of court of appeals; declaration of nominees; certification of nomination; death or disqualification of candidate.
     Section 168.409e ‑ Judge of court of appeals; election; death or disqualification of nominee; term of office.
     Section 168.409f ‑ Appeals court judges; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.409g ‑ Appeals court judges; certificate of election.
     Section 168.409h ‑ Appeals court judges; oath of office, filing.
     Section 168.409i ‑ Appeals court judges; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.409j ‑ Appeals court judges; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.409k ‑ Appeals court judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; vacancy, notice.
     Section 168.409l ‑ Judge of court of appeals; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.
     Section 168.409m ‑ Appeals court judges; primary or election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.409n ‑ Appeals court judges; not subject to recall.
116‑1954‑XIX ‑ CHAPTER XIX JUDGES OF THE CIRCUIT COURT (168.411...168.426)
     Section 168.411 ‑ Judge of circuit court; eligibility.
     Section 168.412 ‑ Candidates for circuit court judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election; omission.
     Section 168.413 ‑ Judge of circuit court; nominating petitions; filing; affidavit; receiving petitions; applicability of MCL 168.544a and 168.544b; receipt of incorrect or inaccurate written information from secretary of state or bureau of elections; equitable relief; challenge.
     Section 168.413a ‑ Incumbent circuit court judge; affidavit of candidacy.
     Section 168.414 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.415 ‑ Candidates for judge of circuit court; declaration of nominees; certification of nomination; death or disqualification of candidate.
     Section 168.416 ‑ Judge of circuit court; election; death or disqualification of nominee.
     Section 168.416a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.416b ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.416c ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.416d ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.417 ‑ Circuit court judges; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.418 ‑ Circuit court judges; preservation of statement and determination; certificate of election.
     Section 168.419 ‑ Circuit court judges; terms of office.
     Section 168.420 ‑ Circuit court judges; oath of office, filing.
     Section 168.421 ‑ Circuit court judges; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.422 ‑ Circuit court judges; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.423 ‑ Circuit court judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; vacancy, notice.
     Section 168.424 ‑ Judge of circuit court; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.
     Section 168.424a ‑ Primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; validity of filed petitions; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; filing for election to more than 1 circuit judgeship; withdrawal; office designation.
     Section 168.425 ‑ Circuit court judges; primary or election, recount of votes.
116‑1954‑XIXA ‑ CHAPTER XIXA JUDGES OF MUNICIPAL COURTS OF RECORD (168.426a...168.426n)
     Section 168.426 ‑ Circuit court judges; not subject to recall.
     Section 168.426a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426b ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426c ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426d ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426e ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426f ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426g ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426h ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426i ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426j ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426k ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426l ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426m ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.426n ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
116‑1954‑XX ‑ CHAPTER XX JUDGE OF PROBATE (168.431...168.446)
     Section 168.431 ‑ Judge of probate; eligibility.
     Section 168.432 ‑ Candidates for probate judge; nomination at general nonpartisan primary election; omission.
     Section 168.433 ‑ Judge of probate; candidate; nominating petitions; validity of filed petitions; filing for election to more than 1 probate judgeship; withdrawal; office designation; receipt of incorrect or inaccurate information from county clerk or secretary of state; equitable relief; challenge.
     Section 168.433a ‑ Incumbent probate court judge; affidavit of candidacy.
     Section 168.434 ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.435 ‑ Candidates for judge of probate court; declaration of nominees; certification of nominations; death or disqualification of candidate.
     Section 168.435a ‑ Primary and general election for 2 or more probate judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (2); incumbent judge as candidate; printing designation of office on ballot.
     Section 168.436 ‑ Judge or judges of probate; election in probate court district and county; death or disqualification of nominee.
     Section 168.436a‑168.436c ‑ Repealed. 1982, Act 149, Imd. Eff. May 6, 1982.
     Section 168.436d ‑ Probate judges; time of election.
     Section 168.437 ‑ Probate judges; certificate of election by board of county canvassers.
     Section 168.438 ‑ Probate judges; certificate of election.
     Section 168.439 ‑ Probate judges; term of office.
     Section 168.440 ‑ Probate judges; oath of office.
     Section 168.441 ‑ Probate judges; resignation, notice.
     Section 168.442 ‑ Probate judges; vacancy, creation.
     Section 168.443 ‑ Probate judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; notice of vacancy.
     Section 168.444 ‑ Judge of probate; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.
     Section 168.445 ‑ Probate judges; primary or election, recount of votes.
     Section 168.446 ‑ Probate judges; not subject to recall.
116‑1954‑XXI ‑ CHAPTER XXI CIRCUIT COURT COMMISSIONER (168.451...168.466)
     Section 168.451‑168.458 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.
     Section 168.459 ‑ Repealed. 1960, Act 69, Eff. Aug. 17, 1960;—1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.
     Section 168.460‑168.466 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 35, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.
116‑1954‑XXIA ‑ CHAPTER XXIA JUDGES OF THE DISTRICT COURT (168.467...168.467p)
     Section 168.467 ‑ Judge of district court; eligibility.
     Section 168.467a ‑ Judge of district court; general nonpartisan primary election; time; certification by secretary of state of candidates to be nominees; omission of office from judicial primary ballot.
     Section 168.467b ‑ Judge of district court; candidate; nominating petitions; validity of filed petitions; filing for election to more than 1 district judgeship; withdrawal; office designation; receipt of incorrect or inaccurate information from secretary of state or bureau of elections; equitable relief; challenge.
     Section 168.467c ‑ Incumbent district court judge as candidate in primary election; affidavit of candidacy; contents; printing name on ballot; primary and general election for 2 or more judgeships; listing categories of candidates on ballot; death or disqualification of incumbent judge; application of subsection (4).
     Section 168.467d ‑ Candidates for nomination; withdrawal; notice.
     Section 168.467e ‑ Candidates for judge of district court; declaration of nominees; certification of nomination; death or disqualification of candidate.
     Section 168.467f ‑ Judge of district court; election; death or disqualification of nominee.
     Section 168.467g ‑ District court judges; certificate of determination by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.467h ‑ District court judges; certificate of election.
     Section 168.467i ‑ Judge of district court; term of office.
     Section 168.467j ‑ District court judges; oath of office.
     Section 168.467k ‑ District court judges; resignation.
     Section 168.467l ‑ District court judges; impeachment; removal from office, service of charges, hearing; notice of vacancy.
     Section 168.467m ‑ Judge of district court; appointment to fill vacancy; election of successor; term.
     Section 168.467n ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.467p ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
116‑1954‑XXII ‑ CHAPTER XXII INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM (168.471...168.488)
     Section 168.471 ‑ Petitions proposing constitutional amendments; filing; signature requirements.
     Section 168.472 ‑ Initiative petitions; filing.
     Section 168.472a ‑ Petition; signatures to be counted.
     Section 168.473 ‑ Referendum petitions; filing.
     Section 168.473b ‑ Filing petition after November election.
     Section 168.474 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.
     Section 168.474a ‑ Assignment of number designation to appear on ballot for question submitted on statewide basis.
     Section 168.475 ‑ Filing of petition; notificaton of board of state canvassers; supplemental filings.
     Section 168.476 ‑ Petitions; canvass by board of state canvassers; use of qualified voter file; hearing upon complaint; investigations; completion date; disposition of challenges; report.
     Section 168.477 ‑ Petition and initiative petition; official declaration of sufficiency or insufficiency by board of state canvassers; publication of statement of purpose; expense; effectiveness of law that is subject of referendum.
     Section 168.478 ‑ Petitions; notice of approval or rejection by board of state canvassers to persons filing.
     Section 168.479 ‑ Review of determination; mandamus, certiorari or other remedy; legal challenge to supreme court.
     Section 168.480 ‑ Proposed constitutional amendment or question; certification; copies to voting precincts; posting.
     Section 168.481 ‑ Proposed constitutional amendment or question; form.
     Section 168.482 ‑ Petitions; size; form; contents.
     Section 168.482a ‑ Paid signature gatherer; affidavit; invalidity of signatures.
     Section 168.482b ‑ Summary of purpose of the proposed amendment or question; requirements; approval by the board of state canvassers; form.
     Section 168.482c ‑ Knowingly made a false statement regarding status as a paid or volunteer signature gatherer; misdemeanor.
     Section 168.482d ‑ "Paid signature gatherer" defined.
     Section 168.482e ‑ Prohibited conduct; misdemeanor; felony; penalties.
