HOUSE BILL NO. 4147

February 04, 2021, Introduced by Reps. Manoogian and Filler and referred to the Committee on Judiciary.

A bill to amend 1949 PA 300, entitled

"Michigan vehicle code,"

by amending sections 306 and 907 (MCL 257.306 and 257.907), section 306 as amended by 2020 PA 304 and section 907 as amended by 2015 PA 126.

the people of the state of michigan enact:

Sec. 306. (1) The secretary of state, on receiving an application for a temporary instruction permit from an individual who is 18 years of age or older, may issue that permit that entitles the applicant, while carrying the permit, to drive a motor vehicle other than a motor vehicle requiring an indorsement under section 312a or a vehicle group designation under section 312e on the highways for a period of 180 days when accompanied by a licensed adult operator or chauffeur who is actually occupying a seat beside the driver. A temporary instruction permit issued under this subsection that expires on or after March 1, 2020 is valid until March 31, 2021.

(2) The secretary of state may issue an original operator's license and designate level 1, 2, or 3 graduated licensing provisions to an individual who is less than 18 years of age, has been licensed in another state or country, and has satisfied the applicable requirements of section 310e. An original operator's license with a designated level 1, 2, or 3 graduated licensing provision issued under this subsection that expires on or after March 1, 2020 is valid until March 31, 2021.

(3) A student enrolled in a driver education course as that term is defined in section 3 of the driver education provider and instructor act, 2006 PA 384, MCL 256.623, or a motorcycle safety course approved by the department of state may operate a motor vehicle that does not require a group designation under section 312e without holding an operator's license or permit while under the direct supervision of the program instructor.

(4) A student enrolled in a driver education course as that term is defined in section 3 of the driver education provider and instructor act, 2006 PA 384, MCL 256.623, and who has successfully completed 10 hours of classroom instruction and the equivalent of 2 hours of behind-the-wheel training may be issued a temporary driver education certificate furnished by the department of state that authorizes a student to drive a motor vehicle, other than a motor vehicle that requires an indorsement under section 312a or a vehicle group designation under section 312e, when accompanied by a licensed parent or guardian, or when accompanied by a nonlicensed parent or guardian and a licensed adult for the purpose of receiving additional instruction until the end of the student's driver education course. A temporary driver education certificate issued under this subsection that expires on or after March 1, 2020 is valid until March 31, 2021.

(5) Beginning January 1, 2015, the secretary of state, on receiving proper application from an individual 16 or 17 years of age who is enrolled in or has successfully completed an approved motorcycle safety course under section 811a, or an individual who is 18 years of age or older and who holds a valid operator's or chauffeur's license, may issue a motorcycle temporary instruction permit that entitles the applicant, while carrying the permit, to operate a motorcycle on the public streets and highways for a period of 180 days under the following conditions:

(a) The applicant shall operate the motorcycle under the constant visual supervision of a licensed motorcycle operator who is at least 18 years of age.

(b) The applicant shall not operate the motorcycle at night.

(c) The applicant shall not operate the motorcycle with a passenger.

(d) The applicant shall not be eligible for more than 2 motorcycle temporary instruction permits in a 10-year period.

(6) A motorcycle temporary instruction permit issued under subsection (5) that expires on or after March 1, 2020 is valid until March 31, 2021.

(7) A person who violates subsection (3) is responsible for a civil infraction and shall be ordered to pay a civil fine of not more than $150.00.

Sec. 907. (1) A violation of this act, or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to a provision of this act, that is designated a civil infraction shall is not be considered a lesser included offense of a criminal offense.

(2) If a person is determined under sections 741 to 750 to be responsible or responsible "with explanation" for a civil infraction under this act or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to a provision of this act, the judge or district court magistrate may order the person to pay a civil fine of not more than $100.00 and costs as provided in subsection (4). However, if the civil infraction was a moving violation that resulted in an at-fault collision with another vehicle, a person, or any other object, the civil fine ordered under this section shall must be increased by $25.00 but the total civil fine shall must not exceed $100.00. However, for a violation of section 602b, the person shall must be ordered to pay costs as provided in subsection (4) and a civil fine of $100.00 for a first offense and $200.00 for a second or subsequent offense. For a violation of section 674(1)(s) or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to section 674(1)(s), the person shall must be ordered to pay costs as provided in subsection (4) and a civil fine of not less than $100.00 or more than $250.00. For a violation of section 676c, the person shall must be ordered to pay costs as provided in subsection (4) and a civil fine of $1,000.00. For a violation of section 306, the civil fine ordered under this subsection must be not more than $150.00. For a violation of section 328, the civil fine ordered under this subsection shall must be not more than $50.00. For a violation of section 710d, the civil fine ordered under this subsection shall must not exceed $10.00, subject to subsection (12). For a violation of section 710e, the civil fine and court costs ordered under this subsection shall must be $25.00. For a violation of section 682 or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to section 682, the person shall must be ordered to pay costs as provided in subsection (4) and a civil fine of not less than $100.00 or more than $500.00. For a violation of section 240, the civil fine ordered under this subsection shall must be $15.00. For a violation of section 252a(1), the civil fine ordered under this subsection shall must be $50.00. For a violation of section 676a(3), the civil fine ordered under this section shall must be not more than $10.00. For a first violation of section 319f(1), the civil fine ordered under this section shall must be not less than $2,500.00 or more than $2,750.00; for a second or subsequent violation, the civil fine shall must be not less than $5,000.00 or more than $5,500.00. For a violation of section 319g(1)(a), the civil fine ordered under this section shall must be not more than $10,000.00. For a violation of section 319g(1)(g), the civil fine ordered under this section shall must be not less than $2,750.00 or more than $25,000.00. Permission may be granted for payment of a civil fine and costs to be made within a specified period of time or in specified installments, but unless permission is included in the order or judgment, the civil fine and costs shall must be payable immediately.

