HB-4956, As Passed House, November 1, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOUSE BILL No. 4956

 

 

September 14, 2017, Introduced by Reps. Cole, Liberati, Webber, Leutheuser and Chirkun and referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.

 

     A bill to amend 1949 PA 300, entitled

 

"Michigan vehicle code,"

 

by amending section 719 (MCL 257.719), as amended by 2017 PA 35.

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 719. (1) A vehicle unloaded or with load shall not exceed

 

a height of 13 feet 6 inches. The owner of a vehicle that collides

 

with a lawfully established bridge or viaduct is liable for all

 

damage and injury resulting from a collision caused by the height

 

of the vehicle, whether the clearance of the bridge or viaduct is

 

posted or not.

 

     (2) Lengths described in this subsection shall be known as the

 

normal length maximum. Except as provided in subsection (3), the

 

following vehicles and combinations of vehicles shall not be

 


operated on a highway in this state in excess of these lengths:

 

     (a) Subject to subsection (9), any single vehicle: 40 feet; a

 

crib vehicle on which logs are loaded lengthwise of the vehicle:

 

42.5 feet; any single bus or motor home: 45 feet.

 

     (b) Articulated buses: 65 feet.

 

     (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a

 

combination of a truck and semitrailer or trailer, or a truck

 

tractor, semitrailer, and trailer, or truck tractor and semitrailer

 

or trailer, designed and used exclusively to transport assembled

 

motor vehicles or bodies, recreational vehicles, or boats: 65 feet.

 

A combination of a truck and semitrailer or trailer, or a truck

 

tractor, semitrailer, and trailer, or a truck tractor and

 

semitrailer or trailer designed and used to transport boats from

 

the manufacturer, or a stinger-steered combination: 75 feet. The

 

load on the combinations of vehicles described in this subdivision

 

may extend an additional 3 feet beyond the front and 4 feet beyond

 

the rear of the combinations of vehicles. Retractable extensions

 

used to support and secure the load that do not extend beyond the

 

allowable overhang for the front and rear shall not be included in

 

determining length of a loaded vehicle or vehicle combination.

 

     (d) Truck tractor and semitrailer combinations: no overall

 

length, the semitrailer: 50 feet.

 

     (e) Except as provided in subdivision (j), truck and

 

semitrailer or trailer: 59 feet.

 

     (f) Except as provided in subdivision (g), truck tractor,

 

semitrailer, and trailer, or truck tractor and 2 semitrailers: 59

 

feet.


     (g) A truck tractor, semitrailer, and trailer, or a truck

 

tractor and 2 semitrailers, in which no semitrailer or trailer is

 

more than 28-1/2 feet long: 65 feet. This subdivision only applies

 

while the vehicle is being used for a business purpose reasonably

 

related to picking up or delivering a load and only if each

 

semitrailer or trailer is equipped with a device or system capable

 

of mechanically dumping construction materials or dumping

 

construction materials by force of gravity.

 

     (h) More than 1 motor vehicle, wholly or partially assembled,

 

in combination, utilizing 1 tow bar or 3 saddle mounts with full

 

mount mechanisms and utilizing the motive power of 1 of the

 

vehicles in combination: 55 feet.

 

     (i) A recreational vehicle that has its own motive power, in

 

combination with a trailer: 65 feet or, if the operator of the

 

recreational vehicle has a group commercial motor vehicle

 

designation on his or her operator's or chauffeur's license, 75

 

feet.

 

     (j) Truck and trailer combinations designed and used to

 

transport agricultural drainage tubing: 75 feet.

 

     (3) Notwithstanding subsection (2), the following vehicles and

 

combinations of vehicles shall not be operated on a designated

 

highway of this state in excess of these lengths:

 

     (a) Truck tractor and semitrailer combinations: no overall

 

length limit, the semitrailer 53 feet. All semitrailers longer than

 

50 feet shall have a wheelbase of 37.5 to 40.5 feet plus or minus

 

0.5 feet, measured from the kingpin coupling to the center of the

 

rear axle or the center of the rear axle assembly. City, village,


or county authorities may prohibit stops of vehicles with a

 

semitrailer longer than 50 feet within their jurisdiction unless

 

the stop occurs along appropriately designated routes, or is

 

necessary for emergency purposes or to reach shippers, receivers,

 

warehouses, and terminals along designated routes.

 

     (b) Truck and semitrailer or trailer combinations: 65 feet,

 

except that a person may operate a truck and semitrailer or trailer

 

designed and used to transport saw logs, pulpwood, and tree length

 

poles that does not exceed an overall length of 70 feet or a crib

 

vehicle and semitrailer or trailer designed and used to transport

 

saw logs that does not exceed an overall length of 75 feet. A crib

 

vehicle and semitrailer or trailer designed to and used to

 

transport saw logs shall not exceed a gross vehicle weight of

 

164,000 pounds. A person may operate a truck tractor and

 

semitrailer designed and used to transport saw logs, pulpwood, and

 

tree length wooden poles with a load overhang to the rear of the

 

semitrailer which does not exceed 6 feet if the semitrailer does

 

not exceed 50 feet in length.

 

     (c) Notwithstanding subsection (5)(d), a truck tractor with a

 

log slasher unit and a log saw unit: no overall limit if the length

 

of each unit does not exceed 28-1/2 feet, or the overall length of

 

the log slasher unit and the log saw unit, as measured from the

 

front of the first towed unit to the rear of the second towed unit

 

while the units are coupled together, does not exceed 58 feet. The

 

coupling devices of the truck tractor and units set forth in this

 

subdivision shall meet the requirements established under the motor

 

carrier safety act of 1963, 1963 PA 181, MCL 480.11 to 480.25.