     Section 168.483, 168.484 ‑ Repealed. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966.
     Section 168.483a ‑ Amendment to constitution or initiation of legislation; filing and circulation of petition; submission of petition language to public on internet; effective date.
     Section 168.485 ‑ Questions submitted to electors; form.
     Section 168.486 ‑ Certifying and transmitting language of constitutional amendment or legislation initiated by petition.
     Section 168.487 ‑ Reimbursement to county, city, and township for cost of conducting special election.
     Section 168.488 ‑ Applicability of MCL 168.544c and 168.482(1), (4), (5), and (6).
116‑1954‑XXIII ‑ CHAPTER XXIII REGISTRATION OF ELECTORS (168.491...168.530)
     Section 168.491 ‑ Inspectors of election, primary election, or special election; vote of registered electors.
     Section 168.492 ‑ Qualifications for registration as elector.
     Section 168.492a ‑ Registration of persons confined in jail.
     Section 168.493 ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.
     Section 168.493a ‑ Automatic voter registration; qualifications; option to opt-out; information added to qualified voter file; erroneous registration not a violation.
     Section 168.494 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.495 ‑ Registration application; contents.
     Section 168.495a ‑ Repealed. 2011, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2011.
     Section 168.496 ‑ Registration of electors; duties of secretary of state.
     Section 168.497 ‑ Application for registration; in-person or by mail or online; application; proof of residency; identification for election purposes; affidavit; execution; notice; exception.
     Section 168.497a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.497c ‑ Voter registration; presenting identification for election purposes; affidavit.
     Section 168.498 ‑ Clerk of township or city; office hours, days, and place for receiving applications for registration; public notice; agreement to jointly publish public notice.
     Section 168.499 ‑ Registration of elector; registration application; oaths; interpreter; false material statement as misdemeanor; accepting fee as misdemeanor; voter identification card; effect of voter identification card returned to post office.
     Section 168.499a‑168.499d ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.
     Section 168.499e ‑ Same day voter registration; application approval; receipt.
     Section 168.500 ‑ Voter registration of applicant; procedure for applicant unable to write or sign name because of physical disability.
     Section 168.500a ‑ Registration or change in registration of person applying for renewal of operator's or chauffeur's license; application; contents; signing application; verification receipt; forwarding application to county clerk or city or township clerk.
     Section 168.500b ‑ Forwarding application for registration to clerk of city or township; compensation of county clerks; obtaining additional information; transmitting application to appropriate clerk; electronic transmission of address change.
     Section 168.500c ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.500d ‑ Elections in which applicant permitted to vote; determination and notice of nonqualification; presenting validated voter registration application receipt at polls.
     Section 168.500e ‑ Preparation of registration forms; notice of cancellation.
     Section 168.500f ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 523, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013.
     Section 168.500g ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005.
     Section 168.500h ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.500i ‑ "Agent" defined.
     Section 168.500j ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.501 ‑ Master registration cards; master file.
     Section 168.501a ‑ Repealed. 2005, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 14, 2005.
     Section 168.502 ‑ Custody of master file.
     Section 168.502a ‑ Repealed. 1989, Act 142, Eff. Dec. 1, 1990.
     Section 168.503 ‑ Destruction or mutilation of registration records; request for back-up file from secretary of state; reregistration.
     Section 168.504 ‑ Repealed. 2006, Act 605, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007
     Section 168.505 ‑ Authorization to cancel previous registration; signature; form; notice of cancellation; effect of previous address in another state; duties of clerk; authorization to cancel or notice received from another state.
     Section 168.506 ‑ Change of residence within township or city; transfer of registration by clerk.
     Section 168.506a ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.
     Section 168.507 ‑ Execution of transfer of registration request; comparison of signatures; certification; filing application for transfer; proper name of street or resident house number; notice; eligibility to vote.
     Section 168.507a ‑ Moving to another township or city; voting at place of last registration; affidavit; forms; cancellation of registration; voting in person or by absentee ballot.
     Section 168.507b ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.508 ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.
     Section 168.509 ‑ Repealed. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004.
     Section 168.509a ‑ Repealed. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004.
     Section 168.509b‑168.509l ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.
     Section 168.509m ‑ Purpose of MCL 168.509m to 168.509ii; definitions.
     Section 168.509n ‑ Secretary of state; duties.
     Section 168.509o ‑ Qualified voter file; establishment and maintenance; individuals considered registered voters; signed application; development and use of process to update qualified voter file; availability of canceled voter registration information; participation in multistate programs or services; limitations.
     Section 168.509p ‑ Qualified voter file; components.
     Section 168.509q ‑ Qualified voter file; information to be contained for each voter.
     Section 168.509r ‑ Qualified voter file; establishment and maintenance of computer system and programs; access; verification of accuracy; compilation of electors; sources; person whose name does not appear in file; requirements; adding, deleting, or changing information; inactive voter file.
     Section 168.509s ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.509t ‑ Person considered registered voter; persons required to vote in person; exceptions; prosecution not precluded in state.
     Section 168.509u ‑ List designating executive departments, state agencies, or other offices performing voter registration activities; armed forces recruitment office as voter registration agency.
     Section 168.509v ‑ Registration to vote at certain locations, by mail, or online.
     Section 168.509w ‑ Person processing application; duties; transmitting application; cost of forwarding application.
     Section 168.509x ‑ Application considered as received; requirements.
     Section 168.509y ‑ Repealed. 2004, Act 92, Imd. Eff. Apr. 26, 2004.
     Section 168.509z ‑ Notice to clerk of certain information.
     Section 168.509aa ‑ Updating registration upon receipt of certain information; duties of clerk; instruction by clerk to challenge voter; cancellation of registration; notice that registered voter has moved out of state.
     Section 168.509bb ‑ Failure to vote; cancellation of registration prohibited.
     Section 168.509cc ‑ Challenge of registration; response by voter; duties of clerk.
     Section 168.509dd ‑ Program to register voters or remove names.
     Section 168.509ee ‑ Transmission of report by voter registration agency to secretary of state.
     Section 168.509ff ‑ Records; purpose; maintenance; availability to public; names and addresses to whom notice sent.
     Section 168.509gg ‑ Information exempt from freedom of information act.
     Section 168.509hh ‑ Capture or reproduction of signature.
     Section 168.509ii ‑ Electronic voter registration interface; requirements; application; qualifications; disqualifications.
     Section 168.510 ‑ Deceased electors; cancellation of registration.
     Section 168.511 ‑ Cancellation of registration; authorization from elector.
     Section 168.512 ‑ Challenge of elector; affidavit, contents; answering affidavit; cancellation of registration; indiscriminate challenge, penalty.
     Section 168.513 ‑ Repealed. 1994, Act 441, Imd. Eff. Jan. 10, 1995.
     Section 168.514 ‑ Cancellation of registration; reinstatement prohibited.
     Section 168.515 ‑ Registration records; verification by house-to-house canvass.
     Section 168.516 ‑ Registration records; public inspection.
     Section 168.517 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.518 ‑ Organization of new township; first registration of electors; records; notice; incorporation of new city; registration records; annexation to city; statement by township clerk.
     Section 168.519 ‑ Illegal or fraudulent registration; penalty.
     Section 168.520 ‑ Illegal or fraudulent registration; township or city clerk, powers and duties; assistance by police or sheriff; assistant examiners, appointment, expenses.
     Section 168.521 ‑ Illegal or fraudulent registration; removal of names; notice; reinstatement; review by mandamus; challenge.
     Section 168.522 ‑ Making, certifying, and delivering computer tape, disk, or listing of names and addresses of registered electors; year, month, and day of birth of elector; information exempt from disclosure.
     Section 168.522a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 125, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.523 ‑ Identification of registered elector; presenting identification for election purposes; execution of application; challenge; affidavit; approval, initial, and notation of application; application as poll list; filing application; notations on cards or lists; record of voting participation.
     Section 168.523a ‑ Individual not listed on voter registration list; issuance of ballot; procedure.
     Section 168.524 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 603, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2018.
     Section 168.530 ‑ Repealed. 1999, Act 216, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 1999.
116‑1954‑XXIV ‑ CHAPTER XXIV PRIMARY ELECTIONS (168.531...168.588)
     Section 168.531 ‑ Primary elections; nomination of candidates by direct vote.
     Section 168.532 ‑ Nomination by caucus or convention where principal candidate receives less than 5% of vote cast for candidates for secretary of state.
     Section 168.533 ‑ Applicability of act.
