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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 171 of 2017
House: Adjourned until Thursday, December 28, 2017 11:45:00 AM
Senate: Adjourned until Thursday, December 28, 2017 11:30:00 AM

Michigan Legislature

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Section 211.1077

ALTERNATIVE STATE ESSENTIAL SERVICES ASSESSMENT ACT (EXCERPT)
Act 93 of 2014


211.1077 Alternative state essential services assessment; collection; administration; calculation; availability of electronic statement; revision and certification; payment; waiver or delay; disclosure; failure to certify statement and payment; notice; amendment of certified statement; failure to make full payment; ineligibility of property under MCL 211.9m and 211.9n; access to books and records; assessment as result of audit; appeal; filing combined document.

Sec. 7.

(1) The department shall collect and administer the alternative state essential services assessment as provided in this section.

(2) Not later than May 1 in each assessment year, the department shall make available in electronic form to each eligible claimant a statement for calculation of the assessment as provided in section 5. That statement shall be developed from the information submitted by the eligible claimant on the combined document as required by sections 9m and 9n of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9m and 211.9n.

(3) Not later than August 15 in each assessment year, each eligible claimant shall electronically revise as necessary and certify the completed statement and make full payment of the assessment levied under section 5 for that assessment year as calculated in section 5(2). The department may waive or delay the electronic certification requirement at its discretion. The department may accept a timely filed statement that calculates the tax under this act that is transmitted and certified using reporting software approved by the department, subject to audit under subsection (6). A statement certified by an eligible claimant shall include all of the eligible claimant's eligible personal property located in this state subject to the assessment levied under section 5. The statement required under this subsection shall not be subject to disclosure under the freedom of information act, 1976 PA 442, MCL 15.231 to 15.246.

(4) If an eligible claimant does not certify the statement and full payment of the assessment levied under section 5 by August 15, the department shall issue a notice to the eligible claimant not later than September 15. The notice shall include a statement explaining the consequences of nonpayment as set forth in subsection (5) and instructing the eligible claimant of its potential responsibility under subsection (5)(e). An eligible claimant shall submit payment in full by October 15 of the assessment year along with a penalty of 1% per week on the unpaid balance for each week payment is not made in full up to a maximum of 5% of the total amount due and unpaid. For the eligible claimant's first assessment year, the penalty shall be waived if the eligible claimant certifies the statement and makes full payment of the assessment levied under section 5 by September 15. An eligible claimant may amend a certified statement for the current year up to September 15. Payments made due to an amended statement are subject to the penalties as described in this subsection. The department shall issue refunds for overpayments due to an amended statement. All refunds due to overpayment shall be remitted without interest except as provided by section 37 of the tax tribunal act, 1973 PA 186, MCL 205.737.

(5) For any assessment year in which an eligible claimant does not submit payment in full and any penalty due under subsection (4) or (6) by October 15, or if the department discovers that the property is not eligible under section 9m or 9n of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9m and 211.9n, all of the following shall apply:

(a) The department shall issue an order to rescind no later than the first Monday in December for the assessment year any exemption described in section 9m or 9n of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9m and 211.9n, granted for any parcel for which payment in full and any penalty due have not been received or for which the department discovers that the property is not eligible under section 9m or 9n of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9m and 211.9n.

(b) Upon the request of the department, the state tax commission shall issue an order to rescind no later than the first Monday in December for the assessment year any exemption under section 9f of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9f, which exemption was approved under section 9f of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9f, after 2013 for any parcel for which payment in full and any penalty due have not been received or for which the state tax commission discovers that the property is not eligible personal property.

(c) Upon the request of the department, the state tax commission shall issue an order to rescind no later than the first Monday in December for the assessment year any exemption for eligible personal property subject to an extended industrial facilities exemption certificate under section 11a of 1974 PA 198, MCL 207.561a, for any parcel for which payment in full and any penalty due have not been received or for which the department discovers that the property is not eligible personal property.

(d) Upon the request of the department, the state tax commission shall issue an order to rescind no later than the first Monday in December for the assessment year any extended exemption for eligible personal property under section 9f(8)(a) of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9f, for any parcel for which payment in full and any penalty due have not been received or for which the department discovers that the property is not eligible personal property.

(e) The eligible claimant shall file with the assessor of the township or city within 30 days of the date of the rescission issued under subdivisions (a) to (d) a statement under section 19 of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.19, for all property for which the exemption has been rescinded under this section.

(f) Within 60 days of a rescission under subdivisions (a) to (d), the treasurer of the local tax collecting unit shall issue amended tax bills for any taxes, including penalty and interest, that were not billed under the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.1 to 211.155, or under 1974 PA 198, MCL 207.551 to 207.572, and that are owed as a result of the rescission.

(6) An eligible claimant shall provide access to the books and records, for audit purposes, relating to the location and description; the date of purchase, lease, or acquisition; and the purchase price, lease amount, or value of all personal property owned by, leased by, or in the possession of that person or a related entity if requested by the assessor of the township or city, county equalization department, or department for the year in which the statement is filed and the immediately preceding 3 years. The department shall develop and implement an audit program which includes, but is not limited to, the audit of statements submitted under subsection (3) and amended statements submitted under subsection (4) for the current calendar year and the 3 calendar years immediately preceding the commencement of an audit. An assessment as a result of an audit shall be paid in full within 35 days of issuance and shall include penalties and interest as described in section 154(3) of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.154. Refunds as a result of an audit under this subsection shall be without interest. The exemption for personal property for which an assessment has been issued as a result of an audit under this subsection shall be subject to the rescission provisions of subsection (5) for the years of the assessment if full payment is not timely made as required by this subsection.

