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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 48 of 2019
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, October 15, 2019 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, October 15, 2019 10:00:00 AM

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MCL Index

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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Act 84 of 1909 ‑ MILITARY ESTABLISHMENT (32.1 - 32.85)
     Section 32.1‑32.33 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.34 ‑ Repealed. 1957, Act 297, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957.
     Section 32.35 ‑ Michigan national guard retired officers list.
     Section 32.36‑32.41 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.42 ‑ Repealed. 1957, Act 297, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957.
     Section 32.43‑32.45a ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.45b ‑ Repealed. 1970, Act 164, Imd. Eff. Aug. 2, 1970.
     Section 32.45c‑32.48 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.49 ‑ National guard; retirement compensation; temporary service, compensation.
     Section 32.49a ‑ National guard; retirement age, physical disqualification, eligibility for re-commission.
     Section 32.49b ‑ National guard; officers' retirement pay; application for retirement to retirement boards, findings.
     Section 32.49c ‑ Retirement pay or pension of military disability or service; evidence of amount, deduction.
     Section 32.49d ‑ Retirement pay; death of retired officer or enlisted person; benefits to which surviving spouse entitled; “surviving spouse” defined.
     Section 32.50‑32.53 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.54‑32.60 ‑ Repealed. 1957, Act 297, Eff. Sept. 27, 1957.
     Section 32.61‑32.66 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.67 ‑ Repealed. 1957, Act 214, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1957.
     Section 32.68‑32.85 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
E.R.O. No. 1997‑7 ‑ EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION ORDER (32.91 - 32.91)
     Section 32.91 ‑ Renaming of department of military affairs as department of military and veterans affairs.
E.R.O. No. 2013‑2 ‑ EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION ORDER (32.92 - 32.92)
     Section 32.92 ‑ Creation of Michigan veterans affairs agency within department of military and veterans affairs; administration of veterans speakers program; transfer of duties, responsibilities, and powers to provide assistance to state veterans home board of managers from department of military and veterans affairs to agency.
Act 270 of 1939 ‑ NATIONAL EMERGENCY; DUTIES OF ADJUTANT GENERAL (32.101 - 32.102)
     Section 32.101 ‑ Adjutant general; responsibilities in national emergency.
     Section 32.102 ‑ Adjutant general; preparation for national emergency in peacetime, approval, effect.
Act 311 of 1913 ‑ Repealed-MILITARY COURTS (32.111 - 32.116)
Act 198 of 1909 ‑ Repealed-DISBURSER OF UNITED STATES FUNDS FOR MILITIA (32.121 - 32.121)
Act 70 of 1917 ‑ Repealed-COMPENSATION OF ENLISTED MEN AND OFFICERS (32.131 - 32.132)
Act 237 of 1909 ‑ Repealed-EQUIPMENT ALLOWANCE (32.141 - 32.141)
Act 174 of 1909 ‑ Repealed-DISABILITY ALLOWANCE (32.151 - 32.153)
Act 199 of 1909 ‑ Repealed-INTERURBAN AND STREET CAR PRIVILEGES (32.161 - 32.162)
Act 200 of 1909 ‑ Repealed-ARMORY BUILDING FUND (32.171 - 32.171)
Act 37 of 1943 ‑ EASEMENTS; ARMORY OF 182ND FIELD ARTILLERY (32.181 - 32.182)
     Section 32.181 ‑ Armory of 182nd field artillery; authority of state military board as to boundaries, buildings erected, rights of parties.
     Section 32.182 ‑ Armory of 182nd field artillery; authority of state administrative board in absence of military board.
Act 7 of 1912 (2nd Ex. Sess.) ‑ Repealed-ERECTION OF ARMORIES (32.191 - 32.195)
Act 6 of 1899 ‑ Repealed-RENTAL OF ARMORIES (32.201 - 32.201)
Act 250 of 1915 ‑ Repealed-EXCHANGE OF ARMORY SITES (32.211 - 32.212)
Act 172 of 1913 ‑ CRAWFORD COUNTY LAND (32.221 - 32.226)
     Section 32.221 ‑ Crawford county land; Michigan state military board authority to accept certain lands for state.
     Section 32.222 ‑ Crawford county land to be given to state; description.
     Section 32.223 ‑ Crawford county land; uses, abandonment, reversion to donors, removal of buildings, timber rights.
     Section 32.223a ‑ Camp Grayling facilities; lease by military board, public use.
     Section 32.223b ‑ Grayling recreation authority; lease of property by military board; description; examination of documents; sublease; use; limitations; termination of leases under MCL 32.223a.