     Section 168.534 ‑ General primary; time; party candidates; condition to nomination.
     Section 168.535 ‑ General primary; nomination of nonpartisan candidates.
     Section 168.536, 168.537 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
     Section 168.538 ‑ Primary election; notice; posting; publication.
     Section 168.539 ‑ City and county primary elections; not held when no opposition; certification of candidates; notice to city and township clerks, public notice.
     Section 168.540 ‑ Nonpartisan primary elections; when not held; certification of candidates.
     Section 168.541 ‑ District primary elections; not held when no opposition; certification of candidates; notice to city and township clerks.
     116‑1954‑XXIV‑PREPARATION‑AND‑FILING-OF‑NOMINATING‑PETITIONS;-FEES ‑ PREPARATION AND FILING OF NOMINATING PETITIONS; FEES (168.542...168.558)
          Section 168.542 ‑ Nominating petitions; provisions governing.
          Section 168.543, 168.544 ‑ Repealed. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966.
          Section 168.544a ‑ Nonpartisan nominating petitions; size, form, contents.
          Section 168.544b ‑ Candidates for judicial office; affidavit of qualifications to be filed with nominating petitions.
          Section 168.544c ‑ Nominating petition; type size; form; contents; circulation and signing; validity of elector's signature; agreement of circulator to accept jurisdiction; service with legal process; violations; misdemeanor; felony; sanctions; refusal of individual to comply with subpoena; applicability of section to all sections.
          Section 168.544d ‑ Nominating petitions for offices and purposes; circulation; form; identification of city or township; certificate of circulator; other form not prohibited.
          Section 168.544e ‑ Canvassing petitions; number designations for months.
          Section 168.544f ‑ Number of signatures required.
          Section 168.545 ‑ Nominating petitions; combination of two offices.
          Section 168.546 ‑ Nominating petitions; supply by county and city clerks; printing by candidate.
          Section 168.547 ‑ Repealed. 1965, Act 312, Eff. Jan. 1, 1966.
          Section 168.547a ‑ Nominating petitions; signatures by voters, number, counting.
          Section 168.548 ‑ Nominating petitions; maximum number of signatures.
          Section 168.549 ‑ Nominating petitions; excess signatures, counting.
          Section 168.550 ‑ Candidates for nomination; qualification upon compliance with act.
          Section 168.551 ‑ Nominating petitions or filing fees; filing period.
          Section 168.551a ‑ Repealed. 1956, Act 37, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 1956.
          Section 168.552 ‑ Nominating petitions; certification by county or city clerk; sworn complaint; investigation to determine validity of signatures and genuineness of petition; examination of petitions; declaration of sufficiency or insufficiency of petitions; review; filing of nominating petitions with secretary of state; notification; canvass of petitions; hearing; subpoenas; oaths; adjournment; completion of canvass; availability to public; declaration; request for notice of approval or rejection of petition; judicial review; use of qualified voter file; certification to boards of election commissioners.
          Section 168.552a ‑ Validity of petition or signature.
          Section 168.553 ‑ Nominating petitions; insufficiency, notice to candidate.
          Section 168.554 ‑ List of candidates; posting.
          Section 168.554a ‑ Repealed. 1971, Act 5, Eff. Mar. 30, 1972.
          Section 168.555 ‑ Nominating petitions and filing fees; public record, contents; public inspection.
          Section 168.556 ‑ Nominating petitions; final disposition, record.
          Section 168.557 ‑ Repealed. 2002, Act 163, Imd. Eff. Apr. 9, 2002.
          Section 168.558 ‑ Filing nominating petition, qualifying petition, filing fee, or affidavit of candidacy; affidavit of identity; requirement to indicate name change; exception; statement; noncompliance; selection of office to which candidacy restricted; failure to make selection; perjury separate violation.
     116‑1954‑XXIV‑PREPARATION‑AND‑DISTRIBUTION-OF‑BALLOTS ‑ PREPARATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF BALLOTS (168.559...168.573)
          Section 168.559 ‑ Official primary election ballots; preparation, distribution.
          Section 168.560 ‑ Ballots; use; size.
          Section 168.560a ‑ General election ballot; listing political party and name; qualification.
          Section 168.560b ‑ Name appearing on ballot; change; appearance of given and middle name; nickname; common law name; married name; violation.
          Section 168.561 ‑ Official primary election ballots; offices for which name of candidate to be included; filing request for clarifying designation of same or similar surnames; notice of determination; appeal; printing occupation, date of birth, or residence of candidate; incumbency designation; guidelines.
          Section 168.561a ‑ Official ballots; designation of candidate with same given and surname as incumbent.
          Section 168.562 ‑ Official ballots; delegates to county convention.
          Section 168.562a ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
          Section 168.562b ‑ Election as delegate to state convention or national convention; signing affidavit; voting for presidential candidate; filing affidavit.
          Section 168.563 ‑ Primary election ballots; number; weight and color of paper; printing and arrangement.
          Section 168.564 ‑ Official ballots; failure of party to file required petitions, party ballot not printed.
          Section 168.565 ‑ Filing, mailing, and correcting proof copies of ballots; affidavit.
          Section 168.566 ‑ Official primary ballots; posting for public inspection.
          Section 168.567 ‑ Official primary ballots; errors, correction by board of election commissioners.
          Section 168.568 ‑ Official primary election ballots; form; order and title of offices.
          Section 168.569 ‑ Official primary ballots; numbering; separation of columns.
          Section 168.569a ‑ Rotation of names; manner; effect of using absent voter counting board; section applicable to nonpartisan general elections and municipal elections.
          Section 168.570 ‑ Paper ballots; numbering; identification; function of and requirements for detachable corner stub; distribution of ballots; form.
          Section 168.570a ‑ Official primary ballot; candidates for township offices; party qualification.
          Section 168.571 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 57, Imd. Eff. Dec. 27, 1963.
          Section 168.572 ‑ Official primary ballots; provision for write-in votes.
          Section 168.573 ‑ Official primary ballots; packaging, seal, certification.
     116‑1954‑XXIV‑CONDUCT‑OF‑PRIMARY-ELECTIONS ‑ CONDUCT OF PRIMARY ELECTIONS (168.574...168.580)
          Section 168.574 ‑ Primary election; board of primary election inspectors, membership.
          Section 168.575 ‑ Primary elections; furnishing ballots to electors.
          Section 168.576 ‑ Marking ballot; voting for person not on ballot; effect of voting more than 1 party ticket; section subject to MCL 168.736a.
          Section 168.576a ‑ Primary elections; electors, number of votes.
          Section 168.577 ‑ Primary elections; electors, folding and delivery of ballots.
          Section 168.578 ‑ Primary elections; poll list, comparison of ballot number.
          Section 168.579 ‑ Primary elections; electors; exposure of ballot; rejection; applicability of section under MCL 168.736a.
          Section 168.580 ‑ Counting ballots; candidates considered to have received votes; rejection of ballot.
     116‑1954‑XXIV‑CANVASSING‑OF‑PRIMARY-RETURNS ‑ CANVASSING OF PRIMARY RETURNS (168.581...168.583)
          Section 168.581 ‑ Primary elections; canvass of returns and declaration of results.
          Section 168.582 ‑ Person voted for on party ballot whose name is not printed on ballot and who has not filed nominating petition; votes required for nomination.
          Section 168.583 ‑ Primary election day; service of civil process on electors prohibited.
     116‑1954‑XXIV‑VOTING‑MACHINES‑AT-PRIMARIES ‑ VOTING MACHINES AT PRIMARIES (168.584...168.588)
          Section 168.584 ‑ Voting machines authorized in primaries.
          Section 168.585 ‑ Primary elections; use of voting machines; supplementary ballots.
          Section 168.586 ‑ Provisions applicable to use of voting machines; appearance of names of candidates; determination of feasibility.
          Section 168.587 ‑ Primary elections; voting machines, straight ticket and excess voting prevented.
          Section 168.588 ‑ Primary elections; voting machines, number in precinct.
116‑1954‑XXIVA ‑ CHAPTER XXIVA CANDIDATES WITHOUT POLITICAL PARTY AFFILIATION (168.590...168.590h)
     Section 168.590 ‑ Qualifying petition; filing; filing fee in lieu of petition prohibited; qualifications.
     Section 168.590a ‑ Qualifying petition; form, size, and contents; circulation on countywide basis.
     Section 168.590b ‑ Qualifying petition; signatures; time.
     Section 168.590c ‑ Qualifying petition; filing; time; filing notice of withdrawal.
