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Michigan Legislature
Michigan Compiled Laws Complete Through PA 178 of 2019
House: Adjourned until Tuesday, January 28, 2020 1:30:00 PM
Senate: Adjourned until Tuesday, January 28, 2020 10:00:00 AM


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NOTE: Dates reflect any modification to item, not necessarily a change in law.

Chapters 81 - 113 - FOURTH CLASS CITIES
Act 215 of 1895 ‑ THE FOURTH CLASS CITY ACT (81.1 - 113.20)
     215‑1895‑I ‑ CHAPTER I INCORPORATION. (81.1...81.18)
          Section 81.1 ‑ Fourth class cities.
          Section 81.1a ‑ Short title; definitions.
          Section 81.1b ‑ Fourth class cities; construction of act; validation of amendments and acts.
          Section 81.1c ‑ Incorporated city as home rule city; charter.
          Section 81.1d ‑ Emergency financial manager; authority and responsibilities.
          Section 81.2 ‑ Incorporation.
          Section 81.3 ‑ Incorporation; petition; resolution of village council; referendum.
          Section 81.4 ‑ Election; notices, contents.
          Section 81.5 ‑ Election; qualified voters; form of submission, canvass; return.
          Section 81.6 ‑ Election; authorizing vote; resolution of council, contents; records.
          Section 81.7 ‑ Election results; adoption, recording; declaration of incorporation, filing.
          Section 81.8 ‑ Village deemed fourth class city; evidence.
          Section 81.9 ‑ Village deemed fourth class city; officers in power.
          Section 81.10 ‑ Village deemed fourth class city; division into wards.
          Section 81.11 ‑ First election of new city; time, procedure.
          Section 81.12 ‑ First election of new city; prerequisites.
          Section 81.13 ‑ Inspectors of election; oath, duties.
          Section 81.14 ‑ Inspectors of first election; duties.
          Section 81.15 ‑ Fourth class city; bodies corporate.
          Section 81.16 ‑ Fourth class cities; judicial notice taken; changes in organization.
          Section 81.17 ‑ Existing ordinances, by-laws, resolutions.
          Section 81.18 ‑ Status of former rights; liabilities; remedies.
     215‑1895‑II ‑ CHAPTER II CHANGES OF BOUNDARIES. (82.1...82.2)
          Section 82.1 ‑ Change of boundaries; procedure; order of determination, entry upon records; approval by electors of territory affected.
          Section 82.2 ‑ Change of boundaries; rights and liabilities of annexed territory.
     215‑1895‑III ‑ CHAPTER III WARDS. (83.1...83.4)
          Section 83.1 ‑ Existing wards.
          Section 83.2 ‑ Wards; number, apportionment.
          Section 83.3 ‑ Wards; existing ward officers or aldermen.
          Section 83.4 ‑ New wards; aldermen, terms.
     215‑1895‑IV ‑ CHAPTER IV ELECTORS AND REGISTRATION. (84.1...84.8)
          Section 84.1 ‑ Electors; qualifications; registration; precincts.
          Section 84.2‑84.8 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
     215‑1895‑V ‑ CHAPTER V OFFICERS. (85.1...85.19)
          Section 85.1 ‑ Election of certain city officers.
          Section 85.2 ‑ Ward officers; election, term.
          Section 85.3 ‑ Appointment, powers, and duties of city officers; availability of writings to public.
          Section 85.3a ‑ Conducting business at public meeting; notice.
          Section 85.4 ‑ City officers; appointment, time.
          Section 85.5 ‑ First election; election and terms of aldermen.
          Section 85.6 ‑ City officers; terms.
          Section 85.7 ‑ Appointive officers; terms, vacancies.
          Section 85.8 ‑ Entering upon duties of offices.
          215‑1895‑V‑QUALIFICATIONS‑OATH-AND‑BOND‑OF‑OFFICE. ‑ QUALIFICATIONS, OATH AND BOND OF OFFICE. (85.9...85.13)
               Section 85.9 ‑ City offices; qualifications; defaulters, election or appointment void.
               Section 85.10 ‑ Oath of office.
               Section 85.11 ‑ Bond or security.
               Section 85.12 ‑ Required bond; sufficiency of sureties, inquiry; examination annexed to bond.
               Section 85.13 ‑ New bonds; failure to comply.
          215‑1895‑V‑VACANCIES‑IN‑OFFICE. ‑ VACANCIES IN OFFICE. (85.14...85.19)
               Section 85.14 ‑ Resignations.