     (d) Truck tractor and 2 semitrailers, or truck tractor,

 

semitrailer, and trailer combinations: no overall length limit, if

 

the length of each semitrailer or trailer does not exceed 28-1/2

 

feet each, or the overall length of the semitrailer and trailer, or

 

2 semitrailers as measured from the front of the first towed unit

 

to the rear of the second towed unit while the units are coupled

 

together does not exceed 58 feet.

 

     (e) More than 1 motor vehicle, wholly or partially assembled,

 

in combination, utilizing 1 tow bar or 3 saddle mounts with full

 

mount mechanisms and utilizing the motive power of 1 of the

 

vehicles in combination: 97 feet.

 

     (f) Truck tractor and lowboy semitrailer combinations: no

 

maximum overall length, if the lowboy semitrailer does not exceed

 

59 feet, except as otherwise permitted under this subdivision. A

 

lowboy semitrailer wheelbase shall not exceed 55 feet as measured

 

from the kingpin coupling to the center of the rear axle. A lowboy

 

semitrailer more than 59 feet in length shall not operate with more

 

than any combination of 4 axles on the lowboy unless an oversized

 

load permit is issued by the state transportation department or a

 

local authority with respect to highways under its jurisdiction. As

 

used in this subdivision, "lowboy semitrailer" means a flatbed

 

semitrailer with a depressed section that has the specific purpose

 

of being lowered and raised for loading and unloading.

 

     (4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a

 

combination of a truck and semitrailer, or truck tractor and

 

semitrailer, used exclusively to transport assembled motor vehicles

 

or bodies that have a trailer length of 53 feet may have a load


that extends an additional 3 feet beyond the front of the trailer

 

and 4 feet beyond the rear of the trailer. Retractable extensions

 

used to support and secure the load that do not extend beyond the

 

allowable overhang for the front and rear shall not be included in

 

determining length of a loaded vehicle or vehicle combination. The

 

total overall length loaded of the combination of vehicles

 

described in this subsection shall not exceed 79 feet.

 

     (5) The following combinations and movements are prohibited:

 

     (a) A truck shall not haul more than 1 trailer or semitrailer,

 

and a truck tractor shall not haul more than 2 semitrailers or 1

 

semitrailer and 1 trailer in combination at any 1 time, except that

 

a farm tractor may haul 2 wagons or trailers, or garbage and refuse

 

haulers may, during daylight hours, haul up to 4 trailers for

 

garbage and refuse collection purposes, not exceeding in any

 

combination a total length of 55 feet and at a speed limit not to

 

exceed 15 miles per hour.

 

     (b) A combination of vehicles or a vehicle shall not have more

 

than 11 axles, except when operating under a valid permit issued by

 

the state transportation department or a local authority with

 

respect to a highway under its jurisdiction.

 

     (c) Any combination of vehicles not specifically authorized

 

under this section is prohibited.

 

     (d) Except as provided in subsection (3)(c), a combination of

 

2 semitrailers pulled by a truck tractor, unless each semitrailer

 

uses a fifth wheel connecting assembly that conforms to the

 

requirements of the motor carrier safety act of 1963, 1963 PA 181,

 

MCL 480.11 to 480.25.


     (e) A vehicle or a combination of vehicles shall not carry a

 

load extending more than 3 feet beyond the front of the lead

 

vehicle.

 

     (f) A vehicle described in subsections (2)(e) and (3)(e)

 

employing triple saddle mounts unless all wheels that are in

 

contact with the roadway have operating brakes.

 

     (6) All combinations of vehicles under this section shall

 

employ connecting assemblies and lighting devices that are in

 

compliance with the motor carrier safety act of 1963, 1963 PA 181,

 

MCL 480.11 to 480.25.

 

     (7) The total gross weight of a truck tractor, semitrailer,

 

and trailer combination or a truck tractor and 2 semitrailers

 

combination that exceeds 59 feet in length shall not exceed a ratio

 

of 400 pounds per engine net horsepower delivered to clutch or its

 

equivalent specified in the handbook published by the Society of

 

Automotive Engineers, Inc. (SAE), 1977 edition.

 

     (8) A person who violates this section is responsible for a

 

civil infraction. The owner of the vehicle may be charged with a

 

violation of this section.

 

     (9) The provisions in subsections (2)(a) and (3)(b)

 

prescribing the length of a crib vehicle on which logs are loaded

 

lengthwise do not apply unless 23 USC 127(d) is amended to allow

 

crib vehicles carrying logs to be loaded as described in this

 

section.

 

     (10) As used in this section:

 

     (a) "Designated highway" means a highway approved by the state

 

transportation department or a local authority with respect to a


highway under its jurisdiction.

 

     (b) "Length" means the total length of a vehicle, or

 

combination of vehicles, including any load the vehicle is

 

carrying. Length does not include devices described in 23 CFR

 

658.16 and 23 CFR part 658, appendix D, 23 CFR 658.16 and 23 CFR

 

part 658, appendix D, as on file with the secretary of state are

 

adopted by reference. A safety or energy conservation device shall

 

be excluded from a determination of length only if it is not

 

designed or used for the carrying of cargo, freight, or equipment.

 

Semitrailers and trailers shall be measured from the front vertical

 

plane of the foremost transverse load supporting structure to the

 

rearmost transverse load supporting structure. Vehicle components

 

not excluded by law shall be included in the measurement of the

 

length, height, and width of the vehicle.

 

     (c) "Stinger-steered combinations" means a truck tractor and

 

semitrailer combination in which the fifth wheel is located on a

 

drop frame located behind and below the rearmost axle of the power

 

unit.

 

     Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days

 

after the date it is enacted into law.