May 31, 2012, Introduced by Rep. Rendon and referred to the Committee on Health Policy.
A bill to amend 1978 PA 368, entitled
"Public health code,"
by amending sections 2803, 2804, 2834, 2848, 13807, 16221, 16226,
16299, 17015, 17515, and 20115 (MCL 333.2803, 333.2804, 333.2834,
333.2848, 333.13807, 333.16221, 333.16226, 333.16299, 333.17015,
333.17515, and 333.20115), sections 2803, 2834, and 2848 as
amended by 2002 PA 562, section 2804 as amended by 1990 PA 149,
section 13807 as added by 1990 PA 21, section 16221 as amended by
2011 PA 222, section 16226 as amended by 2011 PA 224, section
16299 as amended by 2002 PA 685, section 17015 as amended by 2006
PA 77, section 17515 as added by 1993 PA 133, and section 20115
as amended by 1999 PA 206, and by adding sections 2836, 2854,
17015a, 17017, 17019, 17517, and 17519.
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:
1 Sec. 2803. (1) "Abortion" means that term as defined in
1 section 17015.
body" means a human body or fetus, or a part
3 of a dead human body or fetus, in a condition from which it may
4 reasonably be concluded that death has occurred.
(2) "Fetal death" means the death
of a fetus which that
6 has completed at least 20 weeks of gestation or weighs at least
7 400 grams. Fetal death includes a stillbirth. The definition
8 shall conform in all other respects as closely as possible to the
9 definition recommended by the federal agency responsible for
10 vital statistics.
11 (4) "Fetal remains" means a dead fetus or part of a dead
12 fetus that has completed at least 8 weeks of gestation or has
13 reached the stage of development that, upon visual inspection of
14 the fetus or part of the fetus, the head, torso, or extremities
15 appear to be supported by skeletal or cartilaginous structures.
16 Fetal remains do not include the umbilical cord or placenta.
(3) "File" means to present a
certificate, report, or
18 other record to the local registrar provided for in this part for
19 registration by the state registrar.
(4) "Final disposition" means the
interment, or other legal disposition
of a dead
human body or
fetus fetal remains.
23 Sec. 2804. (1) "Institution" means a public or private
provides inpatient medical, surgical,
25 diagnostic care or treatment or nursing, custodial, or
26 domiciliary care to 2 or more unrelated individuals, including an
27 establishment to which individuals are committed by law.
1 (2) "Law enforcement agency" means a police agency of a
2 city, village, or township; a sheriff's department; the
3 department of state police; and any other governmental law
4 enforcement agency.
5 (3) "Live birth" means a term defined by departmental rule
which that shall conform as closely as possible to the
7 of live birth recommended by the federal agency responsible for
8 vital statistics.
9 (4) "Local registrar" means the county clerk or the clerk's
10 deputy, or in the case of a city having a population of 40,000 or
11 more, the city clerk or city department designated by the
12 governing body of the city; or a registrar appointed pursuant to
13 section 2814. Population shall be determined according to the
14 latest federal decennial census.
15 (5) "Medical waste" means that term as defined in section
17 (6) "Miscarriage" means the spontaneous expulsion of a
18 nonviable fetus that has completed less than 20 weeks of
20 (7) "Products of conception" means that term as defined in
21 section 13807.
(5) "Registration" means the
acceptance by the state
23 registrar and the incorporation of certificates provided for in
24 this part into the official vital records.
25 Sec. 2834. (1) A fetal death occurring in this state
defined by section 2803, shall
be reported to the state registrar
27 within 5 days after delivery. The state registrar shall prescribe
1 the form and manner for reporting fetal deaths.
2 (2) The fetal death reporting form shall not contain the
3 name of the biological parents, common identifiers such as social
4 security or drivers license numbers, or other information
5 identifiers that would make it possible to identify in any manner
6 or in any circumstances the biological parents of the fetus. A
7 state agency shall not compare data in an information system file
8 with data in another computer system
which that would
9 identifying in any way a woman or father involved in a fetal
10 death. Statistical information
which that may
reveal the identity
11 of the biological parents involved in a fetal death shall not be
12 maintained. This subsection does not apply after June 1, 2003.
13 (3) If a dead fetus that has completed at least 20 weeks of
14 gestation is delivered in an institution, the individual in
15 charge of the institution or his or her authorized representative
16 shall prepare and file the fetal death report and make
17 arrangements for the final disposition of the dead fetus in
18 accordance with section 2848 taking into account the expressed
19 wishes of the parents, or parent in the case of an unmarried
20 mother, as long as those wishes do not conflict with any state or
21 federal law, rule, or regulation.
22 (4) If a dead fetus that has completed at least 20 weeks of
23 gestation is delivered outside an institution, the physician in
24 attendance shall prepare and file the fetal death report. If a
25 physician becomes aware of a fetal death or miscarriage that has
26 occurred outside an institution, the physician shall inform the
27 parents, or parent in case of an unmarried mother, that state law
1 requires the parents or parent to authorize the final disposition
2 of the dead fetus or fetal remains and that the parents or parent
3 has a right to determine the final disposition of the dead fetus.
4 (5) If a fetal death occurs without medical attendance at or
5 after the delivery or if inquiry is required by the medical
6 examiner, the attendant, mother, or other person having knowledge
7 of the fetal death shall notify the medical examiner who shall
8 investigate the cause and prepare and file the fetal death
9 report. Except as otherwise specifically provided, this section
10 and section 2848 do not apply to a miscarriage that occurs
11 outside an institution.
12 (6) The fetal death reports required under this section and
13 filed before June 1, 2003 are confidential statistical reports to
14 be used only for medical and health purposes and shall not be
15 incorporated into the permanent official records of the system of
16 vital statistics. A schedule for the disposition of these reports
17 shall be provided for by the department. The department or any
18 employee of the department shall not disclose to any person
19 outside the department the reports or the contents of the reports
20 required by this section and filed before June 1, 2003 in any
21 manner or fashion so as to permit the person or entity to whom
22 the report is disclosed to identify in any way the biological
24 (7) The fetal death reports required under this section and
25 filed on or after June 1, 2003 are permanent vital records
26 documents and shall be incorporated into the system of vital
as described in section 2805. Access to a
1 report or information contained on a fetal death report
is the same as
to a live birth
record in accordance with under
3 sections 2882, 2883, and 2888.
4 (8) With information provided to the department under
5 subsection (7), the department shall create a certificate of
shall conform as nearly as possible to
7 recognized national standardized forms and shall include, but not
8 be limited to, the following information:
9 (a) The name of the fetus, if it was given a name by the
10 parent or parents.
11 (b) The number of weeks of gestation completed.
12 (c) The date of delivery and weight at the time of delivery.
13 (d) The name of the parent or parents.
14 (e) The name of the health facility in which the fetus was
15 delivered or the name of the health professional in attendance if
16 the delivery was outside a health facility.
