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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 93 of 2019
House: Adjourned until Wednesday, November 13, 2019 10:00:00 AM
Senate: Adjourned until Wednesday, November 13, 2019 10:00:00 AM


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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Chapter 280 - DRAIN CODE OF 1956
Act 40 of 1956 ‑ THE DRAIN CODE OF 1956 (280.1 - 280.630)
     40‑1956‑1. ‑ CHAPTER 1. DRAINS. (280.1...280.12)
          Section 280.1 ‑ Drain code of 1956; short title.
          Section 280.2 ‑ Drains; location, establishment, construction, maintenance, and improvements; petition.
          Section 280.3 ‑ Drain; definition.
          Section 280.4 ‑ “Commissioner,”“drain commissioner,” or “county drain commissioner” defined.
          Section 280.5 ‑ Drainage district; body corporate; powers.
          Section 280.6 ‑ Drains; public easements and rights of way; use; release, notice, protest.
          Section 280.8 ‑ Conducting business at public meeting; notice; availability of writings to public.
          Section 280.10 ‑ Drains; location; meetings; jurisdiction of commissioner; exception; payment of bonds or drain orders; deficiency.
          Section 280.11 ‑ Easement; right of way; release of damages; recording.
          Section 280.12 ‑ Specification of time; directory or mandatory.
     40‑1956‑2. ‑ CHAPTER 2. COUNTY DRAIN COMMISSIONER. (280.21...280.33)
          Section 280.21 ‑ County drain commissioner; election; term; temporary replacement; vacancy; bond; abolishment of office in certain counties; transfer of power and duties; effect of establishing department of public works or public improvement agency; election of public works commissioner; public hearing; abolishing office of public works commissioner; referring to office as drain commissioner; county governed by MCL 280.21a; change of name to office of water resources commissioner; criteria.
          Section 280.21a ‑ Powers and duties of drain commissioner performed by designated persons in certain counties.
          Section 280.22 ‑ Drain commissioner; establishment of office.
          Section 280.23 ‑ Drain commissioner; jurisdiction; drains in more than one county; outlet only in another county.
          Section 280.24 ‑ Deputy commissioners; appointment; revocation; bond; powers and duties.
          Section 280.25 ‑ Deputy drain commissioner; liability of commissioner and bondsmen; liability of drainage district; public liability or other insurance.
          Section 280.26 ‑ Deputy drain commissioner; salary, expenses, reports to drain commissioner.
          Section 280.27 ‑ Supplies; blank applications, office, location, hours.
          Section 280.28 ‑ County drain commissioner; salary and expenses; itemized and verified expense account.
          Section 280.29 ‑ Surveys; use of books, equipment, field notes, profiles, blueprints, specifications, estimates, engineers.
          Section 280.30 ‑ Drainage district; financial statement, records, prerequisites to tax spread.
          Section 280.31 ‑ Submitting annual report and financial statement to county board of commissioners; reports and information required by director of department of agriculture; liability on bond.
          Section 280.32 ‑ Drain commissioner; social security; agreement for coverage; appropriation.
          Section 280.33 ‑ Salary of commissioner, deputy commissioners, clerks, and employees; payment from general fund; drain maintenance employees; hiring, status, and compensation; reimbursement of county general fund by drain districts; waiver.
     40‑1956‑3. ‑ CHAPTER 3. COUNTY DRAINAGE DISTRICTS. (280.51...280.54)
          Section 280.51 ‑ County drainage districts; application, signers, eligibility, sufficiency; deposit for costs.
          Section 280.52 ‑ County drainage districts; practicability of drainage; survey, determination; tax delinquency.
          Section 280.53 ‑ County drains; surveyor, duties; route.
          Section 280.54 ‑ Order designating county drainage district; contents; notice of filing; amendment of name or number of drain; procedure.
     40‑1956‑4. ‑ CHAPTER 4. COUNTY DRAINS. (280.71...280.88)
          Section 280.71 ‑ Petitions to establish drainage districts; filing, signers, certificate of county treasurer; municipality-signed petition.
          Section 280.72 ‑ Board of determination; appointment, qualifications, and compensation of members; location of meeting; failure or refusal to serve; informing legislator of persons appointed; notice of meeting; publication; affidavit of mailing; effect of failure to receive notice; expenses of notice; election of chairperson and secretary; determination of necessity of proposed drain; statement; orders of board; notice; duties of commissioner.
          Section 280.72a ‑ Judicial determination of necessity; filing of action.
          Section 280.73 ‑ Proposed drain; plans, specifications and cost estimates; route, approval; easements on rights of way.
          Section 280.74 ‑ Release of right of way; acknowledgments, oaths, form, area, signature of wife, resolution covering street or public place; open drain.
