SB-0521, As Passed Senate, December 6, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUBSTITUTE FOR

 

SENATE BILL NO. 521

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     A bill to amend 1949 PA 300, entitled

 

"Michigan vehicle code,"

 

by amending section 649 (MCL 257.649).

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 649. (1) The driver of a vehicle approaching an

 

intersection shall yield the right of way to a vehicle which that

 

has entered the intersection from a different highway.

 

     (2) When 2 vehicles enter an intersection from different

 

highways at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle

 

on the left shall yield the right of way to the vehicle on the

 

right.

 

     (3) The right of way rules declared in subsections (1) and (2)

 

are modified at through highways and otherwise as stated provided

 


in subsection (4) and in this chapter.

 

     (4) The driver of a vehicle approaching an intersection that

 

is controlled by a traffic control signal shall do all of the

 

following, if the signal facing the driver exhibits no colored

 

lights or colored lighted arrows, exhibits a combination of colored

 

lights or colored lighted arrows that fails to clearly indicate the

 

assignment of right of way, or the signals are otherwise

 

malfunctioning:

 

     (a) Stop at a clearly marked stop line, or, if there is no

 

clearly marked stop line, stop before entering the crosswalk on the

 

near side of the intersection, or, if there is no crosswalk, stop

 

before entering the intersection.

 

     (b) Yield the right of way to all vehicles in the intersection

 

or approaching on an intersecting road, if those vehicles will

 

constitute an immediate hazard during the time the driver is moving

 

across or within the intersection.

 

     (c) Exercise ordinary care while proceeding through the

 

intersection.

 

     (5) Subsection (4) does not apply to either of the following:

 

     (a) An intersection that is controlled by a traffic control

 

signal that is flashing yellow unless certain events occur,

 

including, but not limited to, activation by an emergency vehicle.

 

     (b) A traffic control signal that is located in a school zone

 

and is flashing yellow only during prescribed periods of time.

 

     (6) (4) The driver of a vehicle approaching a yield sign, in

 

obedience to the sign, shall slow down to a speed reasonable for

 

the existing conditions and shall yield the right of way to a


vehicle in the intersection or approaching on another highway so

 

closely as to constitute an immediate hazard during the time the

 

driver would be moving across or within the intersection. However,

 

if required for safety to stop, the driver shall stop before

 

entering the crosswalk on the near side of the intersection or, if

 

there is not a crosswalk, at a clearly marked stop line; but if

 

there is not a crosswalk or a clearly marked stop line, then at the

 

point nearest the intersecting roadway where the driver has a view

 

of approaching traffic on the intersecting roadway.

 

     (7) (5) The driver of a vehicle traveling at an unlawful speed

 

shall forfeit forfeits a right of way which that the driver might

 

otherwise have under this section.

 

     (8) (6) Except when directed to proceed by a police officer,

 

the driver of a vehicle approaching a stop intersection indicated

 

by a stop sign shall stop before entering the crosswalk on the near

 

side of the intersection, or if there is not a crosswalk shall stop

 

at a clearly marked stop line; or if there is not a crosswalk or a

 

clearly marked stop line, then at the point nearest the

 

intersecting roadway where the driver has a view of approaching

 

traffic on the intersecting roadway. After having stopped, the

 

driver shall yield the right of way to a vehicle which that has

 

entered the intersection from another highway or which that is

 

approaching so closely on the highway as to constitute an immediate

 

hazard during the time when the driver would be moving across or

 

within the intersection.

 

     (9) (7) When a vehicle approaches the intersection of a

 

highway from an intersecting highway or street which that is


intended to be, and is constructed as, a merging highway or street,

 

and is plainly marked at the intersection with appropriate merge

 

signs, the vehicle shall yield right of way to a vehicle so close

 

as to constitute an immediate hazard on the highway about to be

 

entered and shall adjust its speed so as to enable it to merge

 

safely with the through traffic.

 

     (10) (8) A person who violates this section is responsible for

 

a civil infraction.

 

     Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days

 

after the date it is enacted into law.