     Section 32.224 ‑ Repealed. 1967, Act 150, Imd. Eff. June 30, 1967.
     Section 32.224a ‑ Camp Grayling; authority of military board as to highways leading to reservation.
     Section 32.224b ‑ Crawford county; lease of dwellings by military board for military personnel.
     Section 32.224c ‑ Jurisdiction of department of natural resources; prohibitions; fishing by Camp Grayling military personnel in Lake Margrethe; penalty.
     Section 32.225 ‑ Crawford county land; examination and certification of title by attorney general.
     Section 32.226 ‑ Military lands; payments in lieu of taxes on certain state lands; allocating, distributing, and accounting for payments; payments to be made from appropriations; list of lands.
Act 287 of 1919 ‑ HANSON MILITARY RESERVATION (32.231 - 32.236)
     Section 32.231 ‑ Hanson Military Reservation; recreational use by public, management.
     Section 32.232 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978.
     Section 32.233 ‑ Hanson Reservation; fresh air camps; erection of buildings.
     Section 32.234 ‑ Hanson Reservation; water, lights furnished by state.
     Section 32.235 ‑ Hanson Reservation; expenses of camps; available military stores.
     Section 32.236 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978.
Act 28 of 1934 (1st Ex. Sess.) ‑ HANSON MILITARY RESERVATION (32.241 - 32.241)
     Section 32.241 ‑ Hanson Reservation; transfer of lands and hunting, oil, and mineral rights to state military board.
Act 345 of 1927 ‑ Repealed-STATE ARMORY IN DETROIT (32.251 - 32.256)
Act 140 of 1953 ‑ Repealed-REIMBURSEMENT OF ENLISTED MEN FOR PERSONAL EXPENSE (32.261 - 32.262)
Act 133 of 1955 ‑ MILITARY LEAVES; REEMPLOYMENT PROTECTION (32.271 - 32.274)
     Section 32.271 ‑ Members of military or naval forces; discrimination prohibited.
     Section 32.272 ‑ Member of military or naval forces; employment discrimination or intimidation prohibited.
     Section 32.273 ‑ Member of military or naval forces; leave of absence from employment for military purposes; reemployment; priority; seniority, rights, and benefits; exception; action against employer; remedies; definitions.
     Section 32.273a ‑ Differential pay program; definitions.
     Section 32.274 ‑ Violation of act, penalty.
Act 81 of 2000 ‑ VETERANS SPEAKERS PROGRAM (32.281 - 32.283)
     Section 32.281 ‑ Veterans speakers program; creation; duties of directorate.
     Section 32.282 ‑ Other instruction; participation in program.
     Section 32.283 ‑ Annual report.
Act 297 of 1957 ‑ Repealed-MICHIGAN CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE (32.301 - 32.427)
     Section 32.431 ‑ Short title.
     Section 32.432 ‑ Definitions.
     Section 32.433 ‑ Michigan national guard tuition assistance program.
     Section 32.434 ‑ Michigan national guard tuition assistance fund.
Act 150 of 1967 ‑ MICHIGAN MILITARY ACT (32.501 - 32.851)
     150‑1967‑1 ‑ CHAPTER 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS (32.501...32.533)
          Section 32.501 ‑ Michigan military act; short title.
          Section 32.503 ‑ Michigan military act; intent, construction.
          Section 32.505 ‑ Definitions.
          Section 32.507 ‑ Rules and regulations for administration of act; promulgation by adjutant general.
          Section 32.509 ‑ State military establishment; composition; organized and unorganized militia.
          Section 32.511 ‑ State code of military justice; application; jury and posse comitatus duties.
          Section 32.513 ‑ Officers and enlisted personnel; pay and allowances; appropriations.
          Section 32.514 ‑ Administrative workday and workweek during active state service or special duty; actual workday and workweek.
          Section 32.515 ‑ Subsistence.
          Section 32.516 ‑ Expired. 1978, Act 567, Eff. Jan. 1, 1982.
          Section 32.517 ‑ Privilege from arrest and imprisonment; exemption from levy of execution, seizure, or attachment; adjournment of pending lawsuits; forfeitures; seizure or sale of chattels; utility service.
          Section 32.519 ‑ National guard compensation board; members, appointment and duties.
          Section 32.521 ‑ Line of duty; definition.
          Section 32.523 ‑ Line of duty; construction, presumptions.
          Section 32.525 ‑ Duty; construction.
          Section 32.527 ‑ Leave accrual during active state service or special duty; leave without pay.