     Section 168.590d ‑ Filing name of person to appear on ballot as candidate for lieutenant governor; form; qualification; noncompliance; filing name of person to appear on ballot as candidate for vice-president; qualifications and number of presidential electors; form; noncompliance.
     Section 168.590e ‑ Providing blank qualifying petition forms.
     Section 168.590f ‑ Applicability of certain provisions; canvass; hearing; certification.
     Section 168.590g ‑ Person filing qualifying petition; restrictions; selecting single office to which candidacy restricted; failure to make selection.
     Section 168.590h ‑ Qualifying petition; size; type size; form; reference to political party prohibited; prohibited conduct; violations; misdemeanor; felony; penalties.
116‑1954‑XXV ‑ CHAPTER XXV DELEGATES, CONVENTIONS AND PARTY COMMITTEES (168.591...168.620a)
     Section 168.591 ‑ Commencement of state convention in even numbered years; date, time, and location; issuance of calls.
     Section 168.592 ‑ County conventions in even numbered years; purpose; time; designation of date, place, and hour of meeting; issuance of call; number of delegates; counties having 2 or more congressional districts; committee; temporary chairperson; organization; election and certification of delegates.
     Section 168.593 ‑ State conventions in odd years; time, issuance of calls; apportionment of delegates among counties.
     Section 168.594 ‑ County convention in odd years; time and place, issuance of call; election of delegates to state convention; congressional district conventions, committee, temporary chairman, election of delegates, certification.
     Section 168.595 ‑ Delegates to state conventions; apportionment to wards, precincts, townships or districts; basis.
     Section 168.595a ‑ Delegates to state convention; legislators as delegates at large, alternates, vote.
     Section 168.596 ‑ Fall conventions and spring conventions; definition.
     Section 168.597 ‑ State central committee; members, officers, term of service.
     Section 168.598 ‑ State central committee; forwarding copy of call for fall state convention; apportionment of delegates; allocation of additional delegates.
     Section 168.599 ‑ Executive committee; selection by delegates to fall county convention in county with population of less than 1,500,000; replacement of former nominee; vacancy; appointment of officers; certification of names and addresses; temporary officers; proxy; county committee; delegates at large; vacancy in district delegation.
     Section 168.600 ‑ Congressional district conventions and caucuses; election and terms of officers and committee.
     Section 168.600a ‑ Congressional district officers; residence requirement, exception.
     Section 168.601 ‑ County comprising single congressional or judicial district; county committee.
     Section 168.602 ‑ County comprising more than one congressional district; county committee.
     Section 168.603 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 189, Eff. Nov. 2, 1967.
     Section 168.603a ‑ Counties over 400,000; legislators as members of congressional district committee and delegates at large.
     Section 168.604 ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990.
     Section 168.605 ‑ Delegates to fall county convention; write-in candidates.
     Section 168.606 ‑ Delegates to fall county convention; election, notice.
     Section 168.607 ‑ Delegates to fall county convention; election; votes required; tie vote; determination by lot.
     Section 168.608 ‑ Certifying and recording names of delegates; notification of delegates; certification of delegates to county conventions; definition.
     Section 168.609 ‑ Delegates to city or county convention; proxy prohibited; vacancies in delegation.
     Section 168.610 ‑ Repealed. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976.
     Section 168.611 ‑ Reconvening of delegates in county convention; election of delegates to state convention; day, time, and place of county convention; definitions.
     Section 168.612 ‑ Precinct or convention delegate; age.
     Section 168.613 ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.613a ‑ Statewide presidential primary election; time; limitation on participation; conduct.
     Section 168.613c ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.614 ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.614a ‑ List of potential presidential candidates; issuance; filing; notice.
     Section 168.615 ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.615a ‑ Printing name of presidential candidate on ballot; filing affidavit; filing nominating petition; signatures; conformity; rotation of names on ballot; space to vote uncommitted.
     Section 168.615c ‑ Selection of political party ballot by elector; separate record; disclosure; record retention.
     Section 168.616 ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.616a ‑ Canvass of returns; certification of results; release of ballots, ballot boxes, voting machines, and equipment.
     Section 168.617 ‑ Repealed. 1975, Act 325, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1976.
     Section 168.618 ‑ Allocation of delegates to national convention; qualifications of delegates; selection procedures.
     Section 168.619 ‑ National convention delegates; basis of election; affidavit; certification; duration of commitment; vacancy; legislator prohibited from selecting delegates; participation of legislator in convention business; opportunity of registered elector or public official to be elected as delegate not restricted.
     Section 168.620 ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.620a ‑ Law applicable to selection of delegates; state or national political party rule.
116‑1954‑XXVI ‑ CHAPTER XXVI DELEGATES—REFERENDUM (168.621...168.626)
     Section 168.621 ‑ Party convention delegates; nomination.
     Section 168.622 ‑ County conventions; time and place; election and duties of chairperson; vacancies; rules and regulations.
     Section 168.623 ‑ Repealed. 1972, Act 60, Imd. Eff. Feb. 22, 1972.
     Section 168.623a ‑ Mailing or delivering certificate showing number of delegates to county convention; time; notice; failure to forward certificate; allotment and apportionment of delegates; election of delegates by direct vote.
     Section 168.624 ‑ Delegate to county or district conventions; qualifications; affidavit of identity; seating of delegates; violation as misdemeanor; complaint; procedure.
     Section 168.624a ‑ Precinct delegate; resignation; notice; withdrawal of name from ballot; qualification of delegate to participate in convention; complaint regarding qualification of delegate; report; certification that delegate not qualified to hold office.
     Section 168.624b, 168.624c ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.624d ‑ Filling vacancies in precincts.
     Section 168.624e ‑ Expired. 1972, Act 185, Eff. Jan. 1, 1973.
     Section 168.624f ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
     Section 168.624g ‑ Cost of conducting presidential primary election; reimbursement; payment upon presentation and approval of verified account; excluded costs; compensation for processing voter identification cards; implementation of subsection (3); appropriation; qualification for reimbursement; payment or disapproval of verified account.
     Section 168.625 ‑ Voting delegate ballot; returns; notice; furnishing names and addresses of delegates to county convention; tie vote; determination of successful candidate; determining if candidate is registered elector.
     Section 168.626 ‑ Ballots; preparation; consecutive numbering; contents; paper; printing; rotation of names prohibited; delivery; distribution; time; voting machines.
116‑1954‑XXVII ‑ CHAPTER XXVII SPECIAL PRIMARIES AND ELECTIONS (168.631... 168.640)
     Section 168.631 ‑ Special primary election; time.
     Section 168.632 ‑ Special elections; in absence of choice for representative in congress.
     Section 168.633 ‑ Special elections; vacancy in office of representative in congress.
     Section 168.634 ‑ Vacancy in office of state senator or representative; special or general election; selection and certification of candidate; separate ballot; notice.
     Section 168.634a ‑ Repealed. 1970, Act 10, Imd. Eff. Mar. 31, 1970.
     Section 168.635 ‑ Special elections; proposition.
     Section 168.636 ‑ Applicability of act to special primary elections.
     Section 168.637 ‑ Primary elections; provisions governing.
     Section 168.638 ‑ Special elections; notice.
     Section 168.639, 168.640 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
116‑1954‑XXVIII ‑ CHAPTER XXVIII HOLDING OF ELECTIONS (168.641...168.799a)
     Section 168.641 ‑ Regular election date; primary election; special election; direction and supervision of election consolidation; short title of section.
     Section 168.642 ‑ Regular election or regular primary election held by city or village.
     Section 168.642a ‑ Change of regular election schedule.
     Section 168.642c ‑ Regular election for office of school board member.
     Section 168.643 ‑ General election; officers to be elected.
     Section 168.643a ‑ Referendums; questions submitted to electors; form.
     Section 168.644 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964.
     Section 168.644a‑168.644c ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.644e ‑ Odd year general election; nomination at odd year primary election; candidate filing deadline or certification deadline.
     Section 168.644f ‑ Nominating petitions; filing; signatures; omission of nonpartisan petition requirement in law or charter; filing deadline; adjustment; city subject to subsections (4) and (5); city subject to subsection (7); civil fine; payment.
     Section 168.644g ‑ Terms of office; extension.
     Section 168.644h ‑ Time of taking office.
     Section 168.644i ‑ Manner of conducting elections.
     Section 168.644j‑168.644l ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.645 ‑ Repealed. 1958, Act 192, Eff. Sept. 13, 1958.