          Section 280.75 ‑ Condemnation proceedings; obtaining right-of-way, easement, or other property interest.
          Section 280.76 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.77 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.78 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.79 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.80 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.81 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.82 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.83 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.84 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.85 ‑ Owner's use of land of right of way.
          Section 280.86 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.87 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.88 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
     40‑1956‑5. ‑ CHAPTER 5. INTERCOUNTY DRAINAGE DISTRICTS. (280.101...280.106)
          Section 280.101 ‑ Intercounty drainage districts; application; filing; signatures; eligibility.
          Section 280.102 ‑ Intercounty drainage districts; copies; joint drainage board, meeting, time, location, notice.
          Section 280.103 ‑ Chairperson of drainage board; disqualification of member; determination of practicability; survey.
          Section 280.104 ‑ Surveyor; duties as to intercounty drain, delivery of papers to board; route.
          Section 280.105 ‑ Order designating intercounty drainage district; contents, notice of filing, copies furnished commissioners; amendment of name or number of drain; costs.
          Section 280.106 ‑ Review of apportionment by arbitration board; claim for review; nomination and selection of board members; meeting; notice; election of chairperson and secretary; adjournment; findings.
     40‑1956‑6. ‑ CHAPTER 6. INTERCOUNTY DRAINS. (280.121...280.135)
          Section 280.121 ‑ Intercounty drains; petition to establish; filing, signatures; certificate of county treasurer; eligibility of signers; "municipality" defined.
          Section 280.122 ‑ Drainage board; duties generally; voting; notice of meeting; affidavit of mailing; failure to receive notice; expense of notification; drainage board as board of determination; determination of necessity, order; liability for percentage of costs.
          Section 280.122a ‑ Judicial determination of drain necessity; filing of action.
          Section 280.123 ‑ Apportionment of benefits; assessment, correction, appeal.
          Section 280.124 ‑ Meetings of drainage board to receive bids and review apportionment of benefits; notice.
          Section 280.125 ‑ Meetings of drainage board; review, appeal, computation of costs.
          Section 280.126 ‑ Construction of drain; receipt of bids and letting of contracts; abandonment of petition; order; notice.
          Section 280.127 ‑ Releases of right of way and damages.
          Section 280.128 ‑ Condemnation proceedings; obtaining right-of-way, easement, or other property interest.
          Section 280.129 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 262, Imd. Eff. Dec. 30, 2013.
          Section 280.130 ‑ Computation of construction cost; certification of special assessment rolls, filing; levy and collection of taxes.
          Section 280.131 ‑ Drain record; certified copies furnished other commissioners, filing.
          Section 280.132 ‑ Drainage bonds; issuance; terms; deposit of money; disposition.
          Section 280.133 ‑ Interstate drain; application and petition, drainage district, proceedings; release of right of way, obstruction agreement.
          Section 280.134 ‑ Intercounty drain; venue of actions; appointment of outside circuit judge.
          Section 280.135 ‑ County or intercounty drain; extension into county not in original drainage district; adding to or removing lands from district; procedure, apportionment of cost; order.
     40‑1956‑7. ‑ CHAPTER 7. APPORTIONMENT AND REVIEW. (280.151...280.162)
          Section 280.151 ‑ Final order of determination; filing; contracts for sections or whole; apportionment of costs, benefits; review, appeal.
          Section 280.152 ‑ Apportionment of benefits; description of lands.
          Section 280.153 ‑ Order to contain description of special assessment district; designation.
          Section 280.154 ‑ Receipt of bids and review of apportionment of benefits; publication and mailing of notice; affidavit of mailing; failure to receive notice; contents of notice; computation of cost; adjournment; review; appearances; duty of county drain commissioner; apportionment of benefits against state trunk line highway; notices; review; finality.
          Section 280.155 ‑ Bids; appeal; application for board of review, bond.
          Section 280.156 ‑ Bids; board of review, appointment, meeting, time, notice, duties.
          Section 280.157 ‑ Board of review; duties generally; changes in apportionment; added lands; adjournment; notice; action and decision.
          Section 280.158 ‑ Appeal cost and expenses; liability on bond.
          Section 280.159 ‑ Board of review; vacancies, adjournment.
          Section 280.160 ‑ Liability for costs; only one board of review, adjournment.
          Section 280.161 ‑ Certiorari to review drain proceedings and taxes; issues of fact, costs, postponement of proceedings.
          Section 280.162 ‑ Village or city; incorporation or annexation; reapportionment of cost of drain.
     40‑1956‑8. ‑ CHAPTER 8. CLEANING, WIDENING, DEEPENING, STRAIGHTENING AND EXTENDING DRAINS. (280.191...280.201)
          Section 280.191 ‑ County drains; maintenance and improvements; petition; determination of necessity; apportionment.