          Section 32.529 ‑ Officers and enlisted personnel; continuation until expiration of term.
          Section 32.531 ‑ Officers' bonds; force and effect.
          Section 32.533 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 99, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2013.
     150‑1967‑2 ‑ CHAPTER 2 POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE GOVERNOR (32.551...32.582)
          Section 32.551 ‑ Governor as commander-in-chief of Michigan National Guard; order to active state service; order by adjutant general; conditions; order by governor under other circumstances.
          Section 32.555 ‑ Unorganized militia; power of the governor.
          Section 32.559 ‑ Mutual military assistance agreement with other states or reciprocal agreements for emergency assistance to other states.
          Section 32.563 ‑ State military forces; pursuit of insurrectionist, saboteur, or enemy into another state; captives, surrender and extradition.
          Section 32.567 ‑ Military forces of another state; pursuit of insurrectionist, saboteur, or enemy into this state; surrender of captives; construction of section.
          Section 32.571 ‑ Reorganization of military establishment; transfer of personnel.
          Section 32.575 ‑ Declaration of martial law.
          Section 32.579 ‑ Command of state military personnel; militia on active service; duties, liabilities, and immunities; defense of civil action or criminal prosecution.
          Section 32.581 ‑ Officers and warrant officers; appointment, promotion.
          Section 32.582 ‑ Governor; awards for services rendered to military establishment.
     150‑1967‑3 ‑ CHAPTER 3 THE NATIONAL GUARD (32.601...32.637)
          Section 32.601 ‑ National guard; composition.
          Section 32.605 ‑ Commanding officers; duties and responsibilities.
          Section 32.613 ‑ Officers; appointment, qualifications; merger of national guard and reserve component.
          Section 32.617 ‑ Officers; oath required, time.
          Section 32.621 ‑ Enlistment periods.
          Section 32.625 ‑ Oath of person enlisting in national guard.
          Section 32.629 ‑ Administration of oaths and affirmations.
          Section 32.633 ‑ Enlistments and commissions; continuation after termination of national emergency; discharges.
          Section 32.636 ‑ Department-administered post-traumatic stress disorder questionnaire and traumatic brain injury questionnaire.
          Section 32.637 ‑ Certificates of discharge; discharge before expiration of term; presentment to home counties for recording.
     150‑1967‑4 ‑ CHAPTER 4 STATE DEFENSE FORCE (32.651...32.687)
          Section 32.651 ‑ Michigan volunteer defense force; conditions for activating; limitation on organization; list of former officers, warrant officers, and enlisted personnel; funding; reference to Michigan defense force; affirmative action guidelines; weapons; reports.
          Section 32.655 ‑ State defense force and unorganized militia; determination of emergency.
          Section 32.659 ‑ Service or enlistment; duration.
          Section 32.663 ‑ Oaths required of officers and enlisted personnel.
          Section 32.667 ‑ Oaths and affirmations; administration by commissioned officer.
          Section 32.671 ‑ Officers and enlisted personnel; appointment, duties and authority; records.
          Section 32.675 ‑ Officers and enlisted personnel; qualifications for appointment and promotion; application of act.
          Section 32.679 ‑ Training and discipline regulations.
          Section 32.683 ‑ Pay and allowances.
          Section 32.687 ‑ Michigan state troops; references.
          Section 32.700 ‑ Adjutant general; rank, powers, and duties.
          Section 32.702 ‑ Adjutant general; appointment; qualifications; tenure; pay and allowances; oath of office; retirement.
          Section 32.704 ‑ Assistant adjutants general; army, air; appointment, qualifications, duties, pay and allowances, tenure.
          Section 32.705 ‑ Repealed. 1988, Act 493, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 1988.
          Section 32.706 ‑ Adjutant general and assistant adjutants general; retirement benefits.
          Section 32.708 ‑ Adjutant general and assistant adjutants general; bonds, amounts, premiums, filing.
          Section 32.710 ‑ Adjutant general; powers and duties; location of office; seal; copies of orders, records, and papers as evidence.
          Section 32.712 ‑ Quartermaster general; transfer of duties to adjutant general.
          Section 32.716 ‑ Federal grants; military facilities; insurance programs.
          Section 32.718 ‑ Inspector general; appointment.
          Section 32.720 ‑ Staff judge advocate; appointment, qualifications, duties; military justice, claims.
          Section 32.726 ‑ Accounting of federal and state military funds and property; bonding of disbursing and distributing officers.
          Section 32.728 ‑ Inclusion of civilian positions and personnel of military establishment in classified state civil or state senior service; calling officers and enlisted personnel to special duty; pay and allowances of special duty personnel; charging leave against federal military pay.