17 (9) If a miscarriage occurs outside an institution and a
18 health professional is present or is immediately aware of the
19 miscarriage, then the health professional shall inform the
20 parents, or parent in the case of an unmarried mother, that state
21 law requires that authorization be obtained before the final
22 disposition of any fetal remains resulting from a miscarriage and
23 that the parents or parent has a right to determine the final
24 disposition of the fetal remains.
25 Sec. 2836. (1) All fetal remains resulting from abortions
26 shall be disposed of by means lawful for other dead bodies,
27 including burial, cremation, or interment. Unless the mother has
1 provided written consent for research on the fetal remains under
2 section 2688, a physician who performs an abortion shall arrange
3 for the final disposition of the fetal remains resulting from the
4 abortion. If the fetal remains resulting from an abortion are
5 disposed of by cremation, the fetal remains shall be incinerated
6 separately from any other medical waste. However, this subsection
7 does not prohibit the simultaneous cremation of fetal remains
8 with products of conception or other fetal remains resulting from
10 (2) This section does not require a physician to discuss the
11 final disposition of the fetal remains with the mother prior to
12 performing the abortion, nor does it require a physician to
13 obtain authorization from the mother for the final disposition of
14 the fetal remains upon completion of the abortion.
15 (3) A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony
16 punishable by imprisonment for not more than 3 years or a fine of
17 not more than $5,000.00, or both.
18 Sec. 2848. (1) Except as provided in sections 2844 and 2845,
19 a funeral director or person acting as a funeral director, who
20 first assumes custody of a dead body, not later than 72 hours
21 after death or the finding of a dead body and before final
22 disposition of the body, shall obtain authorization for the final
23 disposition. The authorization for final disposition of a dead
24 body shall be issued on a form prescribed by the state registrar
25 and signed by the local registrar or the state registrar.
the mother has provided written consent
27 for research on the dead fetus under section 2688, before final
1 disposition of a dead fetus, irrespective of the duration of
2 pregnancy, or before final disposition of fetal remains resulting
3 from a miscarriage, the funeral director or person assuming
4 responsibility for the final disposition of the fetus or fetal
5 remains shall obtain from the parents, or parent in case of an
6 unmarried mother, an authorization for final disposition on a
7 form prescribed and furnished or approved by the state registrar.
8 The authorization may allow final disposition to be by a funeral
9 director, the individual in charge of the institution where the
10 fetus was delivered or miscarried, or an institution or agency
11 authorized to accept donated bodies,
or fetuses, or fetal remains
12 under this
code act. The
funeral director, individual in charge
13 of the institution, or other person making the final disposition
14 shall take into account the express wishes of the parents, or
15 parent in case of an unmarried mother, as long as those wishes do
16 not conflict with any state or federal law, rule, or regulation.
17 After final disposition, the funeral director, the individual in
18 charge of the institution, or other person making the final
19 disposition shall retain the permit for not less than 7 years.
20 Nothing in this section as amended by the amendatory act that
21 added this sentence requires a religious service or ceremony as
22 part of the final disposition of fetal remains.
23 (3) If final disposition is by cremation, the medical
24 examiner of the county in which death occurred shall sign the
25 authorization for final disposition.
26 (4) A body may be moved from the place of death to be
27 prepared for final disposition with the consent of the physician
1 or county medical examiner who certifies the cause of death.
2 (5) A permit for disposition issued under the law of another
3 state that accompanies a dead body or dead fetus brought into
4 this state is authorization for final disposition of the dead
5 body or dead fetus in this state.
6 Sec. 2854. (1) A person who violates this part by failing to
7 dispose of fetal remains resulting from an abortion as prescribed
8 in section 2836 or by failing to obtain the proper authorization
9 for final disposition of a dead body as provided under section
10 2848 is responsible for a state civil infraction as provided
11 under chapter 88 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA
12 236, MCL 600.8801 to 600.8835, and may be ordered to pay a civil
13 fine of not more than $1,000.00 per violation.
14 (2) A person who suffers injury or damages as a result of a
15 person violating this part as described under subsection (1) may
16 bring a civil cause of action against that person to secure
17 actual damages, including damages for emotional distress, or
18 other appropriate relief.
19 Sec. 13807. (1) "Pathogen" means a microorganism that
20 produces disease.
21 (2) "Pathological waste" means human organs, tissues, body
22 parts other than teeth, products of conception, and fluids
23 removed by trauma or during surgery or autopsy or other medical
24 procedure, and not fixed in formaldehyde.
25 (3) "Point of generation" means the point at which medical
26 waste leaves the producing facility site.
27 (4) "Producing facility" means a facility that generates,
1 stores, decontaminates, or incinerates medical waste.
2 (5) "Products of conception" means any tissues or fluids,
3 placenta, umbilical cord, or other uterine contents resulting
4 from a pregnancy. Products of conception do not include a fetus
5 or fetal body parts.
means any spilling, leaking, pumping,
7 pouring, emitting, emptying, discharging, injecting, escaping,
8 leaching, dumping, or disposing of medical waste into the
9 environment in violation of this part.
activity" means an activity necessary to
11 protect the public health, safety, welfare, and the environment,
12 and includes, but is not limited to, evaluation, cleanup,
13 removal, containment, isolation, treatment, monitoring,
14 maintenance, replacement of water supplies, and temporary
15 relocation of people.
means needles, syringes, scalpels, and
17 intravenous tubing with needles attached.
means the containment of medical waste in
19 a manner that does not constitute disposal of the medical waste.
means the movement of medical waste
21 from the point of generation to any intermediate point and
22 finally to the point of treatment or disposal. Transport does not
23 include the movement of medical waste from a health facility or
24 agency to another health facility or agency for the purposes of
25 testing and research.
26 Sec. 16221. The department may investigate activities
27 related to the practice of a health profession by a licensee, a
1 registrant, or an applicant for licensure or registration. The
2 department may hold hearings, administer oaths, and order the
taking of relevant testimony
taken and shall report its
4 findings to the appropriate disciplinary subcommittee. The
5 disciplinary subcommittee shall proceed under section 16226 if it
6 finds that 1 or more of the following grounds exist:
7 (a) A violation of general duty, consisting of negligence or
8 failure to exercise due care, including negligent delegation to
9 or supervision of employees or other individuals, whether or not
10 injury results, or any conduct, practice, or condition that
11 impairs, or may impair, the ability to safely and skillfully
12 practice the health profession.
13 (b) Personal disqualifications, consisting of 1 or more of
14 the following:
15 (i) Incompetence.
16 (ii) Subject to sections 16165 to 16170a, substance abuse as
17 defined in section 6107.
18 (iii) Mental or physical inability reasonably related to and
19 adversely affecting the licensee's ability to practice in a safe
20 and competent manner.
