SENATE BILL NO. 219
"Revised judicature act of 1961,"
by amending section 2955b (MCL 600.2955b), as added by 2000 PA 176.
the people of the state of michigan enact:
Sec. 2955b. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, the court shall dismiss with prejudice a plaintiff's action for an individual's bodily injury or death and shall order the plaintiff to pay each defendant's costs and actual attorney fees if the bodily injury or death occurred during 1 or more of the following:
(a) The individual's commission, or flight from the commission, of a felony.crime.
(b) The individual's acts or flight from acts that the finder of fact in the civil action finds, by clear and convincing evidence, to constitute all the elements of a felony.crime.
(2) If the bodily injury or death described in subsection (1) resulted from force, the court shall not apply subsection (1) to the claim of the plaintiff against a defendant who caused the individual's bodily injury or death unless the court finds that the particular defendant did either of the following:
(a) Used a degree of force that a reasonable person would believe to have been appropriate to prevent injury to the defendant or to others.
(b) Used a degree of force that a reasonable person would believe to have been appropriate to prevent or respond to the commission of a felony. crime. In making a finding under this subsection, the court shall not consider the fact that the defendant may not have known that the plaintiff's actions or attempted actions would be the commission of a felony.crime.
(3) If a proceeding is pending regarding an individual's commission of a felony crime and the individual is a plaintiff in a civil action for damages for his or her own bodily injury, the court shall stay the plaintiff's civil action in regard to a claim against a particular defendant until the final disposition of the proceeding on the individual's commission of a felony, crime, including appeals, but only if both of the following occur:
(a) The defendant moves under subsection (1) to dismiss the plaintiff's claim in regard to the defendant.
(b) The court finds probable cause to believe that subsection (1) applies to the plaintiff's claim against the defendant.
(4) The period of limitations to bring a civil action for damages for an individual's bodily injury or death is tolled during each period of time that a court proceeding is pending regarding the individual in a criminal action or an adjudication under chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.1 to 712A.32, including appeals, but only if the civil action is based on the same events as the criminal action or adjudication.
(5) At any point in time that section 1902 applies to an individual or events, this section does not apply to the individual or the events.
(6) This section applies only to a civil action filed on or after the effective date of the amendatory act that added this section.after September 17, 2000.
(7) As used in this section:
(a) "Commission of a felony" crime" means either conduct to which 1 or more of the following apply:
(i) A conviction for The conduct resulted in the individual being convicted of a felony.
(ii) The conduct resulted in the individual being convicted of a misdemeanor.
(iii) (ii) An In an adjudication under chapter XIIA of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 712A.1 to 712A.32, holding an the individual, as a result of the conduct, was held responsible for an offense that if committed by an adult would be a felony or misdemeanor.
(b) "Felony" means a violation of a law of this state or of the United States that is designated as a felony or that is punishable by death or imprisonment for more than 1 year.
(c) "Misdemeanor" means a violation of this state or of the United States that is designated as a misdemeanor or that is punishable by imprisonment for 1 year or less.
(d) (c) "Plaintiff" includes, but is not limited to, an individual who, or an estate that, brings an action for the bodily injury or death.