          Section 32.730 ‑ Selective service; planning, training.
          Section 32.732 ‑ Reports of survey for lost, damaged or destroyed federal property.
          Section 32.734 ‑ Certificates of prior service.
          Section 32.736 ‑ Armories, air bases and naval installations; use of intoxicating liquor, local approval.
          Section 32.737 ‑ Use of property for production of film; authorization; prohibited use; cooperation with Michigan film office; definitions.
          Section 32.738 ‑ Possession of concealed weapon; compliance with state laws.
          Section 32.740 ‑ Adjutant general; preparation of federal and state reports and returns.
     150‑1967‑6 ‑ CHAPTER 6 ARMORIES AND RESERVATIONS (32.750...32.790)
          Section 32.750 ‑ Armories; acquisition, management, use.
          Section 32.752 ‑ Armories and military facilities; operation and control by adjutant general; application for funds.
          Section 32.754 ‑ Armory manager; duties; rental of armories to outside parties.
          Section 32.756 ‑ Armories and military facilities; subject to state sanitation, health, fire protection and prevention, and special regulations.
          Section 32.760 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 99, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2013.
          Section 32.762 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 99, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2013.
          Section 32.764 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 99, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2013.
          Section 32.766 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 99, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2013.
          Section 32.768 ‑ Gifts of property and money; purpose; deposit and use of money; acceptance and execution of deeds.
          Section 32.772 ‑ Title to real property.
          Section 32.772a ‑ Property used for military purposes.
          Section 32.774 ‑ Condemnation of property for military purposes.
          Section 32.776 ‑ Granting of easements; public utilities; restrictions.
          Section 32.778 ‑ Deed of property for erection of armory.
          Section 32.780 ‑ Local zoning ordinances; applicability; conformance to local government master plan.
          Section 32.782 ‑ Armories, military facilities, and lands; disposal; approval by state administrative board; report to legislative committees.
          Section 32.782a ‑ Michigan national guard armory construction fund; creation; depositing money into fund; reversion; expenditure; purpose; investing unexpended portion and crediting earnings.
          Section 32.784 ‑ Camp Grayling military reservation; title.
          Section 32.788 ‑ Camp Grayling; transfer; control, exchange, or sale of lands; approval of legislature.
          Section 32.790 ‑ Repealed. 2013, Act 99, Imd. Eff. July 2, 2013.
     150‑1967‑7 ‑ CHAPTER 7 RETIREMENT (32.801...32.851)
          Section 32.801 ‑ Retirement; national guard and defense force personnel.
          Section 32.803 ‑ Officers; transfers to the inactive national guard; discharge upon resignation.
          Section 32.805 ‑ Retired national guard officers; enrollment on military retirement list.
          Section 32.806 ‑ Retired personnel; return to active service, removal from military retirement list.
          Section 32.807 ‑ Retired personnel; pay or emoluments; recall to active duty; restoration to retirement status.
          Section 32.809 ‑ Retired officers; eligibility for court detail or other specific temporary special duty; compensation; restoration to retirement status.
          Section 32.810 ‑ "Eligible surviving spouse" defined; retirement pay; survivor's benefit for eligible surviving spouse; retirement pay received from federal government for military service.
          Section 32.811 ‑ Retirement on completion of not less than 20 years of active service; eligibility; annual amount; amount to be received by spouse upon death of person.
          Section 32.815 ‑ Retirement pay; limitations on eligibility.
          Section 32.817 ‑ Active service; definition.
          Section 32.821 ‑ Repealed. 2000, Act 427, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 2001.
          Section 32.825 ‑ Retirement of full-time employees of military establishment; exceptions; state employees' retirement system.
          Section 32.831 ‑ Previously retired personnel; retirement pay; deductions; service credits, accrual.
          Section 32.833 ‑ Transfer of officer, warrant officer or enlisted person to state civil service; election as to transfer of retirement credits; computation of retirement; forfeiture of other retirement.
          Section 32.835 ‑ Retirement pay at age sixty; eligibility; deductions from state benefits.
          Section 32.851 ‑ Repeals.
E.R.O. No. 2005‑3 ‑ EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION ORDER (32.861 - 32.861)
     Section 32.861 ‑ Transfer of powers and duties of state military board to department of military and veterans affairs by type III transfer; dissolution and abolishment of state military board.
Act 523 of 1980 ‑ MICHIGAN CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE OF 1980 (32.1001 - 32.1148)
     523‑1980‑1 ‑ ARTICLE 1 (32.1001...32.1006)
          Section 32.1001 ‑ Short title.