     Section 168.646 ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.646a ‑ Election of local officer; nomination; certification of ballot wording; applicability of provisions.
     Section 168.646b ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
     Section 168.646c ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 12, 1990.
     Section 168.646d ‑ Repealed. 1980, Act 188, Imd. Eff. July 3, 1980.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑NOTICES‑OF‑ELECTION ‑ NOTICES OF ELECTION (168.647...168.653a)
          Section 168.647 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.648 ‑ Notice of elections to county clerk; time, contents.
          Section 168.649 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.
          Section 168.649a ‑ Airport authority referendum; petitions, filing; submission.
          Section 168.650 ‑ Subsequent vacancy; additional notice to county clerks.
          Section 168.651 ‑ Special election; notice to county clerks, contents.
          Section 168.652 ‑ Special elections; notice to city and township clerks, contents.
          Section 168.653 ‑ Repealed. 1982, Act 2, Imd. Eff. Jan. 27, 1982.
          Section 168.653a ‑ Election notice; publication; form; agreement to jointly publish notice.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑ELECTION‑PRECINCTS ‑ ELECTION PRECINCTS (168.654...168.661)
          Section 168.654 ‑ Election precincts; definition.
          Section 168.654a ‑ Election precinct; composition; "clearly observable boundaries" defined.
          Section 168.655 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.656 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.657 ‑ Election precincts; division, rearrangement.
          Section 168.658 ‑ Election precincts; consolidation.
          Section 168.659 ‑ Consolidation of election precincts.
          Section 168.660 ‑ Subdivision, alteration, or rearrangement of precincts; record; numbers of precincts; description of boundaries; notice; abolition of division into precincts.
          Section 168.661 ‑ Precincts using voting machines; number of machines; division or rearrangement of precincts; notices; expenses; use of paper ballots; time limitations on division of precincts; division of precincts following federal census; determining number of registered voters.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑POLLING‑PLACES-EQUIPMENT‑SUPPLIES ‑ POLLING PLACES, EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES (168.662...168.683)
          Section 168.662 ‑ Designating place of holding election in city, village, or township; polling places; use of publicly owned or controlled buildings; rental or erection of buildings; facilities; central polling places; abolishment; compliance with voting accessibility.
          Section 168.663 ‑ Polling places; erection of barriers.
          Section 168.664 ‑ Polling places; booths or temporary rooms, specifications.
          Section 168.665 ‑ Polling places; forms, stationery and supplies; provision, delivery, approval by state bureau of elections.
          Section 168.666 ‑ Metal seals; paper seals; blank forms for returns.
          Section 168.666a ‑ Sealing devices for ballot boxes or containers.
          Section 168.667 ‑ Election supplies to be furnished at county expense.
          Section 168.668 ‑ Delivery of voter registration list, forms, and other supplies.
          Section 168.668a ‑ Voter information displays.
          Section 168.668b ‑ Electronic poll book software; timeline for processing voters and generating election precinct reports.
          Section 168.669 ‑ Items to be provided by city or township board of election commissioners.
          Section 168.669a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.670 ‑ Local primaries and elections; ballots, forms, stationery and supplies.
          Section 168.671 ‑ Blank forms for returns; seals.
          Section 168.672 ‑ Board of inspectors of elections; presence in precinct polling places.
          Section 168.673 ‑ Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
          Section 168.673a ‑ Election inspector; submission of list of interested individuals.
          Section 168.674 ‑ Precinct election inspector; appointment; chairperson; political party membership; challenge; vacancies.
          Section 168.675 ‑ Precinct election inspectors; vacancies during election.
          Section 168.676 ‑ Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
          Section 168.677 ‑ Precinct election inspector; qualifications; application; contents; candidates ineligible; appointment.
          Section 168.678 ‑ Board of election inspectors; authority.
          Section 168.679 ‑ Counting board; membership; appointment; duties; applicability of MCL 168.662 to place of performance.
          Section 168.679a ‑ Receiving board; appointment and duties of inspectors; review of poll book and statement of returns; corrective action; delivery.
          Section 168.680 ‑ Precinct election inspectors; oath of office.
          Section 168.681 ‑ Repealed. 1980, Act 188, Imd. Eff. July 3, 1980.
          Section 168.682 ‑ Election officials; compensation.
          Section 168.683 ‑ Election inspectors; instruction, compensation, vacancy.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑PREPARATION‑PRINTING-AND‑DELIVERY‑OF‑OFFICIAL-BALLOTS ‑ PREPARATION, PRINTING AND DELIVERY OF OFFICIAL BALLOTS (168.684...168.719)
          Section 168.684 ‑ Repealed. 2017, Act 113, Eff. Oct. 25, 2017.
          Section 168.685 ‑ Candidate of new political party; printing name on ballot; certificate; petitions; form; circulation; disqualification and requalification of party; "principal candidate of a political party" defined; party subject to MCL 168.686a; prohibited conduct; violations; misdemeanor; felony; penalties.
          Section 168.686 ‑ State convention; canvass of returns; certification of nominees; presidential and vice-presidential candidates.
          Section 168.686a ‑ Nomination by caucus or convention where no candidate polls 5% of vote cast for candidates for secretary of state.
          Section 168.686b ‑ Nonmajor political party; notice of county caucus or state convention.
          Section 168.687 ‑ Certification of nominations by board of canvassers.
          Section 168.688 ‑ Certificates of nomination; delivery.
          Section 168.689 ‑ Official ballots; preparation, printing.
          Section 168.690 ‑ Official ballots; delivery to township or city clerks; duties.
          Section 168.691 ‑ Official ballots; names of candidates; identification numeral; compliance.
          Section 168.692 ‑ Nomination by more than 1 party; choice; nomination for more than 1 office.
          Section 168.692a ‑ Qualifying petition not to be filed by certain persons.
          Section 168.693 ‑ Nomination by more than 1 party or for more than 1 office; failure to make choice; procedure.
          Section 168.694 ‑ Applicability of certain sections.
          Section 168.695 ‑ Ineligibility of candidate at subsequent election.
          Section 168.696 ‑ Printing name of candidate for federal, state, district, county, and township offices on 1 ballot; placement; filing request for clarifying designation of same or similar surnames; notice of determination; appeal; printing occupation, date of birth, or residence of candidate; incumbency designation; guidelines.
          Section 168.697 ‑ General November election; order of placing offices on ballot.
          Section 168.698 ‑ Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
          Section 168.699 ‑ Nonpartisan offices; placement on separate portion of ballot; order of listing offices.
          Section 168.700 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964.
          Section 168.701 ‑ Repealed. 1963, 2nd Ex. Sess., Act 56, Eff. Mar. 24, 1964.
          Section 168.702 ‑ Official ballots; placing of name to fill vacancy.
          Section 168.703 ‑ Official ballots; position of parties.
          Section 168.703a ‑ Repealed. 1988, Act 116, Imd. Eff. May 2, 1988.
          Section 168.704 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.705 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.706 ‑ Official ballot; arrangement; basis.
          Section 168.707 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 276, Eff. Aug. 16, 2012.
          Section 168.708 ‑ Proposed constitutional amendment or question; statement of purpose, publication.
          Section 168.709 ‑ Proposed constitutional amendment or question; statement of purpose, copies to voting precincts, posting.
          Section 168.710 ‑ Proposed constitutional amendment or question; proof copies of ballots, filing, public inspection.
          Section 168.711 ‑ Filing and mailing proof copies of ballots; affidavit; certification; correction and printing of ballots; forwarding copy to secretary of state.
          Section 168.712 ‑ Ballots; omissions or mistakes; reprinting.
          Section 168.713 ‑ Delivery of ballots and supplies to county clerk.
          Section 168.714 ‑ Delivery of ballots and supplies to township and city clerks; receipt of delivery; deadlines.
          Section 168.715 ‑ Absent voters' and other ballots; duties of township and city clerks, delivery to voting precinct boards of election inspectors.
          Section 168.716 ‑ Absent voters' and other ballots; wrapping, sealing.
          Section 168.717 ‑ Absent voters' ballots; numbering, packaging, marking.
          Section 168.717a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.718 ‑ Official ballots; printer, acts prohibited; instruction ballots, printing.
          Section 168.719 ‑ City and township election commissions; party committees; duties; proof of ballot; public inspection.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑CONDUCT‑OF‑ELECTIONS-AND‑MANNER‑OF‑VOTING ‑ CONDUCT OF ELECTIONS AND MANNER OF VOTING (168.720...168.750)
          Section 168.720 ‑ Polls; times of opening and closing.