          Section 280.192 ‑ Intercounty drain; cleaning out; petition; drainage board; procedure.
          Section 280.193 ‑ Drains; apportionment for cleaning, widening, deepening, straightening, and extending; review; notice; consolidated districts.
          Section 280.194 ‑ Petitions and proceedings; description of drain, relief drains.
          Section 280.195 ‑ Further right of way; damages.
          Section 280.196 ‑ Inspection of county and intercounty drains; deposits in drain fund; expenditures for inspection, repair, and maintenance of drain; assessment; resolution approving expenditure of additional amounts; reassessment; notice; affidavit of mailing; failure to receive notice; assessment according to benefits received; determination of maximum assessment; emergency condition; excess expenditures upon request of public corporation; costs and bids where work performed by federal agency or public corporation; costs of maintenance and repair; salaries, expenses, and benefits of certain employees.
          Section 280.196a ‑ Drain not established under act; removal of debris from watercourse; conditions; permission from property owner; costs.
          Section 280.197 ‑ Surveying drain and reviewing district boundaries, laying out revised district, or making profiles, plans, or estimates of work; retaining services of surveyor or engineer; filing data; revision of boundaries of drainage district; adding or removing lands; meeting of drainage board; order; findings; notice for review; contents; mailing; affidavit; publication; action by landowner.
          Section 280.198 ‑ Drain taxes; subsequent assessment.
          Section 280.199 ‑ Cleaning out drain; apportionment of cost; use of surplus in drain fund.
          Section 280.200 ‑ Cleaning out drain; cost of maintenance and repair; public contracts.
          Section 280.201 ‑ Entering property for excavation or tree removal; notice; exception.
     40‑1956‑9. ‑ CHAPTER 9. LETTING OF CONTRACTS. (280.221...280.223)
          Section 280.221 ‑ Construction of drain; receipt of bids; sealed proposals; contracts; bonds; abandonment of petition; order; notice; board of county road commissioners authorized to bid.
          Section 280.222 ‑ Letting contracts; rejection of bids; adjournment.
          Section 280.223 ‑ Deposit with bid; purpose; retention of deposit; damages for nonexecuted contract; return of deposit; disposition of forfeited money; security; conditions and limitations of personal surety; failure to complete contract; bond or indemnity insurance; contracts to which section applicable; additional kinds of security.
     40‑1956‑10. ‑ CHAPTER 10. INSPECTION AND APPROVAL OF CONSTRUCTION AND PAYMENT FOR THE DRAIN. (280.241...280.248)
          Section 280.241 ‑ Inspection of drain; order of approval, payments on contract.
          Section 280.242 ‑ Extension of time on contract; forfeiture; reletting unfinished portion; recovery of excess cost.
          Section 280.243 ‑ Deficiency; assessment, collection, review, appeal; embezzlement; payment from county general fund, conditions.
          Section 280.244 ‑ Drain orders; drawing and payment, restrictions; payment from county general fund, reimbursement.
          Section 280.245 ‑ Drain orders; contents, recording; payment; insufficient funds, interest; drain order redemption fund; payment of drainage taxes; reports to commissioner by county treasurer.
          Section 280.246 ‑ Advertising rates; fees of judge of probate and other officers.
          Section 280.247 ‑ Attorney; employment; expenses and costs, payment from drain fund; prosecuting attorney; "attendant expenses and costs" defined .
          Section 280.248 ‑ Expenses of state director of agriculture or deputy; payment.
     40‑1956‑11. ‑ CHAPTER 11. LEVY AND COLLECTION OF DRAIN TAXES. (280.261...280.283)
          Section 280.261 ‑ Computation of cost; items included; contingent expenses.
          Section 280.262 ‑ Special assessment roll and tax assessment roll; contents; installment payments.
          Section 280.263 ‑ Spread of drain taxes on rolls; time.
          Section 280.264 ‑ Statement of assessments upon township at large furnished township treasurer.
          Section 280.265 ‑ Drain taxes; general tax law applicable, payment under protest, action, lien, personal claim.
          Section 280.266 ‑ Return of delinquent drain taxes; general tax law applicable.
          Section 280.267 ‑ Injunction after assessment.
          Section 280.268 ‑ Perpetual injunction not allowed for informalities; plaintiff may show injury.
          Section 280.269 ‑ Invalidation proceedings; proofs, correction of damages or assessment, order, costs.
          Section 280.270 ‑ Tax lien; proceeding to compel spread of tax; established drains.
          Section 280.271 ‑ Tax collection suits; tax reassessment.
          Section 280.272 ‑ Tax collection suits; assumpsit; prima facie evidence, judgment based on benefits; authority to sue.