21 (iv) Declaration of mental incompetence by a court of
22 competent jurisdiction.
23 (v) Conviction of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment
24 for a maximum term of 2 years; a misdemeanor involving the
25 illegal delivery, possession, or use of a controlled substance;
26 or a felony. A certified copy of the court record is conclusive
27 evidence of the conviction.
1 (vi) Lack of good moral character.
2 (vii) Conviction of a criminal offense under section 520e or
3 520g of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.520e and
4 750.520g. A certified copy of the court record is conclusive
5 evidence of the conviction.
6 (viii) Conviction of a violation of section 492a of the
7 Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.492a. A certified copy
8 of the court record is conclusive evidence of the conviction.
9 (ix) Conviction of a misdemeanor or felony involving fraud in
10 obtaining or attempting to obtain fees related to the practice of
11 a health profession. A certified copy of the court record is
12 conclusive evidence of the conviction.
13 (x) Final adverse administrative action by a licensure,
14 registration, disciplinary, or certification board involving the
15 holder of, or an applicant for, a license or registration
16 regulated by another state or a territory of the United States,
17 by the United States military, by the federal government, or by
18 another country. A certified copy of the record of the board is
19 conclusive evidence of the final action.
20 (xi) Conviction of a misdemeanor that is reasonably related
21 to or that adversely affects the licensee's ability to practice
22 in a safe and competent manner. A certified copy of the court
23 record is conclusive evidence of the conviction.
24 (xii) Conviction of a violation of section 430 of the
25 Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL 750.430. A certified copy
26 of the court record is conclusive evidence of the conviction.
27 (xiii) Conviction of a criminal offense under section 520b,
1 520c, 520d, or 520f of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA 328, MCL
2 750.520b, 750.520c, 750.520d, and 750.520f. A certified copy of
3 the court record is conclusive evidence of the conviction.
4 (c) Prohibited acts, consisting of 1 or more of the
6 (i) Fraud or deceit in obtaining or renewing a license or
8 (ii) Permitting
the a license
or registration to be used by
9 an unauthorized person.
10 (iii) Practice outside the scope of a license.
11 (iv) Obtaining, possessing, or attempting to obtain or
12 possess a controlled substance as defined in section 7104 or a
13 drug as defined in section 7105 without lawful authority; or
14 selling, prescribing, giving away, or administering drugs for
15 other than lawful diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
16 (d) Unethical business practices, consisting of 1 or more of
17 the following:
18 (i) False or misleading advertising.
19 (ii) Dividing fees for referral of patients or accepting
20 kickbacks on medical or surgical services, appliances, or
21 medications purchased by or in behalf of patients.
22 (iii) Fraud or deceit in obtaining or attempting to obtain
23 third party reimbursement.
24 (e) Unprofessional conduct, consisting of 1 or more of the
26 (i) Misrepresentation to a consumer or patient or in
27 obtaining or attempting to obtain third party reimbursement in
1 the course of professional practice.
2 (ii) Betrayal of a professional confidence.
3 (iii) Promotion for personal gain of an unnecessary drug,
4 device, treatment, procedure, or service.
5 (iv) Either of the following:
6 (A) A requirement by a licensee other than a physician that
7 an individual purchase or secure a drug, device, treatment,
8 procedure, or service from another person, place, facility, or
9 business in which the licensee has a financial interest.
10 (B) A referral by a physician for a designated health
11 service that violates 42 USC 1395nn or a regulation promulgated
12 under that section. For purposes of this subparagraph, 42 USC
13 1395nn and the regulations promulgated under that section as they
14 exist on June 3, 2002 are incorporated by reference. A
15 disciplinary subcommittee shall apply 42 USC 1395nn and the
16 regulations promulgated under that section regardless of the
17 source of payment for the designated health service referred and
18 rendered. If 42 USC 1395nn or a regulation promulgated under that
19 section is revised after June 3, 2002, the department shall
20 officially take notice of the revision. Within 30 days after
21 taking notice of the revision, the department shall decide
22 whether or not the revision pertains to referral by physicians
23 for designated health services and continues to protect the
24 public from inappropriate referrals by physicians. If the
25 department decides that the revision does both of those things,
26 the department may promulgate rules to incorporate the revision
27 by reference. If the department does promulgate rules to
1 incorporate the revision by reference, the department shall not
2 make any changes to the revision. As used in this subparagraph,
3 "designated health service" means that term as defined in 42 USC
4 1395nn and the regulations promulgated under that section and
5 "physician" means that term as defined in sections 17001 and
7 (v) For a physician who makes referrals pursuant to 42 USC
8 1395nn or a regulation promulgated under that section, refusing
9 to accept a reasonable proportion of patients eligible for
10 medicaid and refusing to accept payment from medicaid or medicare
11 as payment in full for a treatment, procedure, or service for
12 which the physician refers the individual and in which the
13 physician has a financial interest. A physician who owns all or
14 part of a facility in which he or she provides surgical services
15 is not subject to this subparagraph if a referred surgical
16 procedure he or she performs in the facility is not reimbursed at
17 a minimum of the appropriate medicaid or medicare outpatient fee
18 schedule, including the combined technical and professional
20 (f) Beginning June 3, 2003, the department of consumer and
21 industry services shall prepare the first of 3 annual reports on
22 the effect of 2002 PA 402 on access to care for the uninsured and
23 medicaid patients. The department shall report on the number of
24 referrals by licensees of uninsured and medicaid patients to
25 purchase or secure a drug, device, treatment, procedure, or
26 service from another person, place, facility, or business in
27 which the licensee has a financial interest.
1 (g) Failure to report a change of name or mailing address
2 within 30 days after the change occurs.
3 (h) A violation, or aiding or abetting in a violation, of
4 this article or of a rule promulgated under this article.
5 (i) Failure to comply with a subpoena issued pursuant to
6 this part, failure to respond to a complaint issued under this
7 article or article 7, failure to appear at a compliance
8 conference or an administrative hearing, or failure to report
9 under section 16222 or 16223.
10 (j) Failure to pay an installment of an assessment levied
pursuant to under the insurance code of 1956, 1956 PA 218, MCL
12 500.100 to 500.8302, within 60 days after notice by the
13 appropriate board.
14 (k) A violation of section 17013 or 17513.
15 (l) Failure to meet 1 or more of the requirements for
16 licensure or registration under section 16174.
17 (m) A violation of section 17015,
or 17015a, 17017, 17515,
18 or 17517.
19 (n) A violation of section 17016 or 17516.
20 (o) Failure to comply with section 9206(3).
21 (p) A violation of section 5654 or 5655.
22 (q) A violation of section 16274.
23 (r) A violation of section 17020 or 17520.
24 (s) A violation of the medical records access act, 2004 PA
25 47, MCL 333.26261 to 333.26271.
26 (t) A violation of section 17764(2).
27 (u) A violation of section 17019 or 17519.