               Section 85.15 ‑ Office declared vacant.
               Section 85.16 ‑ Office declared vacant; failure to file oath or bond.
               Section 85.17 ‑ Vacancies; filling.
               Section 85.18 ‑ Vacating officer; liabilities.
               Section 85.19 ‑ Property turned over to successor; penalty.
     215‑1895‑VI ‑ CHAPTER VI ELECTIONS. (86.1...86.16)
          Section 86.1 ‑ Annual city election; time, place.
          Section 86.2 ‑ Special election; resolution of council.
          Section 86.3‑86.9 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
          Section 86.10 ‑ Elections; manner conducted.
          Section 86.11 ‑ Violation of MCL 168.1 to 168.992 applicable to petitions; penalties.
          Section 86.12 ‑ Vote by ballot.
          Section 86.13, 86.14 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
          Section 86.15 ‑ Notification of election or appointment.
          Section 86.16 ‑ Oath of office or bond; failure to file; notice by clerk.
     215‑1895‑VII ‑ CHAPTER VII DUTIES AND COMPENSATION OF OFFICERS. (87.1...87.40)
          215‑1895‑VII‑MAYOR. ‑ MAYOR. (87.1...87.4)
               Section 87.1 ‑ Mayor; duties.
               Section 87.2 ‑ Mayor; conservator of peace; limitation.
               Section 87.3 ‑ Mayor; suspension of appointed officers, procedure; records, inspection.
               Section 87.4 ‑ Mayor; vacancy in office, president pro tem.
          215‑1895‑VII‑ALDERMEN. ‑ ALDERMEN. (87.5...87.5)
               Section 87.5 ‑ Aldermen; powers, duties.
          215‑1895‑VII‑CITY‑CLERK. ‑ CITY CLERK. (87.6...87.10)
               Section 87.6 ‑ City clerk; powers, duties.
               Section 87.7 ‑ City clerk; general accountant; tax reports.
               Section 87.8 ‑ Supervision duties over moneys and property; accounts.
               Section 87.9 ‑ Financial report to council.
               Section 87.10 ‑ Deputy; appointment, duties; responsibility of clerk.
          215‑1895‑VII‑CITY‑TREASURER. ‑ CITY TREASURER. (87.11...87.15)
               Section 87.11 ‑ City treasurer; powers; duties; depositary, bond; deputy.
               Section 87.12 ‑ Financial reports; time.
               Section 87.13 ‑ Payment receipts and vouchers.
               Section 87.14 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
               Section 87.15 ‑ Public moneys; prohibited handling; removal from office.
          215‑1895‑VII‑CITY‑MARSHAL. ‑ CITY MARSHAL. (87.16...87.19)
               Section 87.16 ‑ City marshal; chief of police and peace officer; duties.
               Section 87.17 ‑ City marshal; suppression of riots.
               Section 87.18 ‑ Monthly report to council; contents; moneys, disposition.
               Section 87.19 ‑ Fees.
          215‑1895‑VII‑CITY‑ATTORNEY. ‑ CITY ATTORNEY. (87.20...87.20)
               Section 87.20 ‑ City attorney; duties.
          215‑1895‑VII‑CITY‑SURVEYOR. ‑ CITY SURVEYOR. (87.21...87.21)
               Section 87.21 ‑ City surveyor; powers, duties.
          215‑1895‑VII‑STREET‑COMMISSIONER. ‑ STREET COMMISSIONER. (87.22...87.23)
               Section 87.22 ‑ Street commissioner; duties.
               Section 87.23 ‑ Monthly report to council; contents; marshal as street commissioner.
          215‑1895‑VII‑CONSTABLES. ‑ CONSTABLES. (87.24...87.25)
               Section 87.24 ‑ Constables; powers, duties.
               Section 87.25 ‑ Neglect or refusal to perform duty; penalty; bond.
          215‑1895‑VII‑SUPERVISORS. ‑ SUPERVISORS. (87.26...87.27)
               Section 87.26 ‑ Supervisors; powers, duties; representation upon county board.
               Section 87.27 ‑ Selection of jury lists.
          215‑1895‑VII‑JUSTICES‑OF‑THE‑PEACE. ‑ JUSTICES OF THE PEACE. (87.28...87.37)
               Section 87.28‑87.36 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
               Section 87.37 ‑ Additional powers and liabilities of officers.