          Section 280.273 ‑ New proceedings when tax set aside; report of defects to supervisors, reassessment.
          Section 280.274 ‑ Invalidation proceedings; commissioner as party.
          Section 280.275 ‑ Drainage district bonds; issuance; terms; sale subject to revised municipal finance act; premium; limitation on payment from county general fund.
          Section 280.276 ‑ County drainage district bonds or notes; intracounty drains; faith and credit; advancement by county, reassessment.
          Section 280.277 ‑ Drainage district bonds; delinquent assessments, advance by cities, villages, or townships; reimbursement; reassessment; validation of drain orders or bonds.
          Section 280.278 ‑ Interest on installments of drain taxes; payment of interest; disposition and use of installments and interest; bank deposits; interest on bonds or notes.
          Section 280.279 ‑ Special assessments; payment in full; notice to commissioner; deficiency assessment.
          Section 280.280 ‑ Additional assessments; levy; surplus; exemption of certain lands from deficiency assessments; purpose.
          Section 280.281 ‑ Special drain assessment; definition of municipal corporation.
          Section 280.282 ‑ Investment of surplus funds; consolidation of drainage district funds; disposition and use of interest; revolving maintenance fund; consolidation with other funds for investment purposes; disposition of interest earned; accounting for principal balances; expenditures.
          Section 280.283 ‑ Use or transfer of surplus construction funds; contract with public corporation; provisions of contract; return of surplus construction funds to state transportation department; definitions.
     40‑1956‑12. ‑ CHAPTER 12. REVOLVING FUNDS FOR DRAINS. (280.301...280.307)
          Section 280.301 ‑ Revolving drain fund; creation, use.
          Section 280.302 ‑ Revolving drain fund; use; intercounty drains; expenses after date of letting drain contracts.
          Section 280.303 ‑ Revolving drain fund; accounting records; reimbursement.
          Section 280.304 ‑ Revolving drain fund; deposit in bank; interest.
          Section 280.305 ‑ Revolving drain fund; transfer to particular drain fund of moneys under former law, use.
          Section 280.306 ‑ Revolving fund; expenditures or obligation before completion of improvement; report to county board of commissioners; apportionment.
          Section 280.307 ‑ Revolving fund; expenditures or obligation before completion of improvement; intercounty drainage district, apportionment; recovery of money.
     40‑1956‑13. ‑ CHAPTER 13. HIGHWAYS. (280.321...280.328)
          Section 280.321 ‑ Drains in public highways; permit; release of right of way.
          Section 280.322 ‑ Drains in public highways; cost of construction; contract; maintenance, bridges or culverts to farms.
          Section 280.322b ‑ Drains; highways, crossing; expenses.
          Section 280.323 ‑ Drains along public highways; consent; disposition of materials; apportionment against state trunk line highway; payment of assessment; certificate of amount due; drains constructed prior to 1923.
          Section 280.324 ‑ Drainage across lands adjacent to highways; right of way; approval of purchase.
          Section 280.325 ‑ Cost to township for highway drainage; report by county road commission, drain fund.
          Section 280.326 ‑ Construction report; restriction on county road commission.
          Section 280.327 ‑ Construction or maintenance of highway; county or intercounty drain; application or petition, procedure, jurisdiction, and authority of county drain commissioner or drainage board; meeting to be held by director of department of agriculture and rural development; determination.
          Section 280.328 ‑ Forwarding engineering plans to drain commissioner.
     40‑1956‑14. ‑ CHAPTER 14. RAILROADS. (280.341...280.343)
          Section 280.341 ‑ Drains along railroad; release of right of way; consent.
          Section 280.342 ‑ Drains across public utility right of way; mandamus to compel opening; costs.
          Section 280.343 ‑ Violation of act; penalty.
     40‑1956‑15. ‑ CHAPTER 15. DAMS IN DRAINS. (280.351...280.356)
          Section 280.351 ‑ Dams in drains to control flow, water levels and seepage; removal of drainage by pumps.
          Section 280.352 ‑ Dams in drains; petition, signers, contents, examination, finding.
          Section 280.353 ‑ Dams in drains; first order of determination, contents.
          Section 280.354 ‑ Dams in drains; construction contract with owners of lands benefited; default, contract for completion, costs and expenses.
          Section 280.355 ‑ Dams in drains; supervision of work; governing provisions.
          Section 280.356 ‑ Dams in drains; intercounty drains; governing provisions.
     40‑1956‑16. ‑ CHAPTER 16. SPECIAL COUNTY COMMISSIONER. (280.381...280.384)
          Section 280.381 ‑ Disqualification of commissioner; petition filed with probate judge.