1 Sec. 16226. (1) After finding the existence of 1 or more of
2 the grounds for disciplinary subcommittee action listed in
3 section 16221, a disciplinary subcommittee shall impose 1 or more
4 of the following sanctions for each violation:
5 Violations of Section 16221 Sanctions
6 Subdivision (a), (b)(ii), Probation, limitation, denial,
7 (b)(iv), (b)(vi), or suspension, revocation,
8 (b)(vii) restitution, community service,
9 or fine.
11 Subdivision (b)(viii) Revocation or denial.
13 Subdivision (b)(i), Limitation, suspension,
14 (b)(iii), (b)(v), revocation, denial,
15 (b)(ix), (b)(x), probation, restitution,
16 (b)(xi), or (b)(xii) community service, or fine.
18 Subdivision (b)(xiii) Probation, limitation, denial,
19 suspension, revocation,
20 restitution, community service,
21 fine, or, subject to subsection
22 (5), permanent revocation.
25 Subdivision (c)(i) Denial, revocation, suspension,
26 probation, limitation, community
27 service, or fine.
29 Subdivision (c)(ii) Denial, suspension, revocation,
1 restitution, community service,
2 or fine.
4 Subdivision (c)(iii) Probation, denial, suspension,
5 revocation, restitution,
6 community service, or fine.
8 Subdivision (c)(iv) Fine, probation, denial,
9 or (d)(iii) suspension, revocation, community
10 service, or restitution.
12 Subdivision (d)(i) Reprimand, fine, probation,
13 or (d)(ii) community service, denial,
14 or restitution.
16 Subdivision (e)(i) Reprimand, fine, probation,
17 limitation, suspension, community
18 service, denial, or restitution.
20 Subdivision (e)(ii) Reprimand, probation,
( i )(i) suspension,
22 community service, denial, or
25 Subdivision (e)(iii), Reprimand, fine, probation,
26 (e)(iv), or (e)(v) suspension, revocation,
27 limitation, community service,
28 denial, or restitution.
30 Subdivision (g) Reprimand or fine.
1 Subdivision (h) or (s) Reprimand, probation, denial,
2 suspension, revocation,
3 limitation, restitution,
4 community service, or fine.
6 Subdivision (j) Suspension or fine.
8 Subdivision (k), (p), Reprimand or fine.
9 or (r)
11 Subdivision (l) Reprimand, denial, or
14 Subdivision (m) or (o) Denial, revocation, restitution,
15 probation, suspension,
16 limitation, reprimand, or fine.
18 Subdivision (n) Revocation or denial.
20 Subdivision (q) Revocation.
22 Subdivision (t) Revocation, fine, and
24 Subdivision (u) Limitation described in section
25 17019 or 17519, as applicable
26 (2) Determination of sanctions for violations under this
27 section shall be made by a disciplinary subcommittee. If, during
28 judicial review, the court of appeals determines that a final
29 decision or order of a disciplinary subcommittee prejudices
30 substantial rights of the petitioner for 1 or more of the grounds
1 listed in section 106 of the administrative procedures act of
2 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24.306, and holds that the final decision
3 or order is unlawful and is to be set aside, the court shall
4 state on the record the reasons for the holding and may remand
5 the case to the disciplinary subcommittee for further
7 (3) A disciplinary subcommittee may impose a fine of up to,
8 but not exceeding, $250,000.00 for a violation of section
9 16221(a) or (b).
10 (4) A disciplinary subcommittee may require a licensee or
11 registrant or an applicant for licensure or registration who has
12 violated this article or article 7 or a rule promulgated under
13 this article or article 7 to satisfactorily complete an
14 educational program, a training program, or a treatment program,
15 a mental, physical, or professional competence examination, or a
16 combination of those programs and examinations.
17 (5) A disciplinary subcommittee shall not impose the
18 sanction of permanent revocation for a violation of section
19 16221(b)(xiii) unless the violation occurred while the licensee or
20 registrant was acting within the health profession for which he
21 or she was licensed or registered.
22 Sec. 16299. (1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection
23 (2), a person who violates or aids or abets another in a
24 violation of this article, other than those matters described in
25 sections 16294 and 16296, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable
26 as follows:
27 (a) For the first offense, by imprisonment for not more than
1 90 days, or a fine of not more than $100.00, or both.
2 (b) For the second or subsequent offense, by imprisonment
3 for not less than 90 days nor more than 6 months, or a fine of
4 not less than $200.00 nor more than $500.00, or both.
5 (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a violation of section
17019, 17515, 17517, or 17519.
7 Sec. 17015. (1) Subject to subsection (10), a physician
8 shall not perform an abortion otherwise permitted by law without
9 the patient's informed written consent, given freely and without
10 coercion to abort.
11 (2) For purposes of this section and section 17015a:
12 (a) "Abortion" means the intentional use of an instrument,
13 drug, or other substance or device to terminate a woman's
14 pregnancy for a purpose other than to increase the probability of
15 a live birth, to preserve the life or health of the child after
16 live birth, or to remove a
dead fetus that has died as a result
17 of natural causes, accidental trauma, or a criminal assault on
18 the pregnant woman. Abortion does not include the use or
19 prescription of a drug or device intended as a contraceptive.
20 (b) "Coercion to abort" means an act committed with the
21 intent to coerce an individual to have an abortion, which act is
22 prohibited by section 213a of the Michigan penal code, 1931 PA
23 328, MCL 750.213a.
24 (c) "Domestic violence" means that term as defined in
25 section 1 of 1978 PA 389, MCL 400.1501.
means an individual organism of the species
27 homo sapiens in utero.
health department representative" means a
meets 1 or more of the licensing requirements listed
3 in subdivision
and who is employed by, or under
4 to provide services on behalf of, a local health department.
emergency" means that condition which, on
6 the basis of the physician's good faith clinical judgment, so
7 complicates the medical condition of a pregnant woman as to
8 necessitate the immediate abortion of her pregnancy to avert her
9 death or for which a delay will create serious risk of
10 substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily
service" means the provision of a
13 treatment, procedure, medication, examination, diagnostic test,
14 assessment, or counseling, including, but not limited to, a
15 pregnancy test, ultrasound, pelvic examination, or an abortion.
person assisting the physician" means
17 another physician or a physician's assistant licensed under this
18 part or part 175, a fully licensed or limited licensed
19 psychologist licensed under part 182, a professional counselor
20 licensed under part 181, a registered professional nurse or a
21 licensed practical nurse licensed under part 172, or a social
22 worker licensed under part 185.
gestational age of the fetus" means the
24 gestational age of the fetus at the time an abortion is planned
25 to be performed.
the patient with a physical copy" means
27 confirming that the patient accessed the internet website
1 described in subsection (5) and received a printed valid
2 confirmation form from the website and including that form in the
3 patient's medical record or giving a patient a copy of a required
4 document by 1 or more of the following means:
5 (i) In person.