          215‑1895‑VII‑COMPENSATION‑OF‑OFFICERS. ‑ COMPENSATION OF OFFICERS. (87.38...87.40)
               Section 87.38 ‑ City officers; compensation; fees.
               Section 87.39 ‑ Increase or diminishment of salary during term prohibited; exception; eligibility for office resigned or vacated.
               Section 87.40 ‑ Ordinance establishing alternate procedure for determining salaries; local officials compensation commission; resolution; petition for referendum; changing procedure by charter amendment or revision.
     215‑1895‑VIII ‑ CHAPTER VIII THE CITY COUNCIL. (88.1...88.20)
          Section 88.1 ‑ City council; members.
          Section 88.2 ‑ Mayor to be president.
          Section 88.3 ‑ President pro tempore; powers, duties.
          Section 88.4 ‑ Clerks; duties.
          Section 88.5 ‑ Aldermen; required attendance; loss of vote, interest.
          Section 88.6 ‑ Election returns; qualification of membership; meetings, notice.
          Section 88.7 ‑ Conducting business at public meeting; notice; quorum; adjournment; pending business; compelling attendance of absent members; concurring vote required for certain actions; reconsidering or rescinding vote at special meeting; appropriation of money; passing or adopting resolution.
          Section 88.8 ‑ Rules for council proceedings; record or journal of proceedings; availability of writings to public; taking votes; entering votes on journal; publication of record and votes.
          Section 88.9 ‑ Compelling attendance at meetings; fines for nonattendance; sanctions for disorderly conduct; ordinance.
          Section 88.10 ‑ City officers; attendance at meetings; public attendance and participation not prohibited.
          Section 88.11 ‑ Powers of council; control of finances, property.
          Section 88.12 ‑ Powers of council; ordinances, enactment.
          Section 88.13 ‑ Powers of council; standing committees; appointment, duties.
          Section 88.14 ‑ Records, books, documents, or papers; location; filing; inspection; defacement or destruction; violation; penalty.
          Section 88.15 ‑ Members; compensation.
          Section 88.16 ‑ Repealed. 1968, Act 317, Eff. Sept. 1, 1968.
          Section 88.17 ‑ Removal from office; preferring charges against and trying officers.
          Section 88.18 ‑ Investigation of charges or other matters; procedure.
          Section 88.19 ‑ Witnesses; summons, oath.
          Section 88.20 ‑ Claims against city; audit, allowance; rules; defense to suit.
     215‑1895‑IX ‑ CHAPTER IX ORDINANCES. (89.1...89.7)
          Section 89.1 ‑ Style of ordinance; passage; required vote; effective date of ordinance.
          Section 89.2 ‑ Violation of ordinance; sanction; designation of civil infractions; act or omission constituting crime; limitation on fine or forfeiture; penalty.
          Section 89.2a ‑ Recreational trailway; posting of ordinance; prohibited operation of vehicle as municipal civil infraction; penalty.
          Section 89.3 ‑ Veto powers of officers; passage of resolution over veto.
          Section 89.4 ‑ Repealed ordinances; re-enactment.
          Section 89.5 ‑ Approved ordinances; recording.
          Section 89.6 ‑ Approved ordinances; publication; certificate; plumbing, electric, building codes, adoption; publication.
          Section 89.7 ‑ Judicial notice of ordinances; best evidence, order.
     215‑1895‑X ‑ CHAPTER X ENFORCEMENT OF ORDINANCES. (90.1...90.18)
          Section 90.1 ‑ Violations; commencement of action; time limitation.
          Section 90.4 ‑ Violations; commencement of action; warrant for arrest.
          Section 90.5 ‑ Contents, form, and issuance of warrant; law governing proceedings.
          Section 90.6 ‑ Judgment or conviction; limitation on sanctions; costs.
          Section 90.7 ‑ Judgment; execution; fine and imprisonment.
          Section 90.8 ‑ Imprisonment; city use of county jail.
          Section 90.9 ‑ Process; direction and execution.
          Section 90.10 ‑ Cause of action; allegations; applicability of subsection (1); judicial notice.
          Section 90.11 ‑ Trial by jury.
          Section 90.12 ‑ Appeal; judicial notice of ordinances and resolutions.
          Section 90.13 ‑ Fines imposed for violations; payment.
          Section 90.14 ‑ Fines imposed for violations; neglect of receiver, penalty.
          Section 90.15 ‑ Fines imposed for violations; disposition.
          Section 90.16 ‑ District court; jurisdiction; proceedings; applicable laws.