          Section 280.382 ‑ Disqualification of commissioner; appointment of disinterested commissioner; duties as to county drain.
          Section 280.383 ‑ Disqualification of commissioner; appointment in case of intercounty drain.
          Section 280.384 ‑ Disinterested commissioner; salary and expenses, assessment.
     40‑1956‑17. ‑ CHAPTER 17. ABANDONED AND VACATED DRAINS—DISPOSAL OF FUNDS. (280.391...280.396)
          Section 280.391 ‑ Abandoned and vacated drains; procedure; private rights; new drain.
          Section 280.392 ‑ Abandoned and vacated drains; notices; disposal of money in drain funds.
          Section 280.393 ‑ Abandoned and vacated drains; duties of township treasurer in distribution of funds.
          Section 280.394 ‑ Abandoned and vacated drains; disposal of funds, payments by township treasurer.
          Section 280.395 ‑ County or intercounty drain; transfer of jurisdiction and control; conditions; approval; transfer of drain fund.
          Section 280.396 ‑ Transfer of drain project to county department of public works.
     40‑1956‑18. ‑ CHAPTER 18. OBSTRUCTIONS IN DRAINS; SEWAGE; MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. (280.421...280.435)
          Section 280.421 ‑ Obstructions; removal; expenses, notice; livestock; criminal complaint.
          Section 280.422 ‑ Obstructions; public utility companies; removal, mandamus.
          Section 280.423 ‑ Discharge of certain sewage or waste matter into drains prohibited; construction to purify flow; petitions; order of determination; findings; construction of drain; plans and specifications; contracts; costs; review; acquisition of land; application and fee for sewer connections; powers of drain commissioner or drainage board; failure to comply with section; violation as misdemeanor; fine; “person” defined.
          Section 280.424 ‑ Inadequate disposal or filtration plant; abatement of nuisance; estimate of annual cost; appeal; notice; posting; review of apportionment; board of review; meeting; proceedings; determination; payment; assessment; water rates.
          Section 280.425 ‑ Petition to construct open or closed drain; permission of commissioners or drainage board; consent of landowners; expense; time and manner of construction; protection of drain entrance; signature of applicant or petitioner; tiling source of drain or open drain; permit to tile established drain.
          Section 280.426 ‑ Drain orders received for drain taxes.
          Section 280.427 ‑ Corporation or land contract vendee as freeholder; corporate agent or officer as signer of petition.
          Section 280.428 ‑ Drainage district including state lands; assessment, payment.
          Section 280.429 ‑ Flood control projects; easements to United States; approval.
          Section 280.430 ‑ Sanitary sewage; contracts for use of drains; charges; lien; cost included in charges.
          Section 280.431 ‑ Contracts for drain projects; federal government; public corporations; relief from assessments; flood control projects; conservation and utilization of soil and water; “public corporation” defined.
          Section 280.432 ‑ Obstruction of drain commissioner; drainage board or agents; misdemeanor.
          Section 280.433 ‑ Enlargement of drainage district; agreement; construction and cost of drainage facilities; certificate of registered professional engineer; payment of excess amount and pro rata equitable share; liability of added lands for assessments; dedication, conveyance, or transfer of drain facilities and property; extension of drain; notice of agreement; procedure for establishment of existing private drain; deposit; special drain fund.
          Section 280.434 ‑ Drain project; construction or studies; borrowing money or accepting advances; reimbursement; contract or note as evidence of obligation; full faith and credit; source of payments; applicability of section.
          Section 280.435 ‑ Financing of flood control or drainage projects; contract or agreement with federal government; payments and purposes; determination of necessity; notes or bonds; issuance subject to revised municipal finance act.
     40‑1956‑19. ‑ CHAPTER 19. CONSOLIDATED DISTRICTS. (280.441...280.448)
          Section 280.441 ‑ Consolidating and organizing 2 or more drainage districts in same county as single drainage district; signing and filing petition for consolidation; land included; appointment, qualifications, and compensation of members of board of determination; determination of necessity; notice of meeting; affidavit of mailing; failure to receive notice; expense of notice; election of chairperson or secretary; determination; orders.
          Section 280.441a ‑ Consolidating and organizing 2 or more drainage districts as single drainage district within more than 1 county; signing and filing petition; land included; composition of drainage board; notice of meeting; affidavit of mailing; failure to receive notice; expense of notice; chairperson; determination by drainage board; orders.
          Section 280.442 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; surveys.
          Section 280.443 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; existing drain, recognition and credit, exemption from special assessment.
          Section 280.444 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; indebtedness, retirement; special assessment.
          Section 280.445 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; bonds and contracts, assumption by consolidated district.
          Section 280.446 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; abandonment or vacation of included drain; proration of moneys.