6 (ii) By registered mail, return receipt requested.
7 (iii) By parcel delivery service that requires the recipient
8 to provide a signature in order to receive delivery of a parcel.
9 (iv) By facsimile transmission.
10 (3) Subject to subsection (10), a physician or a qualified
11 person assisting the physician shall do all of the following not
12 less than 24 hours before that physician performs an abortion
13 upon a patient who is a pregnant woman:
14 (a) Confirm that, according to the best medical judgment of
15 a physician, the patient is pregnant, and determine the probable
16 gestational age of the fetus.
17 (b) Orally describe, in language designed to be understood
18 by the patient, taking into account her age, level of maturity,
19 and intellectual capability, each of the following:
20 (i) The probable gestational age of the fetus she is
22 (ii) Information about what to do and whom to contact should
23 medical complications arise from the abortion.
24 (iii) Information about how to obtain pregnancy prevention
25 information through the department of community health.
26 (c) Provide the patient with a physical copy of the written
27 standardized summary described in subsection (11)(b) that
1 corresponds to the procedure the patient will undergo and is
2 provided by the department of community health. If the procedure
3 has not been recognized by the department, but is otherwise
4 allowed under Michigan law, and the department has not provided a
5 written standardized summary for that procedure, the physician
6 shall develop and provide a written summary that describes the
7 procedure, any known risks or complications of the procedure, and
8 risks associated with live birth and meets the requirements of
9 subsection (11)(b)(iii) through (vii).
10 (d) Provide the patient with a physical copy of a medically
11 accurate depiction, illustration, or photograph and description
12 of a fetus supplied by the department of community health
13 pursuant to subsection (11)(a) at the gestational age nearest the
14 probable gestational age of the patient's fetus.
15 (e) Provide the patient with a physical copy of the prenatal
16 care and parenting information pamphlet distributed by the
17 department of community health under section 9161.
18 (f) Provide the patient with a physical copy of the
19 prescreening summary on prevention of coercion to abort described
20 in subsection (11)(i).
21 (4) The requirements of subsection (3) may be fulfilled by
22 the physician or a qualified person assisting the physician at a
23 location other than the health facility where the abortion is to
24 be performed. The requirement of subsection (3)(a) that a
25 patient's pregnancy be confirmed may be fulfilled by a local
26 health department under subsection (18). The requirements of
27 subsection (3) cannot be fulfilled by the patient accessing an
1 internet website other than the internet website
subsection (5) that is
maintained through and
operated by the
3 department under subsection (11)(g).
4 (5) The requirements of subsection (3)(c) through
5 may be fulfilled by a patient accessing the internet website that
is maintained and operated
through by the
7 subsection (11)(g) and receiving a printed, valid confirmation
8 form from the website that the patient has reviewed the
9 information required in subsection (3)(c) through
(e) (f) at
10 least 24 hours before an abortion being performed on the patient.
11 The website shall not require any information be supplied by the
12 patient. The department shall not track, compile, or otherwise
13 keep a record of information that would identify a patient who
14 accesses this website. The patient shall supply the valid
15 confirmation form to the physician or qualified person assisting
16 the physician to be included in the patient's medical record to
17 comply with this subsection.
18 (6) Subject to subsection (10), before obtaining the
19 patient's signature on the acknowledgment and consent form, a
20 physician personally and in the presence of the patient shall do
21 all of the following:
22 (a) Provide the patient with the physician's name, confirm
23 with the patient that the coercion to abort screening required
24 under section 17015a was performed, and inform the patient of her
25 right to withhold or withdraw her consent to the abortion at any
26 time before performance of the abortion.
27 (b) Orally describe, in language designed to be understood
1 by the patient, taking into account her age, level of maturity,
2 and intellectual capability, each of the following:
3 (i) The specific risk, if any, to the patient of the
4 complications that have been associated with the procedure the
5 patient will undergo, based on the patient's particular medical
6 condition and history as determined by the physician.
7 (ii) The specific risk of complications, if any, to the
8 patient if she chooses to continue the pregnancy based on the
9 patient's particular medical condition and history as determined
10 by a physician.
11 (7) To protect a patient's privacy, the information set
12 forth in subsection (3) and subsection (6) shall not be disclosed
13 to the patient in the presence of another patient.
14 (8) If at any time
prior to before the performance of an
15 abortion, a patient undergoes an ultrasound examination, or a
16 physician determines that ultrasound imaging will be used during
17 the course of a patient's abortion, the physician or qualified
18 person assisting the physician shall provide the patient with the
19 opportunity to view or decline to view an active ultrasound image
20 of the fetus, and offer to provide the patient with a physical
21 picture of the ultrasound image of the fetus
prior to before the
22 performance of the abortion. Before performing an abortion on a
23 patient who is a pregnant woman, a physician or a qualified
24 person assisting the physician shall do all of the following:
25 (a) Obtain the patient's signature on the acknowledgment and
26 consent form described in subsection (11)(c) confirming that she
27 has received the information required under subsection (3).
1 (b) Provide the patient with a physical copy of the signed
2 acknowledgment and consent form described in subsection (11)(c).
3 (c) Retain a copy of the signed acknowledgment and consent
4 form described in subsection (11)(c) and, if applicable, a copy
5 of the pregnancy certification form completed under subsection
6 (18)(b), in the patient's medical record.
7 (9) This subsection does not prohibit notifying the patient
8 that payment for medical services will be required or that
9 collection of payment in full for all medical services provided
10 or planned may be demanded after the 24-hour period described in
11 this subsection has expired. A physician or an agent of the
12 physician shall not collect payment, in whole or in part, for a
13 medical service provided to or planned for a patient before the
14 expiration of 24 hours from the time the patient has done either
15 or both of the following, except in the case of a physician or an
16 agent of a physician receiving capitated payments or under a
17 salary arrangement for providing those medical services:
18 (a) Inquired about obtaining an abortion after her pregnancy
19 is confirmed and she has received from that physician or a
20 qualified person assisting the physician the information required
21 under subsection (3)(c) and (d).
22 (b) Scheduled an abortion to be performed by that physician.
23 (10) If the attending physician, utilizing his or her
24 experience, judgment, and professional competence, determines
25 that a medical emergency exists and necessitates performance of
26 an abortion before the requirements of subsections (1), (3), and
27 (6) can be met, the physician is exempt from the requirements of
1 subsections (1), (3), and (6), may perform the abortion, and
2 shall maintain a written record identifying with specificity the
3 medical factors upon which the determination of the medical
4 emergency is based.