          Section 90.17 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 539, Imd. Eff. Dec. 22, 1978.
          Section 90.18 ‑ Prosecutions by person other than officer; security filed for payment of costs.
     215‑1895‑XI ‑ CHAPTER XI GENERAL POWERS OF CITY CORPORATIONS. (91.1...91.9)
          Section 91.1 ‑ General powers.
          Section 91.2 ‑ License; conditions for granting; revocation; sanctions.
          Section 91.3 ‑ License; term; transfer prohibited; sanctions.
          Section 91.4 ‑ License receipts; disposition.
          Section 91.5 ‑ Franchise rights in streets; council vote; private damage suits.
          Section 91.6 ‑ Railroad track; location and grade of street crossings; construction and repair; flagmen; lighting; enforcement of ordinance prescribing maximum speed limit.
          Section 91.7 ‑ Railroad companies; drainage repairs; failure, expense of company.
          Section 91.8 ‑ Partition fence; ordinances, by-laws, regulation.
          Section 91.9 ‑ Support of poor persons; director of the poor.
     215‑1895‑XII ‑ CHAPTER XII POLICE. (92.1...92.6)
          Section 92.1 ‑ Policemen; watchmen.
          Section 92.2 ‑ Policemen; rules, regulations; temporary appointments.
          Section 92.3 ‑ City marshal; duties.
          Section 92.4 ‑ Police officers; powers; duties.
          Section 92.4a ‑ Police officer or constable; authority to execute bench warrant.
          Section 92.5 ‑ Police force; fees, compensation; monthly report.
          Section 92.6 ‑ Police force; suspension, removal.
     215‑1895‑XIII ‑ CHAPTER XIII CITY PRISON. (93.1...93.2)
          Section 93.1 ‑ Prison facilities.
          Section 93.2 ‑ Prisoners; hard labor.
     215‑1895‑XIV ‑ CHAPTER XIV PUBLIC HEALTH. (94.1...94.8)
          Section 94.1‑94.8 ‑ Repealed. 1978, Act 368, Eff. Sept. 30, 1978.
     215‑1895‑XV ‑ CHAPTER XV CEMETERIES. (95.1...95.9)
          Section 95.1 ‑ City ownership of cemetery; regulation.
          Section 95.2 ‑ Appropriation, cemetery.
          Section 95.3 ‑ Board of cemetery trustees; appointment, term, removal.
          Section 95.4 ‑ Board of cemetery trustees; chairman, clerk; powers.
          Section 95.5 ‑ Board of cemetery trustees; property management powers, duties.
          Section 95.6 ‑ Board of cemetery trustees; necessary employees; ordinances, enforcement.
          Section 95.7 ‑ Board of cemetery trustees; cemetery fund, accounting; report to council, contents.
          Section 95.8 ‑ Cemetery; city owned; ordinances; passage; enforcement.
          Section 95.9 ‑ Privately owned cemeteries; ordinances governing.
     215‑1895‑XVI ‑ CHAPTER XVI POUNDS. (96.1...96.2)
          Section 96.1 ‑ City owned pounds; impounding regulations; poundmaster.
          Section 96.2 ‑ Fees for impounding; sale of animals; penalties.
     215‑1895‑XVII ‑ CHAPTER XVII HARBORS, WHARVES AND HARBORMASTERS. (97.1...97.6)
          Section 97.1 ‑ Authority of council; public wharves.
          Section 97.2 ‑ Authority of council; construction of wharves.
          Section 97.3 ‑ Authority of council; regulation of use of wharves, rates.
          Section 97.4 ‑ Authority of council; preservation of water purity; use of harbor; ordinances and regulations.
          Section 97.5 ‑ Authority of council; regulation of use of tugs and bridges.
          Section 97.6 ‑ Authority of council; appointment of harbor officers; powers, duties.
     215‑1895‑XVIII ‑ CHAPTER XVIII FERRIES. (98.1...98.1)
          Section 98.1 ‑ Regulation and licensing of ferries by council; sanctions.
     215‑1895‑XIX ‑ CHAPTER XIX MARKETS. (99.1...99.2)
          Section 99.1 ‑ Council; powers to establish and regulate markets.
          Section 99.2 ‑ Council; rules and regulations.
     215‑1895‑XX ‑ CHAPTER XX PUBLIC BUILDINGS, GROUNDS AND PARKS. (100.1...100.3)
          Section 100.1 ‑ Council; power to acquire real estate.