          Section 280.447 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; rights and powers, validation of bonds.
          Section 280.448 ‑ Drainage districts; consolidation; consent of county auditors or comptroller.
     40‑1956‑20. ‑ CHAPTER 20. INTRACOUNTY DRAINS; PUBLIC CORPORATIONS. (280.461...280.499)
          Section 280.461 ‑ Definitions.
          Section 280.462 ‑ County drains; public health, assessment against public corporations.
          Section 280.463 ‑ Petition to locate, establish, and construct county drain; determination; filing and contents of petition; notice; certified copy of resolution; authorizing execution; order of determination.
          Section 280.464 ‑ Drainage board; creation; members; disqualification; compensation, mileage, and expenses; county drain commissioner as chairperson; minutes, records, and files; requirements for substantive actions and determinations.
          Section 280.465 ‑ Meeting of drainage board; notice; affidavit of mailing; quorum; adjournment; action by board; signing of orders.
          Section 280.466 ‑ Drainage board; first meeting, notice.
          Section 280.467 ‑ Drainage board; tentative determinations; naming drain and drainage district; composition of district; objections; notice of hearing; final order of determination; eliminating or adding public corporation.
          Section 280.468 ‑ Plans, specifications, and estimate of cost; approval, adoption, and filing; route of drain; apportionment of costs; designation of area to be served; assumption of additional cost; altering and supplementing proceedings.
          Section 280.469 ‑ Objections to apportionments; notice of hearing; confirmation or readjustment of apportionments; notice of rehearing; final order of apportionment.
          Section 280.470 ‑ Drainage board; lands and rights of way, condemnation; procedure, federal government participation; costs.
          Section 280.471 ‑ Drainage board; contracts with federal government or corporations; bids.
          Section 280.472 ‑ Funds; county treasurer, deputies; bonds; expenditures.
          Section 280.473 ‑ Special assessment roll; preparation; estimated or actual costs; annual installments; interest; advance payment; altering and supplementing proceedings.
          Section 280.474 ‑ Special assessment roll; contents; approval; statement; certification to assessed public corporation; installments and interest; advances from county funds; notice; deduction; reimbursement; assessments against state; sufficiency of taxes; spreading levy on county tax roll; corrected or supplemental roll; altering and supplementing proceedings.
          Section 280.475 ‑ Statutory or charter tax limitations inapplicable; rate or amount of taxes.
          Section 280.476 ‑ Bonds; issuance; maturity; mandatory redemption; signatures; collection of assessments.
          Section 280.477 ‑ Additional assessment; apportionment.
          Section 280.478 ‑ Drainage board; continuation; responsibility; expenses; relinquishment; moneys, disposition, consent.
          Section 280.479 ‑ Advancements by corporations; reimbursement.
          Section 280.480 ‑ Costs; items.
          Section 280.481 ‑ Assessments against townships and villages.
          Section 280.482 ‑ Improvements or additions to drains for public health.
          Section 280.483 ‑ Certiorari; time; legal establishment of drain.
          Section 280.484 ‑ Procedures; incorporation of other chapters in drainage board orders.
          Section 280.485 ‑ Relief drains.
          Section 280.486 ‑ Drains to which chapter applicable; sufficiency of petition.
          Section 280.487 ‑ Drainage board; absence of members, deputies, vice-chairman.
          Section 280.488 ‑ Additional grant of power; prior projects.
          Section 280.489 ‑ New cities; service of notice on township clerks or de facto city officer.
          Section 280.489a ‑ Land especially benefited by drain project; duties of legislative body; affidavit as conclusive proof of notice; meeting; powers of legislative body; reimbursement for pro rata share of costs.
          Section 280.490 ‑ Land especially benefited by drain project; special assessment; resolution; preparation of special assessment roll; conduct of proceedings; objections; hearing in lieu of meeting; use of special assessment collections; reduction of annual levy; charges.
          Section 280.491 ‑ River, creek or watercourse; petition for inclusion within jurisdiction.
          Section 280.492 ‑ Petition; content, deposit to pay cost; drainage board hearing and notice.
          Section 280.493 ‑ Final order of determination; contents, recording, effect.
          Section 280.494 ‑ Final order of determination; recording effect on private rights.
          Section 280.495 ‑ Assessment of cost; hearing; powers.
          Section 280.496 ‑ Drainage board funds; investment of surplus, interest.
          Section 280.497 ‑ Use or transfer of surplus construction funds; contract with public corporation; provisions of contract; return of surplus construction funds to state transportation department; application of MCL 280.499; definition.
          Section 280.498 ‑ Pollution in county drain; abatement; petition.
          Section 280.499 ‑ Providing amount from surplus construction funds to inspect, repair, and maintain drain; apportioning balance of surplus construction funds to credit of public corporations; use of funds.