          Section 32.1002 ‑ Definitions.
          Section 32.1003 ‑ Applicability; convening and holding courts-martial and courts of inquiry out of state; offenses committed out of state; trial and punishment.
          Section 32.1004 ‑ Relieving person from trial by court-martial; limitation; trial by court-martial of person charged with fraudulently obtaining discharge; effect of conviction.
          Section 32.1005 ‑ Application by dismissed officer for trial by court-martial; convening general court-martial; jurisdiction; waiver of right to plead statute of limitations; affirming dismissal; substituting discharge authorized for administrative issuance; reappointment of officer.
          Section 32.1006 ‑ State judge advocate general and assistants or legal officers; appointment; eligibility; inspections; communications; person acting in court-martial case prohibited from acting as staff judge advocate or legal officer to, or as a member of, reviewing authority or military appeals tribunal on same case.
     523‑1980‑2 ‑ ARTICLE 2 (32.1007...32.1014)
          Section 32.1007 ‑ Persons authorized to apprehend persons subject to code; fees or charges.
          Section 32.1008 ‑ Apprehension of person charged with violation by civil law enforcement officer.
          Section 32.1009 ‑ "Arrest" defined; arrest by military superior; probable cause; authority to secure custody of alleged offender not limited.
          Section 32.1010 ‑ Arrest or confinement; warrant of arrest; service; place of confinement.
          Section 32.1011 ‑ Refusal to receive or keep prisoner committed; statement; report to commanding officer of prisoner; taking prisoner from pretrial custody of person other than state military forces; informing prisoner of charges and right to counsel.
          Section 32.1013 ‑ Bail.
          Section 32.1014 ‑ Trial by court-martial limited to certain violations; delivery of person subject to code to civil authority for trial; conviction in civil tribunal; return to military custody for completion of sentence of court-martial.
     523‑1980‑3 ‑ ARTICLE 3 (32.1015...32.1015)
          Section 32.1015 ‑ Disciplinary punishment for minor offense; combination; serving correctional custody; imposition of punishment upon enlisted member by officer in charge; suspension, remission, or mitigation of punishment; appeal; disciplinary punishment not bar to trial by court-martial; records of proceedings; right to demand trial by court-martial; applicability of forfeiture to pay and allowances.
     523‑1980‑4 ‑ ARTICLE 4 (32.1016...32.1021)
          Section 32.1016 ‑ Kinds of courts-martial.
          Section 32.1017 ‑ Attachment of court-martial jurisdiction and trial of accused during period of active state duty.
          Section 32.1018 ‑ General court-martial; jurisdiction; powers of punishment.
          Section 32.1019 ‑ Special court-martial; jurisdiction; powers of punishment.
          Section 32.1020 ‑ Summary court-martial; jurisdiction; objection by accused; sentences.
          Section 32.1021 ‑ Court-martial; sentencing person to confinement instead of imposing fine.
     523‑1980‑5 ‑ ARTICLE 5 (32.1022...32.1029)
          Section 32.1022 ‑ General court-martial; convening by order of governor or state adjutant general.
          Section 32.1023 ‑ Special court-martial; convening authority.
          Section 32.1024 ‑ Summary court-martial; convening authority.
          Section 32.1025 ‑ Members for courts-martial; selection; eligibility; qualifications.
          Section 32.1026 ‑ General or special court-martial; military judge.
          Section 32.1027 ‑ General and special court-martial; trial counsel and defense counsel; assistants.
          Section 32.1028 ‑ General or special court-martial; court reporters; interpreters.
          Section 32.1029 ‑ General or special court-martial; members not to be absent or excused after arraignment; exceptions; reduction of membership below specified number; procedure.
     523‑1980‑6 ‑ ARTICLE 6 (32.1030...32.1035)
          Section 32.1030 ‑ Preferring charges and specifications; signature; oath; disposition; informing accused of charges.
          Section 32.1031 ‑ Self-incrimination; interrogation of accused or suspect; compelling statement or evidence not material to issue and tending to degrade person; statements obtained from person not to be received in evidence; persons bound by requirements of section; duties of interrogator.
          Section 32.1032 ‑ Investigation of matters set forth in charge or specification; conduct; formal report; contents; informing accused of rights and other matters; opportunity for cross-examination and for presentation; demand for further investigation.
          Section 32.1033 ‑ Officer exercising special court-martial jurisdiction over accused to forward charges to governor; report.