          Section 100.2 ‑ Council; grounds for prisons; hospitals outside city limits.
          Section 100.3 ‑ Council; public parks.
     215‑1895‑XXI ‑ CHAPTER XXI SEWERS, DRAINS AND WATER-COURSES. (101.1...101.18)
          Section 101.1 ‑ Construction of sewage systems; condemnation; location.
          Section 101.2 ‑ Board of public works; powers, duties.
          Section 101.3 ‑ Board of public works; drainage construction plan.
          Section 101.4 ‑ Board of public works; sewer districts; plats submitted to councils; adoption, filing.
          Section 101.5 ‑ Main sewer districts; subdivision; special sewer districts.
          Section 101.6 ‑ Main trunk sewers; adoption, recording.
          Section 101.7 ‑ Main or trunk sewers; payment of cost and expenses; assessment; taxation.
          Section 101.8, 101.9 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
          Section 101.10 ‑ Special assessments for construction of sewers.
          Section 101.11 ‑ Construction petition; sewer districts.
          Section 101.12 ‑ Drains privately owned; regulations; expense lien.
          Section 101.13 ‑ Drains privately owned; connection with public sewers.
          Section 101.14 ‑ Drains privately owned; annual charge, lien.
          Section 101.15 ‑ Improvement of ditches and water courses; special assessment.
          Section 101.16 ‑ Public sewers; repair; cost, payment.
          Section 101.17 ‑ Public sewers; ordinances for protection and control.
          Section 101.18 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
     215‑1895‑XXII ‑ CHAPTER XXII STREETS AND PUBLIC GROUNDS. (102.1...102.14)
          Section 102.1 ‑ Thoroughfares and public grounds; control by council; damage suits, liability; required notice.
          Section 102.2 ‑ Thoroughfares; public improvements; condemnation; expenses, assessment.
          Section 102.3 ‑ Thoroughfares; resolution to vacate; hearing, notice.
          Section 102.4 ‑ Thoroughfares; survey; boundaries; recording of descriptions; ordinance to discontinue street; filing with secretary of state.
          Section 102.5 ‑ Thoroughfares; street grading; diagrams, record.
          Section 102.6 ‑ Thoroughfares; expense of grading, payment.
          Section 102.7 ‑ Thoroughfares; grade changes, damage to property owner; compensation, assessment, procedure.
          215‑1895‑XXII‑PAVING‑AND‑IMPROVEMENTS. ‑ PAVING AND IMPROVEMENTS. (102.8...102.10)
               Section 102.8 ‑ Improvement and repair of highways, streets, avenues, lanes, and alleys; street districts; sewer, water, and gas connections; liability for cost; penalty; special assessment.
               Section 102.9 ‑ Street districts; expenses of improvement, payment.
               Section 102.10 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
          215‑1895‑XXII‑STREET‑REGULATIONS. ‑ STREET REGULATIONS. (102.11...102.14)
               Section 102.11 ‑ Obstructions to highways; removal.
               Section 102.12 ‑ Shade trees; lighting system.
               Section 102.13 ‑ Removal of soil; street openings.
               Section 102.14 ‑ Use of highways and streets.
     215‑1895‑XXIII ‑ CHAPTER XXIII SIDEWALKS. (103.1...103.5)
          Section 103.1 ‑ Sidewalks; control; grading; construction, maintenance.
          Section 103.2 ‑ Sidewalks; required construction and repair by owners at public expense.
          Section 103.3 ‑ Sidewalks; removal of snow, ice; repair, removal of obstructions.
          Section 103.4 ‑ Sidewalks; upkeep, failure of owner; work at owner's expense; assessment; suit.
          Section 103.5 ‑ Sidewalks; use regulated by council.
     215‑1895‑XXIV ‑ CHAPTER XXIV COST OF IMPROVEMENTS—SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS. (104.1...104.30)
          Section 104.1‑104.30 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
     215‑1895‑XXIVA ‑ CHAPTER XXIVA SPECIAL ASSESSMENTS. (104A.1...104A.5)
          Section 104A.1 ‑ Special assessment for local public improvement or repair; resolution.
          Section 104A.2 ‑ Special assessment procedure; ordinance.
          Section 104A.3 ‑ Special assessment and interest thereon as lien and debt; delinquency.
          Section 104A.4 ‑ Action to contest or enjoin collection of special assessment; notice; time limitation; effect of illegality in assessment roll.
          Section 104A.5 ‑ Bonds.