     40‑1956‑21. ‑ CHAPTER 21. INTERCOUNTY DRAINS; PUBLIC CORPORATIONS. (280.511...280.549)
          Section 280.511 ‑ Definitions.
          Section 280.512 ‑ Public health; assessment against public corporations.
          Section 280.513 ‑ Petition to locate, establish, and construct intercounty drain; determination; filing and contents of petition; notice; certified copy of resolution; authorizing execution; order of determination.
          Section 280.514 ‑ Drainage board; membership; chairperson; appointee; exception.
          Section 280.515 ‑ Augmented drainage board; members, compensation; expenses.
          Section 280.516 ‑ Minutes of meetings; secretary's duties, records, filing.
          Section 280.517 ‑ Preliminary finding; first meeting of boards, time and place, notice, selection of secretary.
          Section 280.518 ‑ Meetings of drainage board or augmented drainage board; notice; quorum; action by board; signing of orders.
          Section 280.519 ‑ Augmented drainage board; tentative determinations; naming drain and drainage district; composition of district; resolution; new meeting; objections; notice of hearing; final order of determination; eliminating or adding public corporation; further action by drainage board; correction or addition to proceedings.
          Section 280.520 ‑ Plans, specifications, and estimate of cost; approval, adoption, and filing; route of drain; apportionment of costs; designation of area to be served; assumption of additional cost; altering or supplementing proceedings.
          Section 280.521 ‑ Objections to apportionments; notice of hearing; confirmation or readjustment of apportionments; notice of rehearing; final order of apportionment.
          Section 280.522 ‑ Lands and rights of way; condemnation; procedure, federal government participation; prior agreement as to highways; costs.
          Section 280.523 ‑ Contracts with federal government or corporations; bids.
          Section 280.524 ‑ Designation of a county treasurer; deputies, bonds; expenditures.
          Section 280.525 ‑ Special assessment roll; preparation; estimated or actual costs; annual installments; interest; advance payment; spreading levy on county tax roll; altering or supplementing proceedings.
          Section 280.526 ‑ Special assessment roll; contents; approval; statement; certification to assessed public corporation; installments and interest; advances from county funds; notice; deduction; reimbursement; assessments against state; sufficiency of taxes; corrected roll; altering or supplementing proceedings.
          Section 280.527 ‑ Statutory or charter tax limitation inapplicable; rate or amount of taxes.
          Section 280.528 ‑ Bonds; issuance; maturity; mandatory redemption; signatures; collection of assessments.
          Section 280.529 ‑ Additional assessment; apportionment.
          Section 280.530 ‑ Drainage board; continuation; responsibility; expenses; relinquishment; moneys, disposition; consent.
          Section 280.531 ‑ Advances by corporations; reimbursement.
          Section 280.532 ‑ Venue of actions; appointment of circuit judge.
          Section 280.533 ‑ Costs; items.
          Section 280.534 ‑ Deputy for director of agriculture; powers.
          Section 280.535 ‑ Improvements or additions to drains for public health.
          Section 280.536 ‑ Certiorari; time; legal establishment of drain.
          Section 280.537 ‑ Procedures; incorporation of other chapters in drainage board orders.
          Section 280.538 ‑ New cities; service of notice on township clerk or de facto city officer.
          Section 280.538a ‑ Land especially benefited by drain project; duties of legislative body; affidavit as conclusive proof of notice; meeting; powers of legislative body; reimbursement for pro rata share of costs.
          Section 280.539 ‑ Land especially benefited by drain projects; special assessment; resolution; preparation of special assessment roll; conduct of proceedings; objections; hearing in lieu of meeting; use of special assessment collections; reduction of annual levy; charges.
          Section 280.540 ‑ Relief drains.
          Section 280.541 ‑ River, creek, or watercourse; petition to inclusion in jurisdiction.
          Section 280.542 ‑ River, creek, or watercourse; petition; content, deposit to pay costs, filing; drainage board, hearing and notice.
          Section 280.543 ‑ River, creek, or watercourse; board determination, final order, contents, recording, effect.
          Section 280.544 ‑ River, creek, or watercourse; final order of determination; recording effect on private rights.
          Section 280.545 ‑ River, creek, or watercourse; assessment of costs, hearing; powers.
          Section 280.546 ‑ Drainage board funds; investment of surplus, interest.
          Section 280.547 ‑ Surplus construction funds; use; transfer; provisions of contract with public corporation; return of funds; applicability of MCL 280.547a; definition.
          Section 280.547a ‑ Surplus construction funds; disposition; use.
          Section 280.548 ‑ Pollution in intercounty drain; abatement; petition.
          Section 280.549 ‑ Assessments against townships and villages.
