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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 123 of 2017
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Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, October 24, 2017 10:00:00 AM

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Act 176 of 1939
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Act 176 of 1939

AN ACT to create a commission relative to labor disputes, and to prescribe its powers and duties; to provide for the mediation and arbitration of labor disputes, and the holding of elections thereon; to regulate the conduct of parties to labor disputes and to require the parties to follow certain procedures; to regulate and limit the right to strike and picket; to protect the rights and privileges of employees, including the right to organize and engage in lawful concerted activities; to protect the rights and privileges of employers; to make certain acts unlawful; to make appropriations; and to prescribe means of enforcement and penalties for violations of this act.

History: 1939, Act 176, Imd. Eff. June 8, 1939 ;-- Am. 1947, Act 318, Eff. Oct. 11, 1947 ;-- Am. 1949, Act 230, Imd. Eff. May 31, 1949 ;-- Am. 1965, Act 282, Imd. Eff. July 22, 1965 ;-- Am. 1976, Act 17, Imd. Eff. Feb. 20, 1976 ;-- Am. 1978, Act 250, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1978 ;-- Am. 2012, Act 348, Eff. Mar. 28, 2013

© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

The People of the State of Michigan enact:

Section 423.1SectionDeclaration of public policy.
Section 423.2SectionDefinitions.
Section 423.3SectionEmployment relations commission; creation; appointment, qualifications, and terms of commissioners.
Section 423.4SectionEmployment relations commission; oath of commissioners; vacancies; chairman; removal; quorum; seal.
Section 423.5SectionEmployment relations commission; compensation and expenses of commissioners and employees.
Section 423.6SectionRepealed. 1978, Act 250, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1978.
Section 423.7SectionEmployment relations commission; principal office; office space; rules.
Section 423.7aSectionEmployment relations commission; conducting business at public meeting; notice of meeting; availability of certain writings to public.
Section 423.8SectionEmployees; rights.
Section 423.9SectionPrerequisites for strike or lockout; notice of dispute and statement of issues; mediation.
Section 423.9aSectionElection in case of impending strike; conduct and supervision; time; persons entitled to vote; secret ballot; place; rules; absentee voting; hearing on eligibility to vote; determination.
Section 423.9b, 423.9cSectionRepealed. 1978, Act 250, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1978.
Section 423.9dSectionVoluntary arbitration; existing collective agreement as binding on parties; agreement to arbitrate; designation of arbitrator; expense of arbitration; enforcement of agreement; hearings; notice; procedure; transcript; findings; opinion and award; enforcement of award.
Section 423.9eSectionBargaining unit.
Section 423.9fSectionMass picketing; threats or force, picketing private residence, misdemeanor.
Section 423.9gSectionCopy or statement of most recent offer submitted by employer to bargaining unit.
Section 423.10SectionSteps by commission to effect settlement.
Section 423.11SectionHearings; witnesses; oaths; evidence; subpoena; order requiring appearance; contempt; service of process or papers; proof of service.
Section 423.12SectionDisqualification of commissioner.
Section 423.13-423.13gSectionRepealed. 1978, Act 250, Imd. Eff. June 20, 1978.
Section 423.14SectionAgreements between employer and union; prohibitions; court jurisdiction; violation; penalty; civil action; appropriation.
Section 423.15SectionUnlawful possession of property; penalty.
Section 423.16SectionCompany unions; interference with unions and discrimination prohibited.
Section 423.17SectionProhibited conduct; violation; civil fine.
Section 423.17aSectionUnlawful picketing to force recognition or bargain with labor organization.
Section 423.19SectionLiberal construction of act; police powers.
Section 423.20SectionExpenses paid from legislated appropriations.
Section 423.22SectionUnlawful acts; legal or equitable remedy.
Section 423.22aSectionRepealed. 1949, Act 230, Imd. Eff. May 31, 1949.
Section 423.23SectionReview of rulings or orders by supreme court; exceptions; violations of certain provisions as unfair labor practices; remedies; procedures.
Section 423.24SectionConspiracy; penalty.
Section 423.25SectionWritten findings as to matters in disagreement; availability of writings to public.
Section 423.25aSectionConfidential information.
Section 423.26SectionCollective bargaining representatives; duties; grievances by individual employee; adjustment.
Section 423.27SectionPetition as to representation; investigation; hearing; election.
Section 423.28SectionDetermination of appropriate unit for collective bargaining.
Section 423.29SectionDirecting election in bargaining unit; eligibility to vote; rules; rerun and runoff elections; election on petition of persons not parties to collective bargaining agreement.
Section 423.30SectionDuty to bargain; collective bargaining, definition.
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