     215‑1895‑XXV ‑ CHAPTER XXV APPROPRIATION OF PRIVATE PROPERTY. (105.1...105.29)
          Section 105.1 ‑ Condemnation.
          Section 105.2 ‑ Condemnation; proceedings.
          Section 105.3 ‑ Condemnation; resolution of council; suit.
          Section 105.4 ‑ Condemnation; certified copy of resolution, delivery to attorney; petition, contents; filing; evidence.
          Section 105.5 ‑ Probate court summons; contents.
          Section 105.6 ‑ Probate court summons; service; guardian ad litem; appearance order; alias, pluries summons; return, filing; evidence.
          Section 105.7 ‑ Probate court; impaneling jury; composition of jury.
          Section 105.8 ‑ Probate court; oath of jurors, form; duties; instruction; verdict.
          Section 105.9 ‑ Probate court; verdict of jury; contents, necessity, damages.
          Section 105.10 ‑ Probate court; jury to retire with petition, map, blank verdict; form of verdict.
          Section 105.11 ‑ Probate court; amendments allowed.
          Section 105.12 ‑ Probate court; docket entries, copy; confirmation judgement on application, time; new proceedings; appeal.
          Section 105.13 ‑ Probate court; disagreement of jury; impaneling new jury.
          Section 105.14 ‑ Juror; disability; procedure.
          Section 105.15 ‑ Circuit court; appeal, procedure; bond.
          Section 105.16 ‑ Circuit court; probate court to return appeal.
          Section 105.17 ‑ Circuit court; jurisdiction; proceedings.
          Section 105.18 ‑ Circuit court jury; impaneling.
          Section 105.19 ‑ Circuit court; oath of jurors, form; duties; instruction.
          Section 105.20 ‑ Circuit court; verdict of jury; contents, necessity, damages.
          Section 105.21 ‑ Circuit court; jury may retire with petition, map, blank verdict; form of verdict.
          Section 105.22 ‑ Circuit court; confirmation of proceedings; cost.
          Section 105.23 ‑ Circuit court; judgment of confirmation; records of city clerk; contents, evidence.
          Section 105.24 ‑ Verdict confirmed; sums awarded; procedure for collection; assessment; evidence; city purchaser at sale.
          Section 105.25 ‑ Verdict confirmed; sums awarded; payment within year; raising of funds; treasurer, duties; right of entry; writ of assistance.
          Section 105.26 ‑ Court proceedings; officers, jurors, witnesses; fees, compensation.
          Section 105.27 ‑ Repealed. 2018, Act 199, Eff. Sept. 18, 2018.
          Section 105.28 ‑ Property; sale of buildings; moneys, disposition.
          Section 105.29 ‑ Property; negotiation; purchase.
     215‑1895‑XXVI ‑ CHAPTER XXVI WATERWORKS. (106.1...106.11)
          Section 106.1 ‑ City waterworks; uses.
          Section 106.2 ‑ Types of waterworks; construction; maintenance.
          Section 106.3 ‑ Constructing, purchasing, or extending waterworks; borrowing; expenditure.
          Section 106.4 ‑ Constructing, purchasing, or extending waterworks; estimate of expense; special assessment.
          Section 106.5 ‑ Water pipes; private connections; repairs at owner's expense; permit.
          Section 106.6 ‑ Establishing of water rates; annual, approval of city council; furnishing of water outside corporate limits.
          Section 106.7 ‑ Establishing waterworks; care, control ordinances.
          Section 106.8 ‑ Establishing waterworks; property beyond corporate limits, control.
          Section 106.9 ‑ Establishing waterworks; construction privileges, duties.
          Section 106.10 ‑ Establishing waterworks; condemnation of private property.
          Section 106.11 ‑ Contract for water supply; time limitation; privileges extended to company.
     215‑1895‑XXVII ‑ CHAPTER XXVII LIGHTING. (107.1...107.10)
          Section 107.1 ‑ City lighting plant.
          Section 107.2 ‑ City lighting plant; resolution of necessity; action of council.
          Section 107.3 ‑ City lighting plant; expense estimates; vote by electors.
          Section 107.4 ‑ City lighting plant; borrowing power, limit; manner of payment.
          Section 107.5 ‑ City lighting plant; repairs, limit.
          Section 107.6 ‑ City lighting plant; lighting rates, annual determination.
          Section 107.7 ‑ City lighting plant; condemnation of private property.
          Section 107.8 ‑ Contract for lighting; time limitation; privileges extended to company.