          Section 32.1034 ‑ Convening authority to refer charge to state judge advocate for consideration and advice before trial; referring charge to general court-martial for trial; formal corrections and changes in charges and specifications.
          Section 32.1035 ‑ Service of charges upon accused; person not to be brought to trial within specified time period.
     523‑1980‑7 ‑ ARTICLE 7 (32.1036...32.1054)
          Section 32.1036 ‑ Procedure to conform with code, rules, and manual for courts-martial United States, 1969; rules of evidence.
          Section 32.1037 ‑ Convening authority or commanding officer; censuring, reprimanding, or admonishing court; coercing or influencing by unauthorized means; action of court-martial or member of court-martial; applicability; preparing report or making determination concerning advancement, assignment, transfer, or retention of member of state military forces.
          Section 32.1038 ‑ Duties of trial counsel; right of accused to representation by civilian counsel, military counsel, or defense counsel; associate counsel; conviction; brief; assistant trial counsel and assistant defense counsel; performance of duties.
          Section 32.1039 ‑ Military judge; calling court into session without presence of members; purposes; proceedings to be made part of record and conducted in presence of certain persons.
          Section 32.1040 ‑ Continuances.
          Section 32.1041 ‑ Challenges for cause and peremptory challenges.
          Section 32.1042 ‑ Persons required to take oath or affirmation in presence of accused; examination of witnesses on oath or affirmation.
          Section 32.1043 ‑ Trial and punishment; limitations; computation of time period.
          Section 32.1044 ‑ Trial of accused twice for same offense prohibited.
          Section 32.1045 ‑ Entering plea of not guilty in record; entering finding of guilty where plea of guilty made and accepted; withdrawal of guilty plea.
          Section 32.1046 ‑ Obtaining witnesses and other evidence; equal opportunity; powers of military judge or summary court officer; process issued in court-martial to run to any part of state.
          Section 32.1047 ‑ Offenses against state; compliance with subpoena; attendance, qualification, and testifying as witness; production of evidence; trial; jurisdiction; punishment.
          Section 32.1048 ‑ Military court; contempt power; punishment.
          Section 32.1049 ‑ Depositions.
          Section 32.1050 ‑ Reading in evidence sworn testimony of person whose oral testimony not obtainable; conditions.
          Section 32.1050a ‑ Lack of mental responsibility as affirmative defense.
          Section 32.1051 ‑ Voting by members of court-martial on findings and on sentence; rulings by military judge upon questions of law or interlocutory questions; finality; instructing court as to elements of offense and charge; court-martial composed of military judge only; procedure.
          Section 32.1052 ‑ Conviction and sentence; concurrence of 2/3 of members present required; determination of questions by majority vote or lesser vote; tie vote.
          Section 32.1053 ‑ Announcement by court-martial of findings and sentence.
          Section 32.1054 ‑ Record of proceedings; authentication; contents; filing original and copies of trial record.
     523‑1980‑8 ‑ ARTICLE 8 (32.1055...32.1058)
          Section 32.1055 ‑ Cruel or unusual punishment prohibited; use of irons prohibited; exception.
          Section 32.1056 ‑ Punishment and sentence; limits.
          Section 32.1057 ‑ Sentence; forfeiture of pay or allowances; confinement; effective date; deferring service of sentence to confinement by governor; termination and rescission of deferment.
          Section 32.1058 ‑ Sentence of confinement; execution; discipline and treatment to which imprisoned person subject; omission of words “hard labor” from sentence; duty of keeper or officer in charge of county jail to receive or confine prisoner; form of writ; fine; commitment of accused upon failure to pay fine; form; proceeds of fines; costs of prosecution.
     523‑1980‑9 ‑ ARTICLE 9 (32.1060...32.1075)
          Section 32.1060 ‑ Forwarding record to convening authority as reviewing authority; exception; action on record.
          Section 32.1061 ‑ Referring record to state judge advocate; review and opinion.
          Section 32.1062 ‑ Returning record to court for action; reasons.
          Section 32.1063 ‑ Disapproval by convening authority of findings and sentence; reasons; rehearing; dismissal of charges; sentence.
          Section 32.1064 ‑ Approval by convening authority of findings of guilty and sentence; approval of sentence as approval of findings.
          Section 32.1065 ‑ Finality of action on review of trial record where governor is convening authority; review of trial record by state judge advocate general; opinion; final action; authority of governor or state judge advocate general in reviewable cases; instructing convening authority to take action pursuant to state judge advocate general's decision or review; exception; dismissal of charges upon finding rehearing impracticable; boards of review; composition; authority and powers; effect of error of law on finding or sentence; approving or affirming so much of finding of guilty which includes lesser included offense.
