HOUSE BILL NO. 4727
June 13, 2019, Introduced by Reps. Bolden,
Hammoud, Guerra, Rabhi, Sowerby, Manoogian, Pagan, Elder, Gay-Dagnogo,
LaGrand, Anthony, Peterson and Sabo and referred to the Committee on
Military, Veterans and Homeland Security.
June 13, 2019, Introduced by Reps. Bolden, Hammoud, Guerra, Rabhi, Sowerby, Manoogian, Pagan, Elder, Gay-Dagnogo, LaGrand, Anthony, Peterson and Sabo and referred to the Committee on Military, Veterans and Homeland Security.
the people of the state of michigan enact:
(a) "Individual in removal proceedings" means an individual who is in removal proceedings under section 240 of the federal immigration and nationality act, 8 USC 1229a, before a federal immigration judge that is located in this state, an individual who is arrested by Immigration and Customs Enforcement within this state and placed in expedited removal proceedings, an individual who is paroled into the United States at or near a port of entry in this state for purposes of removal proceedings, any individual detained by United States Customs and Border Protection at any port of entry in this state, including, but not limited to, when the port of entry is at an airport, on land, or at sea, or an individual who is a party to an appeal made to the Board of Immigration Appeals, the United States Sixth Circuit Court, or a federal district court in this state arising from those proceedings.
(b) "Legal services" means services provided by a licensed attorney to an individual who is being detained for deportation proceedings, beginning with the individual's initial detention through a court's final deportation determination.
(c) "Legal training and technical assistance" includes, but is not limited to, webinars, in-person trainings, mentoring, removal defense boot camps, and technical assistance in the form of answering questions via electronic mail, fax, or telephone from organizations described in section 4(1) and their staff and volunteers who assist individuals with removal defense.
(d) "Stakeholder" includes, but is not limited to, nonprofit legal services organizations with experience in immigration removal defense and nonprofit organizations with experience in public policy impacting immigrants.
(e) "Violent felony" means that term as defined in section 36 of the corrections code of 1953, 1953 PA 232, MCL 791.236.
Sec. 3. (1) The state court administrative office shall either contract directly with qualified nonprofit legal services organizations, or contract with a nonprofit agency to administer funding to nonprofit legal services organization subcontractors, to provide legal services to individuals in removal proceedings who are not otherwise entitled to legal representation under an existing local, state, or federal program. The state court administrative office may prioritize the award of contracts to provide legal services for detained individuals in removal proceedings. The state court administrative office may prioritize the award of contracts to qualified nonprofit legal services organizations that also receive county or city funding to provide legal services to individuals in removal proceedings.
(2) The state court administrative office may consult with stakeholders to determine the prioritization of funding based on specified factors, including, but not limited to, the income of an individual in removal proceedings. The state court administrative office shall prioritize the award of contracts to provide legal services for any of the following:
(a) Detained individuals who have a parent, spouse, or child who is a citizen or legal permanent resident of the United States.
(b) Veterans of the United States military and their spouses.
(c) Individuals who have a claim for political asylum.
(d) Individuals who have longstanding ties to the United States or who are eligible for relief under the federal deferred action for childhood arrivals program. The state court administrative office shall, in consultation with stakeholders, define the term "longstanding ties" for the purposes of this subdivision.
(3) The state court administrative office may request proposals for agencies to act as the umbrella agency in order to determine whether an umbrella agency model is more efficient than contracting directly with individual organizations.
(4) Funds provided under a contract awarded under this section must not be used to provide legal services to an individual who has a final conviction for, or who is currently appealing a conviction for, a violent felony.
Sec. 4. (1) A contract awarded under section 3 must be executed either with a nonprofit agency that will administer funding to nonprofit legal services organization subcontractors that meet both of the following requirements, or directly with nonprofit legal services organizations that meet both of the following requirements:
(a) Have significant experience in representing individuals in removal proceedings and asylum applications. As used in this subdivision, "significant experience" means at least 1 of the following:
(i) A minimum of 5 years of experience as an organization.
(ii) Experience as a federal subcontractor for immigration representation.
(iii) Experience working with or under the supervision of an organization, including a legal training or a technical assistance organization, that has significant experience in removal defense.
(b) Are accredited by the Board of Immigration Appeals under the United States Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review.
(2) The state court administrative office may contract with organizations that provide legal training and technical assistance to other organizations qualified under subsection (1).
(3) Legal services organizations that provide legal training and technical assistance must have at least 10 years of experience conducting immigration legal services trainings and technical assistance specifically on removal defense.
(4) The state court administrative office may contract with organizations that provide postconviction relief services to immigrants. Organizations with contracts under this subsection may be criminal defense organizations that file postconviction relief motions and petitions in this state.
(5) The state court administrative office may contract with organizations that provide case coordination and placement services to ensure that all individuals eligible for representation under a contract entered into under section 3 or this section receive that representation in a timely fashion.
(2) The state treasurer may receive money or other assets from any source for deposit into the fund. The state treasurer shall direct the investment of the fund. The state treasurer shall credit to the fund interest and earnings from fund investments.
(3) Money in the fund at the close of the fiscal year must remain in the fund and must not lapse to the general fund.
(4) The state court administrative office shall be the administrator of the fund for auditing purposes.
(5) The state court administrative office shall expend money from the fund, upon appropriation, only for 1 or more of the following purposes:
(a) To carry out its duties under this act.
(b) To award contracts as provided in section 3 and 4.