(7) An eligible claimant may appeal an assessment levied under section 5 or a penalty or rescission under this section to the Michigan tax tribunal by filing a petition not later than December 31 in that tax year. An eligible claimant may appeal an assessment issued, including penalties, interest, or rescission, as a result of an audit conducted under subsection (6) by filing a petition with the Michigan tax tribunal within 35 days of the date of that assessment's issuance. The department may appeal to the Michigan tax tribunal by filing a petition for the current calendar year and 3 immediately preceding calendar years.

(8) The department may require eligible claimants to annually file by February 20 each year a combined document that includes the form to claim the exemption under sections 9f(9), 9m, and 9n of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9f, 211.9m, and 211.9n, and under section 11a of 1974 PA 198, MCL 207.561a, a report of the fair market value and year of acquisition by the first owner of eligible personal property, and for any year before 2023, a statement under section 19 of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.19. All of the following apply to the filing of a combined document under this subsection:

(a) The combined document shall be in a form prescribed by the department.

(b) As provided in sections 9m and 9n of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211.9m and 211.9n, leasing companies are not eligible to receive the exemption for qualified new personal property and qualified previously existing personal property and may not use the combined document prescribed in this section. With respect to personal property that is the subject of a lease agreement, regardless of whether the agreement constitutes a lease for financial or tax purposes, all of the following apply:

(i) If the personal property is eligible manufacturing personal property, the lessee and lessor may elect that the lessee report the leased personal property on the combined document.

(ii) An election made by the lessor and the lessee under this subdivision shall be made in a form and manner approved by the department.

(iii) Absent an election, the personal property shall be reported by the lessor on the personal property statement unless the exemption for eligible manufacturing personal property is claimed by the lessee on the combined document.

(c) For eligible personal property exempt under the Michigan renaissance zone act, 1996 PA 376, MCL 125.2681 to 125.2696, an eligible claimant shall report the fair market value of that personal property at the time of acquisition by the first owner, including the cost of freight, sales tax, installation, and other capitalized costs, except capitalized interest.

(d) The combined document shall be filed with the assessor of the township or city in which the eligible personal property is located.

(e) The assessor shall transmit the information contained in the combined document filed under this subsection, and other parcel information required by the department, to the department in the form and in the manner prescribed by the department no later than April 1.


History: 2014, Act 93, Eff. Aug. 22, 2014 ;-- Am. 2015, Act 121, Imd. Eff. July 10, 2015 ;-- Am. 2016, Act 109, Imd. Eff. May 6, 2016
Compiler's Notes: Enacting section 1 of Act 93 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 1. This act does not take effect unless Senate Bill No. 822 of the 97th Legislature is approved by a majority of the qualified electors of this state voting on the question at an election to be held on the August regular election date in 2014."Enacting section 2 of Act 93 of 2014 provides:"Enacting section 2. The legislature declares that stable local government funding and a tax system that allows individuals, small businesses, and large businesses to thrive and create jobs in this state are priorities of state government. The legislature also declares that all state priorities should be considered in enacting any legislation that has a fiscal impact and that any costs should be managed in a fiscally responsible way. In furtherance of these objectives, the legislature has reduced the state use tax under section 3 of the use tax act, 1937 PA 94, MCL 205.93, and replaced the portion reduced with a use tax levied by the local community stabilization authority on behalf of local units of government throughout this state to provide more stable funding for local units of government than exists today. It is the intent of the legislature to offset the fiscal impact on the state general fund resulting from the reduction of the state use tax with new revenue generated by the assessment levied under this act and with new revenue resulting from the expiration of over $630,000,000.00 in expiring refundable tax credits that were awarded to individual businesses under tax laws enacted by past legislatures."
Compiler's Notes: Pursuant to section 34 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963, a legislative referendum on Act 80 of 2014 was presented to the electors as Proposal 14-1 at the August 5, 2014 primary election. The proposal read as follows:“APPROVAL OR DISAPPROVAL OF AMENDATORY ACT TO REDUCE STATE USE TAX AND REPLACE WITH A LOCAL COMMUNITY STABILIZATION SHARE TO MODERNIZE THE TAX SYSTEM TO HELP SMALL BUSINESSES GROW AND CREATE JOBS The amendatory act adopted by the Legislature would: 1. Reduce the state use tax and replace with a local community stabilization share of the tax for the purpose of modernizing the tax system to help small businesses grow and create jobs in Michigan. 2. Require Local Community Stabilization Authority to provide revenue to local governments dedicated for local purposes, including police safety, fire protection, and ambulance emergency services. 3. Increase portion of state use tax dedicated for aid to local school districts. 4. Prohibit Authority from increasing taxes. 5. Prohibit total use tax rate from exceeding existing constitutional 6% limitation. Should this law be approved? YES [ ] NO [ ]”.Act 80 of 2014 was approved by a majority of the voters at the August 5, 2014 primary election. The election results were certified by the Michigan Board of State Canvassers on August 22, 2014.


© 2017 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

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