          Section 107.9 ‑ City lighting plant; care and control ordinances.
          Section 107.10 ‑ Repairs, alterations, and extensions; title retention contract providing for payment from available net revenues; construction.
     215‑1895‑XXVIII ‑ CHAPTER XXVIII BOARD OF PUBLIC WORKS. (108.1...108.14)
          Section 108.1 ‑ Board of public works; members, appointment, terms.
          Section 108.2 ‑ Board of public works; officers, election, duties; quorum.
          Section 108.3 ‑ Board of public works; powers and duties.
          Section 108.4 ‑ Board of public works; rules, by-laws, regulations.
          Section 108.5 ‑ Board of public works; letting contracts, conditions.
          Section 108.6 ‑ Work done by board of public works; reports to council, contents; payment of claims.
          Section 108.7 ‑ Reports to council; expense estimate submitted to council, time.
          Section 108.8 ‑ Moneys received; disposition; statement, filing.
          Section 108.9 ‑ Rate charges, payment; suit.
          Section 108.10 ‑ Board of public works; employment of operating personnel; appointment, compensation.
          Section 108.11 ‑ Board of public works abolished; procedure.
          Section 108.12 ‑ Board abolished; powers and duties transferred to council; committee established.
          Section 108.13 ‑ Board of public works abolished; re-establishment procedure.
          Section 108.14 ‑ Election of board; time, notice; form of proposition.
     215‑1895‑XXIX ‑ CHAPTER XXIX FIRE DEPARTMENT. (109.1...109.12)
          Section 109.1 ‑ Fire protection; ordinances and regulations; fire department, establishment.
          Section 109.2 ‑ Fire equipment; water supply.
          Section 109.3 ‑ Fire houses.
          Section 109.4 ‑ Fire chief; duties; assistants.
          Section 109.5 ‑ Fire chief; power to command aid at fire; refusal, penalty.
          Section 109.6 ‑ Fire wardens; appointment, duties.
          Section 109.7 ‑ Fire ordinances; limits on wooden structures, construction, regulation; escapes.
          Section 109.8 ‑ Trades within certain districts prohibited; combustibles, regulation.
          Section 109.9 ‑ Prohibited structure; nuisance, abatement.
          Section 109.10 ‑ Compensation of officers, fire fighters, and employees; compensation for injuries.
          Section 109.11 ‑ Destruction of buildings at fires; damages, settlement; jury trial.
          Section 109.12 ‑ Harbor fire ordinances.
     215‑1895‑XXX ‑ CHAPTER XXX FINANCE AND TAXATION. (110.1...110.29)
          Section 110.1 ‑ Fiscal year.
          Section 110.2 ‑ Council's power of taxation; collection; installments.
          Section 110.3 ‑ Tax revenues; division into funds.
          Section 110.4 ‑ Tax money; special funds.
          Section 110.5 ‑ Taxes for general fund; limitation on council.
          Section 110.6 ‑ Tax raised in street district; purposes, limitation.
          Section 110.7 ‑ Special assessments; purposes; local improvements, street and drain construction.
          Section 110.8 ‑ Private sewer tax.
          Section 110.9 ‑ Annual tax levy; purpose; credit for surplus moneys.
          Section 110.10 ‑ Expense estimates of council; time, contents.
          Section 110.11 ‑ Expense estimate of council; deficiencies; installment levies.
          Section 110.12 ‑ Annual appropriation bill; purpose; contents.
          Section 110.13 ‑ Taxes certified to board of supervisors and ward supervisors; manner.
          Section 110.14 ‑ Annual appropriation bill; raising of moneys after passage prohibited.
          Section 110.15 ‑ Improvements prohibited unless appropriation made; expenditures only from appropriations.
          Section 110.16 ‑ Improvements financed by special assessments.
          Section 110.17 ‑ Improvement before tax levy prohibited.
          Section 110.18 ‑ Taxes and loans for capital improvements; bonds; limitation.
          Section 110.19 ‑ Loan in anticipation of receipts from special assessments; purpose; limitation; bonds.
          Section 110.20 ‑ Tax or loan to raise greater amount; vote of electors; maximum amount; limitation on amount of indebtedness; fire, flood, or other calamity requiring emergency fund; exclusions from computation of net indebtedness; deducting resources of sinking fund; validation of bonds or contract or assessment obligations; calculating assessed value equivalent.
          Section 110.21 ‑ Bonds; approval of electors required; exceptions.