5 (11) The department of community health shall do each of the
7 (a) Produce medically accurate depictions, illustrations, or
8 photographs of the development of a human fetus that indicate by
9 scale the actual size of the fetus at 2-week intervals from the
10 fourth week through the twenty-eighth week of gestation. Each
11 depiction, illustration, or photograph shall be accompanied by a
12 printed description, in nontechnical English, Arabic, and
13 Spanish, of the probable anatomical and physiological
14 characteristics of the fetus at that particular state of
15 gestational development.
16 (b) Subject to subdivision
(g), (e), develop,
17 print, in nontechnical English, Arabic, and Spanish, written
18 standardized summaries, based upon the various medical procedures
19 used to abort pregnancies, that do each of the following:
20 (i) Describe, individually and on separate documents, those
21 medical procedures used to perform abortions in this state that
22 are recognized by the department.
23 (ii) Identify the physical complications that have been
24 associated with each procedure described in subparagraph (i) and
25 with live birth, as determined by the department. In identifying
26 these complications, the department shall consider the annual
27 statistical report required under section
1 consider studies concerning complications that have been
2 published in a peer review medical journal, with particular
3 attention paid to the design of the study, and shall consult with
4 the federal centers for disease control and prevention, the
of obstetricians and gynecologists, the
6 Michigan state medical society, or any other source that the
7 department determines appropriate for the purpose.
8 (iii) State that as the result of an abortion, some women may
9 experience depression, feelings of guilt, sleep disturbance, loss
10 of interest in work or sex, or anger, and that if these symptoms
11 occur and are intense or persistent, professional help is
13 (iv) State that not all of the complications listed in
14 subparagraph (ii) may pertain to that particular patient and refer
15 the patient to her physician for more personalized information.
16 (v) Identify services available through public agencies to
17 assist the patient during her pregnancy and after the birth of
18 her child, should she choose to give birth and maintain custody
19 of her child.
20 (vi) Identify services available through public agencies to
21 assist the patient in placing her child in an adoptive or foster
22 home, should she choose to give birth but not maintain custody of
23 her child.
24 (vii) Identify services available through public agencies to
25 assist the patient and provide counseling should she experience
26 subsequent adverse psychological effects from the abortion.
27 (c) Develop, draft, and print, in nontechnical English,
1 Arabic, and Spanish, an acknowledgment and consent form that
2 includes only the following language above a signature line for
3 the patient:
4 "I, _____________________________ , voluntarily and
5 willfully hereby authorize Dr. __________________ ("the
6 physician") and any assistant designated by the physician to
7 perform upon me the following operation(s) or procedure(s):
10 (Name of operation(s) or procedure(s))
13 A. I understand that I am approximately _____ weeks
14 pregnant. I consent to an abortion procedure to terminate my
15 pregnancy. I understand that I have the right to withdraw my
16 consent to the abortion procedure at any time prior to
17 performance of that procedure.
18 B. I understand that it is illegal for anyone to coerce me
19 into seeking an abortion.
20 C. I acknowledge that at least 24 hours before the scheduled
21 abortion I have received a physical copy of each of the
medically accurate depiction, illustration, or
24 photograph of a fetus at the probable gestational age of the
25 fetus I am carrying.
written description of the medical procedure that
27 will be used to perform the abortion.
prenatal care and parenting information pamphlet.
D. If any of the
above listed documents
listed in paragraph
3 C were transmitted by facsimile, I certify that the documents
4 were clear and legible.
5 E. I acknowledge that the physician who will perform the
6 abortion has orally described all of the following to me:
( i ) The specific risk to me, if any, of the
8 that have been associated with the procedure I am scheduled to
( ii ) The specific risk to me, if any, of the
11 if I choose to continue the pregnancy.
12 F. I acknowledge that I have received all of the following
about what to do and whom to contact in
15 the event that complications arise from the abortion.
pertaining to available pregnancy related
18 G. I have been given an opportunity to ask questions about
19 the operation(s) or procedure(s).
20 H. I certify that I have not been required to make any
21 payments for an abortion or any medical service before the
22 expiration of 24 hours after I received the written materials
23 listed in
paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) above, paragraph C, or 24
24 hours after the time and date listed on the confirmation form if
paragraphs (a), (b), and (c) were the information described in
26 paragraph C was viewed from the state of Michigan internet
1 (d) Make available to physicians through the Michigan board
2 of medicine and the Michigan board of osteopathic medicine and
3 surgery, and to any person upon request, the copies of medically
4 accurate depictions, illustrations, or photographs described in
5 subdivision (a), the written
6 described in subdivision (b), the acknowledgment and consent form
7 described in subdivision (c), the prenatal care and parenting
8 information pamphlet described in section 9161,
9 certification form described in subdivision (f), and the
10 materials regarding coercion to abort described in subdivision
12 (e) The department shall not develop written standardized
13 summaries for abortion procedures under subdivision (b) that
14 utilize medication that has not been approved by the United
15 States food and drug administration for use in performing an
17 (f) Develop, draft, and print a certification form to be
18 signed by a local health department representative at the time
19 and place a patient has a pregnancy confirmed, as requested by
20 the patient, verifying the date and time the pregnancy is
22 (g) Develop, operate, and maintain an internet website that
23 allows a patient considering an abortion to review the
24 information required in subsection (3)(c) through
(e). (f). After
25 the patient reviews the required information, the department
26 shall assure that a confirmation form can be printed by the
27 patient from the internet website that will verify the time and
1 date the information was reviewed. A confirmation form printed
2 under this subdivision becomes invalid 14 days after the date and
3 time printed on the confirmation form.
4 (h) Include on the informed consent internet website
5 developed under subdivision (g) a list of health care providers,
6 facilities, and clinics that offer to perform ultrasounds free of
7 charge. The list shall be organized geographically and shall
8 include the name, address, and telephone number of each health
9 care provider, facility, and clinic.
10 (i) After considering the standards and recommendations of
11 the joint commission on accreditation of healthcare
12 organizations, the Michigan domestic violence prevention and
13 treatment board, the Michigan coalition against domestic and
14 sexual violence or successor organization, and the American
15 medical association, do all of the following:
16 (i) Develop, draft, and print or make available in printable
17 format, in nontechnical English, Arabic, and Spanish, a notice
18 that is required to be posted in facilities and clinics under
19 section 17015a. The notice shall be at least 8-1/2 inches by 14
20 inches, shall be printed in at least 44-point type, and shall
21 contain at a minimum all of the following:
22 (A) A statement that it is illegal under Michigan law to
23 coerce a woman to have an abortion.
24 (B) A statement that help is available if a woman is being
25 threatened or intimidated; is being physically, emotionally, or
26 sexually harmed; or feels afraid for any reason.
27 (C) The telephone number of at least 1 domestic violence
1 hotline and 1 sexual assault hotline.
2 (ii) Develop, draft, and print or make available in printable
3 format, in nontechnical English, Arabic, and Spanish, a
4 prescreening summary on prevention of coercion to abort that, at
5 a minimum, contains the information required under subparagraph
6 (i) and notifies the patient that an oral screening for coercion
7 to abort will be conducted before her giving written consent to
8 obtain an abortion.