          Section 32.1066 ‑ Final military review of sentence of general court-martial or of sentence to dishonorable discharge by special court-martial; right to counsel; appointment by convening authority; representation by civilian counsel.
          Section 32.1067 ‑ Military appeals tribunal; establishment; location; appointment, reappointment, and terms of members; eligibility; appointment and duties of chairperson; quorum; concurrence necessary for decision; removal of member; legal, technical, and secretarial assistance; compensation and expenses; appellate jurisdiction; petition for review; action by tribunal; granting stay or deferring service of sentence; setting aside findings and sentence; ordering rehearing or dismissing charges; returning record to state judge advocate general; further action.
          Section 32.1068 ‑ Appeal from final decision of military appeals tribunal.
          Section 32.1070 ‑ Trial counsel and defense counsel to serve as appellate counsel; right to civilian counsel; disability of defense or trial counsel.
          Section 32.1071 ‑ Execution of sentence; approval; suspension.
          Section 32.1072 ‑ Violation of probation; hearing; representation by counsel; sending record of hearing and recommendation for action to governor or commanding officer of force; vacating suspension of sentence.
          Section 32.1073 ‑ Petition for new trial; grounds; time limitation.
          Section 32.1074 ‑ Remitting or suspending part or amount of unexecuted sentence; substituting administrative form of discharge for dishonorable discharge or dismissal.
          Section 32.1075 ‑ Restoration of rights, privileges, and property affected by executed part of court-martial sentence that is set aside or disapproved; exception; substituting administrative form of discharge where previously executed sentence of dishonorable discharge or dismissal not imposed on new trial; exception; reappointment of dismissed officer.
     523‑1980‑10 ‑ ARTICLE 10 (32.1077...32.1134)
          Section 32.1077 ‑ Person subject to code as principal.
          Section 32.1078 ‑ Receiving, comforting, or assisting offender; punishment.
          Section 32.1079 ‑ Finding accused guilty of offense necessarily included in offense charged or of attempt to commit offense charged or offense necessarily included in offense charged.
          Section 32.1080 ‑ Attempt to commit offense; punishment; conviction of attempt where offense completed.
          Section 32.1081 ‑ Conspiracy; punishment.
          Section 32.1082 ‑ Soliciting or advising another to desert, mutiny, or commit act of misbehavior before enemy or sedition; punishment.
          Section 32.1083 ‑ Procuring enlistment or appointment by means of knowingly false representations or deliberate concealment as to qualifications; receiving pay or allowances; procuring separation by means of knowingly false representations or deliberate concealment as to eligibility.
          Section 32.1084 ‑ Effecting enlistment, appointment, or separation of person known to be ineligible; punishment.
          Section 32.1085 ‑ Desertion; member of state military forces not prohibited from accepting employment in another state or leaving state in pursuance of vocation, education, or profession; informing commanding officer of absence; waiver; punishment.
          Section 32.1086 ‑ Failure to go to, or going or remaining absent from, place of duty; punishment.
          Section 32.1087 ‑ Missing movement of ship, train, bus, motor convoy, vehicle, airplane, or unit; punishment.
          Section 32.1088 ‑ Use of contemptuous words; prohibition; violation.
          Section 32.1089 ‑ Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer; punishment.
          Section 32.1090 ‑ Striking, drawing or lifting up weapon, or offering violence against superior commissioned officer; wilful disobedience of lawful command; punishment.
          Section 32.1091 ‑ Prohibited acts by warrant officer or enlisted person; punishment.
          Section 32.1092 ‑ Violating or failing to obey lawful order, rule, or regulation; dereliction in performance of duties; punishment.
          Section 32.1093 ‑ Cruelty toward or oppression or maltreatment of person subject to person's orders; punishment.
          Section 32.1094 ‑ Mutiny, sedition, or failure to suppress or report mutiny or sedition; punishment.
          Section 32.1095 ‑ Resisting apprehension, breaking arrest, or escaping from custody or confinement; punishment.
          Section 32.1096 ‑ Releasing prisoner or permitting prisoner to escape; punishment.
          Section 32.1097 ‑ Wrongful apprehension, arrest, or confinement of person; punishment.
          Section 32.1098 ‑ Unnecessary delay in disposition of accused person's case; failure to enforce or comply with code provision regulating proceedings before, during, or after trial; punishment.
          Section 32.1099 ‑ Prohibited acts committed before or in presence of enemy, in peacetime emergency, or civil disturbance; punishment.