          Section 110.22 ‑ Accounting rules; moneys received.
          Section 110.23 ‑ Moneys; procedure for disbursement.
          Section 110.24 ‑ Moneys; drawing upon exhausted funds; warrants on such funds declared void.
          Section 110.25 ‑ Loans; limitation; bonds.
          Section 110.26 ‑ Annual accounts audit by council; statement, contents.
          Section 110.27 ‑ Statement of receipts; filing, publication.
          Section 110.28 ‑ Misappropriation of moneys; penalty.
          Section 110.29 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
     215‑1895‑XXXI ‑ CHAPTER XXXI ASSESSMENT AND COLLECTION OF TAXES. (111.1...111.20)
          Section 111.1 ‑ Tax assessment and collection by supervisors; city assessor, duties; rules.
          Section 111.2 ‑ Personal property; assessment; tax exemption.
          Section 111.3 ‑ Personal property; assessment; situs.
          Section 111.4 ‑ Property assessment; equalization.
          Section 111.5 ‑ Board of review; members, duties, compensation; equalization by county supervisors; apportionment.
          Section 111.6 ‑ Board of review; meetings of board; officers; proceedings; statement, form; endorsed rolls returned to supervisors; finality.
          Section 111.7 ‑ Assessment roll; certified copy delivered by supervisor to city clerk.
          Section 111.8 ‑ Certification by city clerk to county clerk; contents.
          Section 111.9 ‑ Apportionment of amounts by board of supervisors; certification procedure.
          Section 111.10 ‑ Certification of taxes by city clerk to ward supervisors.
          Section 111.11 ‑ Ward supervisors; duties as to tax levy.
          Section 111.12 ‑ Ward supervisors; delivery of roll to city clerk; amounts charged to treasurer, bond; collection procedure.
          Section 111.13 ‑ Warrant annexed to roll; contents.
          Section 111.14 ‑ Taxes; lien on land.
          Section 111.15 ‑ City treasurer; duties; notice to taxpayers; collection fee.
          Section 111.16 ‑ Unpaid taxes; collection; sale.
          Section 111.17 ‑ Unpaid taxes; new warrants; suits.
          Section 111.18 ‑ Assessment unit; city treasurer, duties.
          Section 111.19 ‑ Moneys received; disposition.
          Section 111.20 ‑ Delinquent taxes; collection.
     215‑1895‑XXXII ‑ CHAPTER XXXII EDUCATION. (112.1...112.20)
          Section 112.1‑112.20 ‑ Repealed. 1964, Act 256, Eff. Aug. 28, 1964.
     215‑1895‑XXXIII ‑ CHAPTER XXXIII FOURTH CLASS CITIES—MISCELLANEOUS. (113.1...113.20)
          Section 113.1 ‑ Reincorporation under act; procedure; city council; duty; resolution; declaration of reincorporation; filing; evidence.
          Section 113.2 ‑ Reincorporation under act; property, assets, vesting; liabilities; cumulative remedies.
          Section 113.3 ‑ Reincorporation under act; officers in office until successors qualify.
          Section 113.4 ‑ Reincorporation under act; existing by-laws, ordinances.
          Section 113.5 ‑ Reincorporation under act; special assessments, enforcement.
          Section 113.6 ‑ Reincorporation under act; existing licenses.
          Section 113.7 ‑ Reincorporation under act; first election of officers, procedure.
          Section 113.9 ‑ Reincorporation under act; platting of lands; liability of city for new streets.
          Section 113.10 ‑ City; definition.
          Section 113.11 ‑ City not to own stock of incorporated companies.
          Section 113.12 ‑ Affidavit of notice; filing, evidence.
          Section 113.13 ‑ Repealed. 1974, Act 345, Imd. Eff. Dec. 21, 1974.
          Section 113.14 ‑ Reincorporation from fourth to third class cities.
          Section 113.16 ‑ Vacating incorporation of city; prerequisite, petition, procedure.
          Section 113.17 ‑ Vacating incorporation of city; election, form of ballots, transcript of proceedings certified to county clerk; plats unaffected.
          Section 113.18 ‑ Vacating incorporation of city; certified transcript of proceedings; resolution of board of supervisors, contents; representative districts.
          Section 113.19 ‑ Vacating incorporation of city; deposit of books and records with county clerk; bond or other indebtedness, procedure and time for payment.
          Section 113.20 ‑ Vacated territory in two or more townships or counties; division of indebtedness, procedure.

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