9 (iii) Develop, draft, and print screening and training tools
10 and accompanying training materials to be utilized by a physician
11 or qualified person assisting the physician while performing the
12 coercion to abort screening required under section 17015a. The
13 screening tools shall instruct the physician or qualified person
14 assisting the physician to do, at a minimum, all of the
16 (A) Orally inform the patient that coercion to abort is
17 illegal and is grounds for a civil action, but clarifying that
18 discussions about pregnancy options, including personal or
19 intensely emotional expressions about those options, are not
20 necessarily coercion to abort and illegal.
21 (B) Orally ask the patient if her husband, parents,
22 siblings, relatives, or employer, the father or putative father
23 of the fetus, the parents of the father or putative father of the
24 fetus, or any other individual has engaged in coercion to abort
25 and coerced her into seeking an abortion.
26 (C) Orally ask the patient if an individual is taking
27 harmful actions against her, including, but not limited to,
1 intimidating her, threatening her, physically hurting her, or
2 forcing her to engage in sexual activities against her wishes.
3 (D) Document the findings from the coercion to abort
4 screening in the patient's medical record.
5 (iv) Develop, draft, and print protocols and accompanying
6 training materials to be utilized by a physician or a qualified
7 person assisting the physician if a patient discloses coercion to
8 abort or that domestic violence is occurring, or both, during the
9 coercion to abort screening. The protocols shall instruct the
10 physician or qualified person assisting the physician to do, at a
11 minimum, all of the following:
12 (A) Follow the requirements of section 17015a as applicable.
13 (B) Assess the patient's current level of danger.
14 (C) Explore safety options with the patient.
15 (D) Provide referral information to the patient regarding
16 law enforcement and domestic violence and sexual assault support
18 (E) Document any referrals in the patient's medical record.
19 (12) A physician's duty to inform the patient under this
20 section does not require disclosure of information beyond what a
21 reasonably well-qualified physician licensed under this article
22 would possess.
23 (13) A written consent form meeting the requirements set
24 forth in this section and signed by the patient is presumed
25 valid. The presumption created by this subsection may be rebutted
26 by evidence that establishes, by a preponderance of the evidence,
27 that consent was obtained through fraud, negligence, deception,
1 misrepresentation, coercion, or duress.
2 (14) A completed certification form described in subsection
3 (11)(f) that is signed by a local health department
4 representative is presumed valid. The presumption created by this
5 subsection may be rebutted by evidence that establishes, by a
6 preponderance of the evidence, that the physician who relied upon
7 the certification had actual knowledge that the certificate
8 contained a false or misleading statement or signature.
9 (15) This section does not create a right to abortion.
10 (16) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a
11 person shall not perform an abortion that is prohibited by law.
12 (17) If any portion of this act or the application of this
13 act to any person or circumstances is found invalid by a court,
14 that invalidity does not affect the remaining portions or
15 applications of the act that can be given effect without the
16 invalid portion or application, if those remaining portions are
17 not determined by the court to be inoperable.
18 (18) Upon a patient's request, each local health department
20 (a) Provide a pregnancy test for that patient to confirm the
21 pregnancy as required under subsection (3)(a) and determine the
22 probable gestational stage of the fetus. The local health
23 department need not comply with this subdivision if the
24 requirements of subsection (3)(a) have already been met.
25 (b) If a pregnancy is confirmed, ensure that the patient is
26 provided with a completed pregnancy certification form described
27 in subsection (11)(f) at the time the information is provided.
1 (19) The identity and address of a patient who is provided
2 information or who consents to an abortion pursuant to this
3 section is confidential and is subject to disclosure only with
4 the consent of the patient or by judicial process.
5 (20) A local health department with a file containing the
6 identity and address of a patient described in subsection (19)
7 who has been assisted by the local health department under this
8 section shall do both of the following:
9 (a) Only release the identity and address of the patient to
10 a physician or qualified person assisting the physician in order
11 to verify the receipt of the information required under this
13 (b) Destroy the information containing the identity and
14 address of the patient within 30 days after assisting the patient
15 under this section.
16 Sec. 17015a. (1) At the time a patient first presents at a
17 private office, freestanding surgical outpatient facility, or
18 other facility or clinic in which abortions are performed for the
19 purpose of obtaining an abortion, whether before or after the
20 expiration of the 24-hour period described in section 17015(3),
21 the physician or qualified person assisting the physician shall
22 orally screen the patient for coercion to abort using the
23 screening tools developed by the department under section
25 (2) If a patient discloses that she is the victim of
26 domestic violence that does not include coercion to abort, the
27 physician or qualified person assisting the physician shall
1 follow the protocols developed by the department under section
3 (3) If a patient discloses coercion to abort, the physician
4 or qualified person assisting the physician shall follow the
5 protocols developed by the department under section 17015(11).
6 (4) If a patient who is under the age of 18 discloses
7 domestic violence or coercion to abort by an individual
8 responsible for the health or welfare of the minor patient, the
9 physician or qualified person assisting the physician shall
10 report that fact to a local child protective services office.
11 (5) A private office, freestanding surgical outpatient
12 facility, or other facility or clinic in which abortions are
13 performed shall post in a conspicuous place in an area of its
14 facility that is accessible to patients, employees, and visitors
15 the notice described in section 17015(11)(i). A private office,
16 freestanding surgical outpatient facility, or other facility or
17 clinic in which abortions are performed shall make available in
18 an area of its facility that is accessible to patients,
19 employees, and visitors publications that contain information
20 about violence against women.
21 (6) This section does not create a right to abortion.
22 Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a person
23 shall not perform an abortion that is prohibited by law.
24 Sec. 17017. (1) A physician shall not diagnose and prescribe
25 a medical abortion for a patient who is or is presumed to be
26 pregnant without first personally performing a physical
27 examination of the patient. A physician shall not utilize other
1 means including, but not limited to, an internet web camera, to
2 diagnose and prescribe a medical abortion.
3 (2) A physician shall obtain the informed consent of a
4 patient in the manner prescribed under section 17015 to perform a
5 medical abortion. The physician shall be physically present at
6 the location of the medical abortion and at the time any
7 prescription drug is dispensed or administered during a medical
8 abortion. The prescribing physician shall provide direct
9 supervision of the dispensing or administering of a prescription
10 drug during a medical abortion. An individual under the direct
11 supervision of the prescribing physician who is qualified by
12 education and training as provided in this act may dispense or
13 administer the prescription drug during a medical abortion.
14 (3) A physician shall not give, sell, dispense, administer,
15 otherwise provide, or prescribe a prescription drug to an
16 individual for the purpose of inducing an abortion in the
17 individual unless the physician satisfies all the criteria
18 established by federal law or guideline that a physician must
19 satisfy in order to give, sell, dispense, administer, otherwise
20 provide, or prescribe a prescription drug for inducing an
22 (4) This section does not create a right to abortion.