          Section 32.1100 ‑ Compelling or attempting to compel commander to abandon or give up to enemy place, vessel, aircraft, or property; striking colors or flag to enemy without authority; punishment.
          Section 32.1101 ‑ Disclosure of countersign or giving different countersign during declared state of emergency; punishment.
          Section 32.1102 ‑ Forcing a safeguard; punishment.
          Section 32.1103 ‑ Securing public property taken in performance of duty; giving notice and turning over to proper authority captured or abandoned property; prohibited acts; punishment.
          Section 32.1104 ‑ Aiding or attempting to aid enemy; harboring, protecting, or giving intelligence to, or communicating, corresponding, or holding intercourse with, enemy; punishment.
          Section 32.1105 ‑ Prohibited acts committed while in hands of captor during declared state of emergency or civil disturbance; punishment.
          Section 32.1107 ‑ Signing or making false document or false official statement; punishment.
          Section 32.1108 ‑ Loss, damage, destruction, or unauthorized sale or disposal of military property; punishment.
          Section 32.1109 ‑ Wasting, spoiling, or destroying property; punishment.
          Section 32.1111 ‑ Operation of military vehicle or aircraft while under influence of intoxicating liquor in reckless or wanton manner or without authority; punishment.
          Section 32.1112 ‑ Person found under influence of intoxicating liquor or controlled substance while in uniform or on state military property; punishment.
          Section 32.1113 ‑ Sentinel or guard found under influence of intoxicating liquor or controlled substance or sleeping upon post; leaving post before being relieved; punishment.
          Section 32.1114 ‑ Repealed. 2015, Act 210, Eff. Mar. 14, 2016.
          Section 32.1115 ‑ Feigning illness, physical disablement, mental lapse, or derangement, or intentionally inflicting self-injury to avoid work, duty, or service; punishment.
          Section 32.1116 ‑ Causing or participating in riot or breach of peace; punishment.
          Section 32.1117 ‑ Using provoking or reproachful words or gestures while in duty status; punishment.
          Section 32.1121 ‑ Depriving owner of property or money; larceny; punishment.
          Section 32.1131 ‑ Giving false testimony in a proceeding as perjury; punishment.
          Section 32.1132 ‑ Making false claims; prohibited acts; punishment.
          Section 32.1133 ‑ Conduct unbecoming an officer; conviction; punishment.
          Section 32.1134 ‑ Cognizance by court-martial of a disorder or neglect to prejudice of good order and discipline; punishment.
     523‑1980‑11 ‑ ARTICLE 11 (32.1135...32.1148)
          Section 32.1135 ‑ Court of inquiry; convening authority; membership; appointment of counsel; rights of person having direct interest in subject of inquiry; challenges for cause; oath or affirmation; witnesses; findings of fact; record of proceedings; authentication.
          Section 32.1136 ‑ Officers having power to administer oaths; affidavits; signature and title of office as prima facie evidence of officer's authority.
          Section 32.1137 ‑ Sections to be explained to enlisted person; availability of code and rules.
          Section 32.1138 ‑ Complaint to superior officer concerning commanding officer; forwarding complaint to officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction; examination; redress; transmitting true statement of complaint with proceedings, to adjutant general.
          Section 32.1139 ‑ Complaint to commanding officer concerning wilful damage to, or wrongful taking of, property of person; convening board to investigate complaint; membership and powers of board; assessment, approval, and payment of damages.
          Section 32.1140 ‑ Delegation and subdelegation of authority vested in governor.
          Section 32.1141 ‑ Determining moral character, capacity, and general fitness of officer or warrant officer; efficiency board; unfavorable findings; demanding court of inquiry; adverse finding; discharge; procedural and other rules; right to counsel.
          Section 32.1142 ‑ Action or proceeding not to be prosecuted or maintained against convening authority, member of military court, or officer or person acting under convening authority or reviewing proceedings.
          Section 32.1143 ‑ Jurisdiction of military courts and board; presumption; burden of proof.
          Section 32.1144 ‑ Appointing and removing person or persons to execute or serve process, mandate, or order.
          Section 32.1145 ‑ Issuance of process, mandates, and subpoenas duces tecum; form; enforcement; person to whom directed; execution or service and return; demanding or requiring payment of fee or charge prohibited.
          Section 32.1146 ‑ Fine; payment; delivery; deduction from pay or allowance due delinquent offender; payment of fine or penalty to state treasurer.
          Section 32.1147 ‑ Rules.
          Section 32.1148 ‑ Repeal of MCL 32.301 to 32.427.

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