          Section 168.721 ‑ Polls; opening and closing governed by central standard time.
          Section 168.722 ‑ Polls; announcement of opening and closing.
          Section 168.723 ‑ Ballot boxes; examination, locking.
          Section 168.724 ‑ Ballots; opening packages; distribution of pencils; unused absent voters' ballots.
          Section 168.725 ‑ Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
          Section 168.726 ‑ Ballots; delivery to elector.
          Section 168.727 ‑ Challenge; duty of election inspector; indiscriminate challenge; penalty.
          Section 168.728 ‑ Challenges; disposition.
          Section 168.729 ‑ Challenges; oath, questions as to qualifications; false statements, penalty.
          Section 168.730 ‑ Designation, qualifications, and number of challengers.
          Section 168.731 ‑ Challengers; statement of appointment by organization; contents; authorization; appointment without authorization; penalty.
          Section 168.732 ‑ Presence of challenger in room containing ballot box; evidence of right to be present.
          Section 168.733 ‑ Challengers; space in polling place; rights; space at counting board; expulsion for cause; protection; threat or intimidation.
          Section 168.734 ‑ Challengers; preventing presence, penalty.
          Section 168.735 ‑ Poll book and poll list; contents.
          Section 168.736 ‑ Voting; ballots, delivery to electors by numbers; assistance by election inspectors.
          Section 168.736a ‑ Minor child in booth or compartment.
          Section 168.736b ‑ Secrecy sleeve; primary election; instructions.
          Section 168.736c ‑ Secrecy sleeve; general election; instructions.
          Section 168.736d ‑ Secrecy sleeve; nonpartisan election; instructions.
          Section 168.736e ‑ Secrecy sleeve; special election; instructions.
          Section 168.736f ‑ Ballot marking instructions; limitation.
          Section 168.736g ‑ Discontinued use of secrecy sleeve defaced, marred, or containing other mark.
          Section 168.737 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 128, Imd. Eff. May 14, 2012.
          Section 168.737a ‑ Write-in vote; declaration of intent; filing; death or disqualification of candidate; write-in candidate for precinct delegate; forms; information.
          Section 168.738 ‑ Voting; ballots; folding; deposit in ballot box; rejection for exposure.
          Section 168.739 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.740 ‑ Voting; ballots, spoiling.
          Section 168.741 ‑ Voting; unused and spoiled ballots; preservation.
          Section 168.742 ‑ Voting; time for voting ballot.
          Section 168.743 ‑ Voting; ballots; return by elector; failure; arrest.
          Section 168.744 ‑ Prohibited acts; violation as misdemeanor.
          Section 168.744a ‑ Appearance of name of elected or appointed official in polling place or room prohibited; violation; fine.
          Section 168.745 ‑ Ballot of challenged voter; endorsement, rejection.
          Section 168.746 ‑ Ballot of challenged voter; endorsement concealed, identification prohibited.
          Section 168.747 ‑ Contested election; challenged voters' ballots, identification in court.
          Section 168.748 ‑ Contested election; petition to determine qualifications of electors.
          Section 168.749 ‑ Contested elections; challenged voters' ballots, removal of slips concealing endorsements, replacement.
          Section 168.750 ‑ Electors; exemption from civil process.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑ASSISTED‑VOTERS ‑ ASSISTED VOTERS (168.751...168.757)
          Section 168.751 ‑ Assisting elector in marking ballot.
          Section 168.752, 168.753 ‑ Repealed. 1979, Act 151, Imd. Eff. Nov. 27, 1979.
          Section 168.754 ‑ Assistance of electors; duties and restrictions.
          Section 168.755 ‑ Repealed. 1979, Act 151, Imd. Eff. Nov. 27, 1979.
          Section 168.755a ‑ Elector unable to write or sign name; execution of election document by making mark or using signature stamp; "election document" defined.
          Section 168.756 ‑ False statement as perjury.
          Section 168.757 ‑ Unlawful conduct; felony.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑ABSENT‑VOTERS ‑ ABSENT VOTERS (168.758...168.769a)
          Section 168.758 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 603, Imd. Eff. Dec. 28, 2018.
          Section 168.758a ‑ Absent voter ballot for president and vice-president; qualifications.
          Section 168.758b ‑ Voting by persons confined in jail or prison prohibited.
          Section 168.758c ‑ Repealed. 2003, Act 302, Eff. Jan. 1, 2005.
          Section 168.759 ‑ Application to vote absentee; time; manner; form; availability; signature of applicant; false statement as misdemeanor.
          Section 168.759a ‑ Absent uniformed services voter or overseas voter; electronic transmission of voter registration or ballot application; requirements; spouse or dependent; electronic transmission of ballot to voter; establishment and implementation of procedures by secretary of state; confidentiality of electronic mailing address; approval of ballot form and registration procedures by state director of elections; use of federal write-in absentee ballot; report; selection of political party ballot for presidential primary election; extension of ballot receipt deadline; definitions.
          Section 168.759b ‑ Emergency absent voters' ballot; application.
          Section 168.759c ‑ Absent voter ballot; political party ballot selection.
          Section 168.760 ‑ Absent voters; records, public inspection.
          Section 168.761 ‑ Absent voter ballots; mailing or delivering to applicant; order of issuance; numbering; return envelope; form; statement; false statement as misdemeanor or felony; presenting of identification for election purposes; affidavit; challenged ballot.
          Section 168.761a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.761b ‑ Clerk of city or township; office hours immediately before election for receiving absent voter ballots; public notice; additional locations by resolution.
          Section 168.762 ‑ Absent voter ballots; failure to receive application.
          Section 168.763 ‑ Repealed. 1956, Act 37, Imd. Eff. Mar. 28, 1956.
          Section 168.764 ‑ Absent voter ballot; instructions.
          Section 168.764a ‑ Instructions for absent voters.
          Section 168.764b ‑ Delivery and acceptance of absent voter ballots; appointment, oath, credentials, and duties of assistants; collection of absent voter ballots; prohibition; noncompliance.
          Section 168.764c ‑ Ballot tracker program; tracking absent voter ballots online.
          Section 168.765 ‑ Absent voter ballots; safekeeping by clerk; public inspection of applications and lists; delivery to board of election inspectors; voter ballot received after polls closed; information to be posted by clerk.
          Section 168.765a ‑ Absent voter counting board.
          Section 168.765b ‑ Procedure to spoil absent voter ballot.
          Section 168.766 ‑ Marked ballot or absent voter ballot; verification.
          Section 168.767 ‑ Absent voters' ballots; illegal vote; rejection of ballot; marking; preservation.
          Section 168.768 ‑ Absent voters' ballots; legal vote; deposit of ballot in box, record.
          Section 168.769 ‑ Absent voter ballots; voting in person; return of ballot; voting in person and absent voter ballot as felony; report.
          Section 168.769a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     116‑1954‑XXVIII‑VOTING‑MACHINES ‑ VOTING MACHINES (168.770...168.799a)
          Section 168.770 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.770a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.771 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.771a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.772 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.773 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.774 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.775 ‑ Repealed. 2017, Act 113, Eff. Oct. 25, 2017.
          Section 168.776 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.777 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.778 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.779 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.780 ‑ Repealed. 1955, Act 271, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1955;—1955, Act 283, Imd. Eff. July 19, 1955.
          Section 168.781 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.782 ‑ Repealed. 1966, Act 62, Imd. Eff. June 9, 1966.
          Section 168.782a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.782b ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.783 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.784 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.785 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.786 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.787 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.788 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.789 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.790 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.791 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.791a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.792 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.792a ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.792b ‑ Repealed. 1983, Act 181, Imd. Eff. Oct. 25, 1983.
          Section 168.793 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 123, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
          Section 168.794 ‑ Definitions used in MCL 168.794 to 168.799a.
          Section 168.794a ‑ Electronic voting system; authorization; acquisition; abandonment; use; accuracy test; applicability of subsections (1) and (2).
          Section 168.794b ‑ Electronic voting system; manner of payment.
          Section 168.794c ‑ Applicability and construction of provisions; rules.
          Section 168.795 ‑ Electronic voting system; requirements; method for rendering electronic tabulating equipment inoperable; equipping each polling place with accessible voting device.
          Section 168.795a ‑ Electronic voting system; approval by board of state canvassers; conditions; approval of improvement or change; inapplicability of subsection (1); intent to purchase statement; instruction in operation and use; disapproval.