     40‑1956‑22. ‑ CHAPTER 22. WATER MANAGEMENT DISTRICTS AND SUBDISTRICTS (280.551...280.583)
          Section 280.551 ‑ Water management; definitions.
          Section 280.552 ‑ Water management; petition for flood control or drainage project, filing, signatures, contents, map.
          Section 280.553 ‑ Water management commission; members, appointment, compensation, expenses, approval of plans, orders and assessments.
          Section 280.554 ‑ Water management board; members; terms; vacancy; qualifications; chairman; procedures; employees; treasurer; bond; secretary; audit.
          Section 280.555 ‑ Water management commission or water management board; meetings; notice; quorum; adjournment; action by board; signing of orders; minutes of proceedings; records; meetings and records open to public.
          Section 280.556 ‑ Water management commission; petitions, review; notice of first meeting.
          Section 280.557 ‑ Water management commission; temporary secretary, by-laws, tentative determination, amendment of petition, notice of adjourned meeting; dismissal of petition; name of district; board; tentative determination; preliminary plans.
          Section 280.558 ‑ Water management board; hearing of objections; notice of hearing; preliminary order of determination; eliminating or adding public corporation.
          Section 280.559 ‑ Assessment; basis.
          Section 280.560 ‑ Preliminary plans; approval; detailed plans, contents, approval; official plans, filing.
          Section 280.561 ‑ Tentative percentage of cost for assessment; apportionment.
          Section 280.562 ‑ Hearing of objections to tentative apportionments of costs; notice of hearing; report; confirmation or readjustment of apportionment.
          Section 280.563 ‑ Water management commission; review of board's apportionment; final order of apportionment; annual meeting; work plan, advisory committees.
          Section 280.564 ‑ Lands and rights of way; condemnation, procedure, federal governmental participation; costs.
          Section 280.565 ‑ Contracts with federal government or corporations; bids.
          Section 280.566 ‑ Special assessment roll; installments, payment, interest.
          Section 280.567 ‑ Special assessment roll; contents, approval; certification to corporation assessed; annual notice of installment and interest; advancement by county; assessment against state; correction of assessment.
          Section 280.568 ‑ Assessments and taxes not subject to statutory or charter debt or tax limitations.
          Section 280.569 ‑ Bonds; issuance; maturity; mandatory exemption; signatures; collection of assessments.
          Section 280.570 ‑ Additional assessment; apportionment.
          Section 280.571 ‑ Water management board; continuation, responsibility; budget, hearing, adoption.
          Section 280.572 ‑ Advancements by corporations; reimbursement.
          Section 280.573 ‑ Costs; items, contingent expenses.
          Section 280.574 ‑ Water management commission; powers.
          Section 280.575 ‑ Subdistrict; petition; official plan, final order of apportionment of cost; assessment.
          Section 280.576 ‑ Water management district in interstate river basin; powers of commission.
          Section 280.577 ‑ Venue of actions; appointment of circuit judge.
          Section 280.578 ‑ Deputy for director of agriculture; powers.
          Section 280.579 ‑ Intercounty drain; construction or improvement for flood control project.
          Section 280.580 ‑ Public and private construction in works owned by water management district; plans, approval.
          Section 280.581 ‑ Certiorari; time; legal establishment of project.
          Section 280.582 ‑ Provisions applicable.
          Section 280.583 ‑ Validation of prior bonds.
     40‑1956‑23. ‑ CHAPTER 23. PENALTIES. (280.601...280.602)
          Section 280.601 ‑ Drain commissioner; interest in contract prohibited; penalty.
          Section 280.602 ‑ Removal of stakes; injury to drain; penalty.
     40‑1956‑24. ‑ CHAPTER 24. REPEALS AND SAVING CLAUSES. (280.621...280.624)
          Section 280.621 ‑ Repeal.
          Section 280.622 ‑ Amendment of act during progress of drain proceedings; applicable law.
          Section 280.623 ‑ Saving clause.
          Section 280.624 ‑ Prior actions and bonds validated; contest prohibited.
     40‑1956‑25. ‑ CHAPTER 25. ALTERNATE PROCEDURES (280.625...280.630)
          Section 280.625 ‑ Alternate procedures.
          Section 280.626 ‑ Assessment to public corporations of costs in excess of those apportioned for drainage to state or county highways; apportionment.
          Section 280.627 ‑ Special assessment roll; preparation; contents; approval; certified copy of roll.
          Section 280.628 ‑ Notice of due date of installment and interest; determination of amounts due from public corporation assessed in aggregate.
          Section 280.629 ‑ Calculating amounts of assessments chargeable against debt limitations of public corporations.
          Section 280.630 ‑ Purpose and construction of chapter.

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