(3) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a person is determined to be responsible or responsible "with explanation" for a civil infraction under this act or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to a provision of this act while driving a commercial motor vehicle, he or she the person shall be ordered to pay costs as provided in subsection (4) and a civil fine of not more than $250.00.

(4) If a civil fine is ordered under subsection (2) or (3), the judge or district court magistrate shall summarily tax and determine the costs of the action , which that are not limited to the costs taxable in ordinary civil actions, and may include all expenses, direct and indirect, to which the plaintiff has been put in connection with the civil infraction, up to the entry of judgment. Costs shall must not be ordered in excess of $100.00. A civil fine ordered under subsection (2) or (3) shall must not be waived unless costs ordered under this subsection are waived. Except as otherwise provided by law, costs are payable to the general fund of the plaintiff.

(5) In addition to a civil fine and costs ordered under subsection (2) or (3) and subsection (4) and the justice system assessment ordered under subsection (13), the judge or district court magistrate may order the person to attend and complete a program of treatment, education, or rehabilitation program.

(6) A district court magistrate shall impose the sanctions permitted under subsections (2), (3), and (5) only to the extent expressly authorized by the chief judge or only judge of the district court district.

(7) Each district of the district court and each municipal court may establish a schedule of civil fines, costs, and assessments to be imposed for civil infractions that occur within the respective district or city. If a schedule is established, it shall must be prominently posted and readily available for public inspection. A schedule need not include all violations that are designated by law or ordinance as civil infractions. A schedule may exclude cases on the basis of a defendant's prior record of civil infractions or traffic offenses, or a combination of civil infractions and traffic offenses.

(8) The state court administrator shall annually publish and distribute to each district and court a recommended range of civil fines and costs for first-time civil infractions. This recommendation is not binding upon on the courts having that have jurisdiction over civil infractions but is intended to act as a normative guide for judges and district court magistrates and a basis for public evaluation of disparities in the imposition of civil fines and costs throughout the state.

(9) If a person has received a civil infraction citation for defective safety equipment on a vehicle under section 683, the court shall waive a civil fine, costs, and assessments upon on receipt of certification by a law enforcement agency that repair of the defective equipment was made before the appearance date on the citation.

(10) A default in the payment of a civil fine or costs ordered under subsection (2), (3), or (4) or a justice system assessment ordered under subsection (13), or an installment of the fine, costs, or assessment, may be collected by a means authorized for the enforcement of a judgment under chapter 40 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.4001 to 600.4065, or under chapter 60 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.6001 to 600.6098.

(11) If a person fails to comply with an order or judgment issued under this section within the time prescribed by the court, the driver's driver license of that person shall must be suspended under section 321a until full compliance with that order or judgment occurs. In addition to this suspension, the court may also proceed under section 908.

(12) The court may waive any civil fine, cost, or assessment against a person who received a civil infraction citation for a violation of section 710d if the person, before the appearance date on the citation, supplies the court with evidence of acquisition, purchase, or rental of a child seating system meeting the requirements of section 710d.

(13) In addition to any civil fines or costs ordered to be paid under this section, the judge or district court magistrate shall order the defendant to pay a justice system assessment of $40.00 for each civil infraction determination, except for a parking violation or a violation for which the total fine and costs imposed are $10.00 or less. Upon On payment of the assessment, the clerk of the court shall transmit the assessment collected to the state treasury to be deposited into the justice system fund created in section 181 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.181. An assessment levied under this subsection is not a civil fine for purposes of section 909.

(14) If a person has received a citation for a violation of section 223, the court shall waive any civil fine, costs, and assessment, upon on receipt of certification by a law enforcement agency that the person, before the appearance date on the citation, produced a valid registration certificate that was valid on the date the violation of section 223 occurred.

(15) If a person has received a citation for a violation of section 328(1) for failing a failure to produce a certificate of insurance under section 328(2), the court may waive the fee described in section 328(3)(c) and shall waive any fine, costs, and any other fee or assessment otherwise authorized under this act upon on receipt of verification by the court that the person, before the appearance date on the citation, produced valid proof of insurance that was in effect at the time the violation of section 328(1) occurred. Insurance obtained subsequent to the time of the violation does not make the person eligible for a waiver under this subsection.

(16) If a person is determined to be responsible or responsible "with explanation" for a civil infraction under this act or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to a provision of this act and the civil infraction arises out of the ownership or operation of a commercial quadricycle, he or she the person shall be ordered to pay costs as provided in subsection (4) and a civil fine of not more than $500.00.

(17) As used in this section, "moving violation" means an act or omission prohibited under this act or a local ordinance that substantially corresponding corresponds to this act that involves the operation of a motor vehicle and for which a fine may be assessed.