          Section 168.795b ‑ Printing or displaying ballot labels, questions, office titles, and names of candidates; columns, pages, and directional signs; ballot stub.
          Section 168.795c ‑ Indicating different parts of ballot on ballot label; placement of parts; 2 or more elections on same day; partisan elections; straight party ticket vote prohibited; appropriation.
          Section 168.796 ‑ Sample ballots.
          Section 168.796a ‑ Electronic voting system; preparation for election; equipment and supplies; voting stations.
          Section 168.796b ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 109, Imd. Eff. June 18, 1990.
          Section 168.797 ‑ Inspectors of election; duties; certification of equipment operation.
          Section 168.797a ‑ Instruction in method of voting on electronic voting system; use of ballot processed through electronic tabulating equipment; procedure; detached stub; spoiled ballot; processing of challenged voter ballot; removal of ballot.
          Section 168.797b ‑ Rules.
          Section 168.797c ‑ Computer program; disposition and use of source code.
          Section 168.798 ‑ Testing of electronic tabulating equipment; notice; method; sealing programs, test materials, and ballots; rules; sealing memory device.
          Section 168.798a ‑ Separate counting center; direction and conduct of proceedings; method.
          Section 168.798b ‑ Electronic tabulating equipment; unofficial and official returns; manual count.
          Section 168.798c ‑ Casting absentee votes on paper ballots or ballot cards; count; recording; voting and processing absent voters' ballots; inspection of rejected ballot.
          Section 168.799 ‑ Injuring, altering, or defacing voting device, ballot, or other equipment; interference with correct operation of equipment; enforcement; examination.
          Section 168.799a ‑ Recounting punched, marked, or stamped ballot; procedure; stray marks; releasing sealed materials.
116‑1954‑XXIX ‑ CHAPTER XXIX CANVASS BY THE PRECINCT INSPECTORS (168.801...168.813)
     Section 168.801 ‑ Canvass of votes by precinct inspectors; public access.
     Section 168.802 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.803 ‑ Counting and recounting of votes; intent of voter; stray marks; instructions issued by secretary of state.
     Section 168.804 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
     Section 168.805 ‑ Ballots; packaging; statement; placement in ballot box; seal; delivery.
     Section 168.806 ‑ Duplicate statements of returns; contents, certificate as to correctness.
     Section 168.806a ‑ Seal; procedures.
     Section 168.807 ‑ Election results; availability.
     Section 168.808 ‑ Statement of returns; failure to sign certificate, falsification, penalty.
     Section 168.809 ‑ Election returns and records; delivery; unofficial tabulation.
     Section 168.810 ‑ Poll list; delivery to clerk.
     Section 168.810a ‑ Security of election materials.
     Section 168.811 ‑ Election returns, records, and applications; preservation; destruction; time.
     Section 168.812 ‑ Sending election results to secretary of state; obtaining election results.
     Section 168.813 ‑ Provisional ballot; tabulation; report.
116‑1954‑XXX ‑ CHAPTER XXX THE COUNTY CANVASS (168.821...168.839)
     Section 168.821 ‑ Meeting of board of county canvassers; place; time.
     Section 168.822 ‑ Board of county canvassers; canvass of returns, conclusion; failure to certify election results.
     Section 168.823 ‑ Board of county canvassers; power to summon and open ballot boxes; correction of errors; summoning of election inspectors; designation of staff to count ballots and make corrections.
     Section 168.824 ‑ Board of county canvassers; statement of votes; preparation; seal.
     Section 168.824a ‑ Board of county canvassers; disclosure of out-of-balance precincts.
     Section 168.825 ‑ Statements of votes; contents, certification, filing.
     Section 168.826 ‑ Determination and declaration of election results; preparation, delivery, and filing of certificate of determination; publication of statement of votes; certified certificate of election.
     Section 168.827 ‑ Certificate of determination to secretary of state.
     Section 168.828 ‑ Statements of votes; certified copy to secretary of state.
     Section 168.829 ‑ County provisional ballot report; county affidavit report; voter registration application report.
     Section 168.830 ‑ County clerk; compensation.
     Section 168.831 ‑ Defect or mechanical malfunction in election equipment or material; inability of elector to cast valid vote; petition for special election.
     Section 168.832 ‑ Defect or mechanical malfunction described in MCL 168.831; aggrieved candidate or elector; filing petition for special election.
     Section 168.833 ‑ Petition for special election; requirements.
     Section 168.834 ‑ Repealed. 1990, Act 95, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1990.
     Section 168.835 ‑ Petition for special election; qualification; meeting of board of canvassers; notice of time and place.
     Section 168.836 ‑ Ordering special election in precinct affected by defect or mechanical malfunction; conditions; effect of votes in excess of electors.
     Section 168.837 ‑ Special election to be conducted by mail; sending ballot to each elector; time limitation; request from board of canvassers; time for returning ballot.
     Section 168.838 ‑ Counting and reporting ballots; manner; count to include number of votes cast by absent voters.
     Section 168.839 ‑ Candidate not required to petition for recount; special election not subject to recount.
116‑1954‑XXXI ‑ CHAPTER XXXI THE STATE CANVASS (168.841...168.848)
     Section 168.841 ‑ Board of state canvassers; duties.
     Section 168.842 ‑ Board of state canvassers; meeting; time and place, notice, adjournment; expedited canvass of returns.
     Section 168.843 ‑ Statements of votes; filing and preservation by secretary of state; certified copies.
     Section 168.844 ‑ Statements of votes; examination, preparation of statement of totals by board of state canvassers.
     Section 168.845 ‑ Certifying correctness of statement; certificate of determination; certificate of election; declaration of vacancy; publication of constitutional amendment.
     Section 168.846 ‑ Board of state canvassers; tie vote, certification to legislature, determination.
     Section 168.847 ‑ Release of ballots, ballot boxes, voting machines, and equipment.
     Section 168.848 ‑ Postelection statement; violation as misdemeanor; false statement as perjury.
116‑1954‑XXXII ‑ CHAPTER XXXII DETERMINATION OF ELECTION BY LOT (168.851...168.852)
     Section 168.851 ‑ Tie vote; determination of election by lot, procedure; drawing for state legislature.
     Section 168.852 ‑ Procedure when no provision for determination of tie vote, right to recount.
116‑1954‑XXXIII ‑ CHAPTER XXXIII RECOUNTS (168.861...168.894)
     116‑1954‑XXXIII‑COUNTY‑CITY‑TOWNSHIP-AND‑VILLAGE‑BOARDS‑OF‑CANVASSERS ‑ COUNTY, CITY, TOWNSHIP AND VILLAGE BOARDS OF CANVASSERS (168.861...168.877)
          Section 168.861 ‑ Fraudulent or illegal voting, or tampering with ballots or ballot boxes; remedy by quo warranto.
          Section 168.862 ‑ Fraud or mistake in canvass or returns of votes; recount petition by candidate; good-faith belief in winning.
          Section 168.863 ‑ Fraud or error as to proposed charter amendment or other ballot question; recount petition by elector.
          Section 168.864 ‑ Repealed. 1996, Act 261, Eff. Mar. 28, 1996.
          Section 168.865 ‑ Recount petition; contents.
          Section 168.866 ‑ Recount petition; filing; deadline; filing of copy with secretary of state.
          Section 168.867 ‑ Recount petition; filing; deposit; refund; disposition of sum deposited.
          Section 168.868 ‑ Recount petition; notice to opposing candidates; counter petition; objections to recount petition; hearing; ruling; failure to give notice to opposing candidate.
          Section 168.869 ‑ Recount petition; investigation, delay; expenses of local recount.
          Section 168.870 ‑ Board of canvassers; investigation of recount.
          Section 168.871 ‑ Recount; use of electronic voting system; use of voting machines; recount of absent voter ballots; procedures for conduct of recount; use of computer; testing software application.
          Section 168.871a ‑ Challenge raised by candidate or elector; resolution; petition disagreeing with resolution; notice; hearing; ruling.
          Section 168.872 ‑ Board of canvassers; investigation, report to prosecutor and circuit judge.
          Section 168.873 ‑ Recount; misconduct of employees, felony.
          Section 168.874 ‑ Recount; return of ballots; manner of counting votes.
          Section 168.875 ‑ Recount; completion.
          Section 168.876 ‑ Recount; returns by board of canvassers, withdrawal of petition; final report open to public inspection.
          Section 168.877 ‑ Review of apparent error by certiorari.