23 Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a person
24 shall not perform an abortion that is prohibited by law.
25 (5) As used in this section:
26 (a) "Abortion" means that term as defined in section 17015.
27 (b) "Federal law or guideline" means any law, rule, or
1 regulation of the United States or any drug approval letter,
2 including the use of medication guides and patient agreements as
3 described in a drug approval letter, of the United States food
4 and drug administration, which law, rule, regulation, or letter
5 governs or regulates the use of prescription drugs for the
6 purpose of inducing abortions.
7 (c) "Medical abortion" means an abortion procedure that
8 utilizes a prescription drug or drugs including, but not limited
9 to, mifepristone, misoprostol, or ulipristal acetate.
10 (d) "Prescription drug" means that term as defined in
11 section 17708.
12 Sec. 17019. (1) A physician who meets all of the following
13 shall maintain professional liability coverage of not less than
14 $1,000,000.00, or provide equivalent security as determined by
15 the department, for the purpose of compensating a woman suffering
16 from abortion complications caused by the gross negligence or
17 malpractice of the physician:
18 (a) He or she performs 5 or more abortions per month.
19 (b) Meets any of the following:
20 (i) He or she was the subject of 2 or more civil lawsuits in
21 the preceding 7 years related to harm caused by abortions
22 performed by him or her.
23 (ii) The disciplinary subcommittee has imposed 1 or more
24 sanctions against his or her license under this article for
25 unprofessional, unethical, or negligent conduct in the preceding
26 7 years.
27 (iii) He or she operates, or has supervisory authority over,
1 an office or facility where abortions are performed and that
2 office or facility was found during a follow-up inspection to be
3 noncompliant with health and safety requirements after previous
4 inspections had formally identified the compliance failures and
5 needed corrective actions.
6 (2) Subject to sections 16221 and 16226, if the disciplinary
7 subcommittee finds that a physician is in violation of subsection
8 (1), the disciplinary subcommittee shall immediately limit the
9 physician's license to prohibit the physician from performing
10 abortions until he or she meets subsection (1).
11 (3) As used in this section, "abortion" means that term as
12 defined in section 17015.
13 Sec. 17515. A physician, before performing an abortion on a
14 patient, shall comply with
section sections 17015 and 17015a.
15 Sec. 17517. A physician shall comply with section 17017.
16 Sec. 17519. (1) A physician who meets all of the following
17 shall maintain professional liability coverage of not less than
18 $1,000,000.00, or provide equivalent security as determined by
19 the department, for the purpose of compensating a woman suffering
20 from abortion complications caused by the gross negligence or
21 malpractice of the physician:
22 (a) He or she performs 5 or more abortions per month.
23 (b) Meets any of the following:
24 (i) He or she was the subject of 2 or more civil lawsuits in
25 the preceding 7 years related to harm caused by abortions
26 performed by him or her.
27 (ii) The disciplinary subcommittee has imposed 1 or more
1 sanctions against his or her license under this article for
2 unprofessional, unethical, or negligent conduct in the preceding
3 7 years.
4 (iii) He or she operates, or has supervisory authority over,
5 an office or facility where abortions are performed and that
6 office or facility was found during a follow-up inspection to be
7 noncompliant with health and safety requirements after previous
8 inspections had formally identified the compliance failures and
9 needed corrective actions.
10 (2) Subject to sections 16221 and 16226, if the disciplinary
11 subcommittee finds that a physician is in violation of subsection
12 (1), the disciplinary subcommittee shall immediately limit the
13 physician's license to prohibit the physician from performing
14 abortions until he or she meets subsection (1).
15 (3) As used in this section, "abortion" means that term as
16 defined in section 17015.
17 Sec. 20115. (1) The department may promulgate rules to
18 further define the term "health facility or agency" and the
19 definition of a health facility or agency listed in section 20106
20 as required to implement this article. The department may define
21 a specific organization as a health facility or agency for the
22 sole purpose of certification authorized under this article. For
23 purpose of certification only, an organization defined in section
24 20106(5), 20108(1), or 20109(4) is considered a health facility
25 or agency. The term "health facility or agency" does not mean a
26 visiting nurse service or home aide service conducted by and for
27 the adherents of a church or religious denomination for the
1 purpose of providing service for those who depend upon spiritual
2 means through prayer alone for healing.
3 (2) The department shall promulgate rules to differentiate a
4 freestanding surgical outpatient facility from a private office
5 of a physician, dentist, podiatrist, or other health
6 professional. The department shall specify in the rules that a
7 facility including, but not limited to, a private practice office
8 described in this subsection
in which 50% or more of the patients
annually served at the facility undergo an abortion must be
10 licensed under this article as a freestanding surgical outpatient
11 facility if that facility publicly advertises outpatient abortion
12 services and performs 6 or more abortions per month.
13 (3) The department shall promulgate rules that in effect
14 republish R 325.3826, R 325.3832, R 325.3835, R 325.3857, R
15 325.3866, R 325.3867, and R 325.3868 of the Michigan
16 administrative code, but shall include in the rules standards for
17 a freestanding surgical outpatient facility
in which 50% or more
of the patients annually served in the freestanding surgical
outpatient facility undergo an abortion. or private practice
20 office that publicly advertises outpatient abortion services and
21 performs 6 or more abortions per month. The department shall
22 assure that the standards are consistent with the most recent
23 United States supreme court decisions regarding state regulation
24 of abortions.
(4) Subject to section 20145 and part 222, the department
may modify or waive 1 or more of the rules contained in R
325.3801 to R 325.3877 of the Michigan administrative code
regarding construction or equipment standards, or both, for a
freestanding surgical outpatient facility in which 50% or more of
the patients annually served in the freestanding surgical
outpatient facility undergo an abortion, if both of the following
conditions are met:
(a) The freestanding surgical outpatient facility was in
existence and operating on the effective date of the amendatory
act that added this subsection.
(b) The department makes a determination that the existing
construction or equipment conditions, or both, within the
freestanding surgical outpatient facility are adequate to
preserve the health and safety of the patients and employees of
the freestanding surgical outpatient facility or that the
construction or equipment conditions, or both, can be modified to
adequately preserve the health and safety of the patients and
employees of the freestanding surgical outpatient facility
without meeting the specific requirements of the rules.
used in this subsection, "abortion" means that
19 term as defined in section 17015.
20 Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect January
21 1, 2013.
22 Enacting section 2. This amendatory act does not take effect
23 unless all of the following bills of the 96th Legislature are
24 enacted into law:
25 (a) Senate Bill No. ____ or House Bill No. 5712(request no.
27 (b) Senate Bill No. ____ or House Bill No. 5713(request no.
2 (c) House Bill No. 5181.