     116‑1954‑XXXIII‑STATE‑CANVASSERS ‑ STATE CANVASSERS (168.878...168.894)
          Section 168.878 ‑ Construction of sections; action against board of state canvassers by mandamus.
          Section 168.879 ‑ Petition for recount; requirements; good-faith belief in winning; petition by state political party chairperson; recount and preservation of ballots; report; authority of legislature.
          Section 168.879a ‑ Section 168.879 inapplicable to presidential primary election.
          Section 168.880 ‑ Recount of votes; petition by elector on constitutional amendment or question, deadline, contents.
          Section 168.880a ‑ Recount of votes; grounds; notice to candidates; elections involving propositions procedures.
          Section 168.881 ‑ Recount petition; filing; deposit; refund; disposition of sum deposited.
          Section 168.882 ‑ Notice of recount petition; filing counter petition; refund of deposit money; filing objections to recount petition; notice; hearing; ruling.
          Section 168.883 ‑ Recount petition; notice to county clerk; preservation of ballots; investigation and recount by state canvassers.
          Section 168.884 ‑ Boards of county canvassers; clerks and assistants for conduct of recount.
          Section 168.885 ‑ Boards of state and county canvassers; right to subpoena witnesses; noncompliance, penalty.
          Section 168.886 ‑ Witnesses; compensation and mileage.
          Section 168.887 ‑ Recount of votes; misconduct of employees, felony.
          Section 168.888 ‑ Board of state canvassers; return of ballot boxes, poll books, tally sheets, and statements of votes; concurrent recount.
          Section 168.889 ‑ Board of state canvassers; time and place, rules and regulations for recounts in counties.
          Section 168.890 ‑ Board of state canvassers; authority of members as to supervision of recounts in counties.
          Section 168.891 ‑ Recounts; manner of conduct under board of state canvassers.
          Section 168.892 ‑ Board of state canvassers; recounts in counties, certification of results.
          Section 168.893 ‑ Discontinuance of recount; original return deemed correct.
          Section 168.894 ‑ Recounts in counties; expenses, payment.
116‑1954‑XXXIV ‑ CHAPTER XXXIV CAMPAIGN EXPENSES (168.901...168.929)
     Section 168.901‑168.929 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 272, Eff. Apr. 1, 1975;—1975, Act 121, Eff. Sept. 1, 1975;—1975, Act 227, Eff. Mar. 31, 1976;—1976, Act 388, Eff. June 1, 1977.
116‑1954‑XXXV ‑ CHAPTER XXXV OFFENSES AND PENALTIES (168.931...168.947)
     Section 168.931 ‑ Prohibited conduct; violation as misdemeanor; “valuable consideration” defined.
     Section 168.931a ‑ Appearance of name of elected or appointed official on ballot-related material; prohibition; violation as misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 168.932 ‑ Prohibited conduct; violation as felony.
     Section 168.932a ‑ Violations as felony; penalty.
     Section 168.932c ‑ Registering individuals; compensation prohibited; violation as felony; penalty.
     Section 168.932e ‑ Misrepresentation as election official; violation as felony.
     Section 168.933 ‑ Perjury; definition.
     Section 168.933a ‑ Forgery; definition.
     Section 168.934 ‑ Misdemeanor; penalty.
     Section 168.935 ‑ Felony; penalty.
     Section 168.936 ‑ Perjury; penalty.
     Section 168.937 ‑ Forgery; penalty.
     Section 168.938 ‑ Candidate convicted of felony; election void quo warranto.
     Section 168.939 ‑ Election inspector; duty to furnish information to prosecuting attorney.
     Section 168.940 ‑ Prosecuting attorney; duty to prosecute.
     Section 168.941 ‑ Peace officers; duty to institute proceedings.
     Section 168.942 ‑ Prosecution; time limitations; immunity of witnesses.
     Section 168.943 ‑ Recorder's court; jurisdiction; circuit courts, jurisdiction.
     Section 168.944 ‑ False designation of incumbency; misdemeanor.
     Section 168.945 ‑ Inducing improper applications to vote as absentee voter; misdemeanor.
     Section 168.947 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 120, Eff. Dec. 31, 2018.
116‑1954‑XXXVI ‑ CHAPTER XXXVI RECALL (168.951...168.977)
     Section 168.951 ‑ Officers subject to recall; time for filing recall petition; performance of duties until result of recall election certified.
     Section 168.951a ‑ Recall petition under MCL 168.959; requirements; submission to board of state canvassers; determination that reason for recall is factual and of sufficient clarity; notice; meeting; presentation of arguments; appeal; validity of petition.
     Section 168.952 ‑ Recall petition under MCL 168.960; requirements; submission to board of county election commissioners; determination that reason for recall is factual and of sufficient clarity; notice; meeting; presentation of arguments; appeal; validity of petition.
     Section 168.952a ‑ Recall petitions; blank forms; substantial compliance.
     Section 168.952b ‑ Recall petition; time for submission to board of state canvassers or board of county election commissioners.
     Section 168.953 ‑ Repealed. 1976, Act 66, Imd. Eff. Apr. 2, 1976.
     Section 168.954 ‑ Recall petitions; eligibility of signers; prohibited conduct; violations; misdemeanor; felony; penalties.
     Section 168.955 ‑ Recall petition; number of signatures; certification.
     Section 168.956 ‑ Repealed. 1976, Act 66, Imd. Eff. Apr. 2, 1976.
     Section 168.957 ‑ Recall petition; certificate of circulator; false statement; misdemeanor.
     Section 168.958 ‑ Recall petition sheet; signature of qualified and registered electors; location for signing; signature of person not qualified and registered elector.
     Section 168.958a ‑ Separate petitions required.
     Section 168.959 ‑ Recall of senators, representatives, elective state officers, county officials, or secretary of state; filing petitions.
     Section 168.960 ‑ Recall of elective county commissioner or township, city, village, or school official; recall of elective district library board member; filing petition; recall of elective metropolitan district officer.
     Section 168.961 ‑ Recall petition; filing; receipt; duties of filing official; duties of city or township clerk; certificate; duties of village clerk; use of qualified voter file.
     Section 168.961a ‑ Notice to officer whose recall is sought; challenge; checking signatures; verifying challenged signature; use of qualified voter file.
     Section 168.962 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 533, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1978.
     Section 168.963 ‑ Sufficiency or insufficiency of recall petition; determination; notice; recall election; recall primary election; special recall election.
     Section 168.964 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012.
     Section 168.965 ‑ Recall of officer with election duties; appointment of impartial public officer.
     Section 168.966 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012.
     Section 168.967 ‑ Recall elections; payment of expenses.
     Section 168.968 ‑ Canvass of recall election.
     Section 168.969 ‑ Further recall petition; filing.
     Section 168.970 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012.
     Section 168.970a ‑ Applicability of MCL 168.970b to 168.970g.
     Section 168.970b ‑ Incumbent as nominee.
     Section 168.970c ‑ Recall primary election; filing nominating petition or paying fee; incumbent as nominee.
     Section 168.970e ‑ Recall primary election; declaration of nominee; candidate without political party affiliation.
     Section 168.970g ‑ Candidate receiving highest number of votes; election.
     Section 168.971 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012.
     Section 168.971a ‑ Applicability of MCL 168.971c to 168.975.
     Section 168.971c ‑ Incumbent deemed to have filed; appearance of name on ballot.
     Section 168.972 ‑ Nominating and voting for candidate for nonpartisan office; signing and filing nominating petition; signing, contents, and filing of recall petition.
     Section 168.973 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012.
     Section 168.973a ‑ Nominating candidate for partisan office.
     Section 168.974 ‑ Repealed. 2012, Act 417, Imd. Eff. Dec. 20, 2012.
     Section 168.975 ‑ Candidate deemed elected.
     Section 168.975a ‑ Applicability of MCL168.975c to 168.975g; special recall election for office of governor.
     Section 168.975c ‑ Recall of governor; procedure.
     Section 168.975e ‑ Recall of governor; statement of reason; condensed statement; justification of conduct in office; submission by governor; printing on special recall election ballot; certain words on ballot prohibited; question.
     Section 168.975g ‑ Majority of votes in favor of recall; certification of result; replacement of governor.
     Section 168.976 ‑ Recall election; laws governing.
     Section 168.977 ‑ Appointment of officer who was recalled or resigned prohibited.
116‑1954‑XXXVII ‑ CHAPTER XXXVII REPEALS AND MISCELLANEOUS (168.991...168.992)
     Section 168.991 ‑ Repeals.
     Section 168.992 ‑ Effective date of act.

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